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Organic Air Emissions from Waste Management Facilities


The organic chemicals contained in wastes processed during waste management operations can volatilize into the atmosphere and cause toxic or carcinogenic effects or contribute to ozone formation. Because air emissions from waste management operations pose a threat to human health and the environment, regulations were developed to control organic air emissions from these operations
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has promulgated standards under the authority of Section 3004 of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The standards limit organic air emissions as a class from process vents and equipment leaks at hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities requiring a permit under Subtitle C of RCRA. EPA has also promulgated standards under the authority of Section 112 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) that limit emissions of benzene from benzene waste operations.

This document will help improve understanding of those air rules that apply to waste management operations, focusing on control technologies and the RCRA and CAA regulations.

For more information on this {and similar} research, please visit our research web site.

Office of Research & Development | National Risk Management Research Laboratory

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