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  Handbook, Material Recovery Facilities for Municipal Solid Waste (EPA/625/6-91/031) September 1991

This handbook addresses the technical and economic aspects of material recovery facility (MRF) equipment technology. Several communities have proposed that these systems be used as part of recycling operations aimed at reducing land disposal of municipal solid waste. Although the basic principles of MRFs have been around for some time, very few of these facilities have been operating for a long period of time.

The handbook is intended to be used by solid waste planners at the community level. It points out what can be done technically, what material specifications can be achieved, and what the different manual and mechanical separation and recovery approaches can cost.

The handbook will enable the community planner to understand the basic and variable MRF operations and to ask technical questions of vendors or consulting engineers proposing an operation. Information on performance guarantees, personnel requirements, and siting considerations is also provided.

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