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  NATO/CCMS Pilot Study, Clean Products and Processes (Phase I), 1999 Annual Report, Number 238 (121 pp, 1.26 MB) (EPA/625/R-99/006) October 1999

The Committee on the Challenges to Modern Society (CCMS) was established by the Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1969. The mission of CCMS is to:

  • Develop meaningful programs that complement other international efforts
  • Share information among countries on important environmental and societal issues
  • Provide leadership in solving specific problems facing modern society

A fundamental role for CCMS is the transfer of technological and scientific solutions among nations facing similar environmental challenges.

Development is sustainable when human activities, including industrial manufacturing and commercial services, exist in harmony with the natural environment through conservation of resources and energy. The goal of reaching sustainable development is an increasingly important aspiration for the nations of the world.

With an increased demand for improved standards of living comes increasing industrialization and production. With an expanding global marketplace and the explosion of information technology, social pressures on industries to become "greener" are increasing. The challenge to nations and industries is the achievement of sustainability while successfully competing in a global marketplace. This CCMS pilot study on Clean Products and Processes was established to create an international forum for open discussion on applying cleaner industrial processes and producing cleaner products around the globe. By discussing, debating, and sharing current trends, developments, and expertise in the use of cleaner technologies and production of cleaner products, this pilot study will stimulate productive interactions among international experts.

The second meeting of the pilot study was held in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on March 21–25, 1999. This meeting capitalized on the momentum of the first year of the pilot study, focusing on progress made on several pilot projects being implemented by participating nations and building a program of collaborative endeavors, including information exchange and industrial participation in the pilot study. There were several lectures on significant developments in government programs, academic research, and industrial applications. This report presents the ideas and views shared by the delegates and invited participants at the Belfast meeting.


Dan Murray

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