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  Seminars, Bioremediation of Hazardous Waste Sites: Practical Approaches to Implementation (EPA/625/K-96/001) May 1996

This technology transfer seminar series was sponsored by the EPA's Biosystems Program. The Biosystems Program coordinates research, development, and evaluation of full-scale bioremediation activities.

The seminar series provided participants with state-of-the-science information on the practical aspects of implementing bioremediation. The series was divided into the following sections:

  • Background for Bioremediation Applications
  • In Situ Treatment of Soils, Sediments, and Shorelines
  • Ex Situ Treatment With and Without a Reactor
  • Natural Attenuation
  • Treatment of the Subsurface

Each section included discussion of advantages and limitations, materials handling, types of waste amenable to the treatment process, pre- and post-treatment requirements, and capital and operation and maintenance costs.

The overall focus was on field applications in use today. Some information on processes that are nearing readiness for field use addressed the following topics:

  • Biodegradation and metabolism
  • Environmental factors affecting biodegradation
  • Site characterization
  • General concept of treatability studies

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