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  In Situ and Ex Situ Biodegradation Technologies for Remediation of Contaminated Sites (22 pp, 812 KB) (EPA/625/R-06/015) October 2006

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Engineering Issues are a new series of technology transfer documents that summarize the latest available information on selected treatment and site re-mediation technologies and related issues. They are designed to help remedial project managers (RPMs), on-scene coordinators (OSCs), contractors, and other site managers understand the type of data and site characteristics needed to evaluate a technology for potential applicability to their specific sites. Each Engineering Issue document is developed in conjunction with a small group of scientists inside the EPA and with outside consultants and relies on peer-reviewed literature, EPA reports, Internet sources, current research, and other pertinent information. For this Engineering Issue paper, the reader is assumed to have a basic technical background and some familiarity with bioremediation. Those readers interested in a more basic discussion of bioremediation should consult the A Citizen's Guide to Bioremediation (EPA, 2001a).

The purpose of this Engineering Issue paper for biodegradation technologies is to summarize current information on bioremediation and to convey that information clearly and concisely to site managers. The Table of Contents indicates the types of information covered in this Engineering Issue paper, and this information relies, wherever feasible, on independently reviewed process performance information. In an effort to keep this Engineering Issue paper short, important information is summarized, while references and Internet links are provided for readers interested in additional information; these Internet links, verified as accurate at the time of publication, are subject to change.


David Reisman

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