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  Seminar Publication, Control of Lead and Copper in Drinking Water (115 pp, 11.8 MB) (EPA/625/R-93/001) May 1993

This document presents subjects relating to the control of lead and copper in drinking water systems. It is of interest to system owners, operators, managers, and local decision makers, such as town officials, regarding drinking water treatment requirements and the treatment technologies suitable for them. State and federal regulatory officials, consultants, academicians, and manufacturers will also find this information useful.

Chapter 1 discusses regulatory issues, presenting both an overview of the new federal requirements and a state perspective on implementing these requirements.

Chapter 2 presents information about the corrosion characteristics of materials.

Chapter 3 discusses the design and implementation of a corrosion monitoring program. Topics include baseline monitoring, selecting an analytical laboratory, monitoring at the customer's tap, designing a monitoring program using utility employees and customers, and integrating water testing and occupancy certification.

Chapter 4 focuses on corrosion control assessment, including coupon tests, pipe loop tests, and electrochemical methodologies for corrosion measurement.

Chapter 5 addresses corrosion control strategies and includes an overview of control strategies as well as secondary effects.

Throughout, the document presents the experience of utilities in monitoring, assessment, and control strategies.

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