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Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) Requirements

  For QA Categories 1 and 2, QAPPs must be prepared to meet the EPA requirements specified in EPA Requirements for QA Project Plans (QA/R-5) (PDF) (40 pp, 121 KB).

For QA Categories 3 and 4, QAPPs must be prepared to meet a subset of the above requirements, depending on the type of project, as specified in the following QAPP requirements lists.


QAPP Requirements Lists


Measurement Projects

A measurement project involves the performance of environmental measurements to

  1. demonstrate the performance of technologies under defined conditions
  2. monitor environmental parameters in order to characterize a particular population
  3. evaluate unproven theories or processes. The project may be bench-scale or field-scale.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for Measurement Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 101 KB)

Secondary Data Projects

A secondary data project involves the gathering and/or use of existing environmental data for purposes other than those for which they were originally collected.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for Secondary Data Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 90 KB)

Method Development Projects

A method development project is typically needed in situations for which there exists no standard or known method, or when an existing method needs to be modified to meet a project-specific need.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for Method Development Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 87 KB)

Software Development Projects

A software development project typically involves software (and often hardware) systems development and/or database design, including maintenance.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for Software Development Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 92 KB)

Design, Construction, and Operation of Technology Projects

A technology design, construction, and operation project involves the engineering activities performed in support of the development of an environmental technology. “Environmental technology” is an all-inclusive term used to describe pollution control devices and systems, waste treatment processes and storage facilities, and site remediation technologies and their components that may be utilized to remove pollutants or contaminants from or prevent them from entering the environment. Usually, this term will apply to hardware-based systems; however, it can also apply to general methods or techniques used for pollution prevention, source reduction, or containment of contamination to prevent further movement of the contaminants.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for the Design, Construction, and Operation of Environmental Technology Projects (PDF) (2 pp, 48 KB)

Research Model Development or Application Projects

A research model project is a study performed to develop a new model or apply an existing model to provide information to support non-regulatory environmental research or decision-making.

NRMRL QAPP Requirements for Research Model Development and Application Projects (PDF) (4 pp, 43 KB)


QAPP Preparation Tools

The following information can be used to assist in the development of QAPPs (under development).

QAPP References

Measurement Projects

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2002. Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans. EPA QA/G-5 (PDF) (111 pp, 402 KB) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Information.

Secondary Data Projects

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2000a. Using Data from Other Sources - A Checklist for Quality Concerns (PDF) (6 pp, 141 KB)U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Quality Staff.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2000b. Guidance on Systematic Planning using the Data Quality Objectives Process. EPA QA/G4. U.S. (PDF) (121 pp 1.61 MB) Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Information.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2002. Assessment factors for evaluating the quality of information from external sources [Draft]. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Information.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2003. Draft Guidance for Developing Ecological Soil Screening Levels (PDF) (87 pp, 2.85 MB)OSWER Directive 9285.7-55. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.

Fennell, D. B. 2002. A white paper on compiling and evaluating research information for existing use in ORD’s assessment documents [draft]. Research Triangle Park, NC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment-RTP Division; January 7.

Fink, A. 1998. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From Paper to the Internet. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Klimisch, H. J., Andreae, M., and Tillmann, U. 1997. A systematic approach for evaluating the quality of experimental toxicological and ecotoxicological data. Regulatory Toxicology Pharmacology 25:1–5.

Slavin, R. E. 1995. Best evidence synthesis: an intelligent alternative to meta analysis. J Clinical Epidemiology 48:9–18.

Method Development Projects

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1996. Guide to Method Flexibility and Approval of EPA Water Methods (PDF) (248 pp, 862 KB) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Analytical Methods Staff, Office of Water.

Software Development Projects

Black, R., Managing the Testing Process, Redmond, WA; Microsoft Press, 1999.

Dunn, R.H., Software Quality Concepts and Plans, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990.

Dunn, R.H. and Ullman, R.S., TQM for Computer Software (2nd edition), New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994.

Dustin, E., Quality Web Systems: Performance, Security, and Usability, New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 2002.

English, Larry P., Improving Data Warehouse and Business Information Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1999.

Ginac, F.P., Customer Oriented Software Quality Assurance, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.

Godbole, N.S., Software Quality Assurance: Principles and Practice, Oxford, UK: Alpha Science International, Ltd, 2004.

Horch, J.W., Practical Guide to Software Quality Management, Boston, MA: Artech House, 1996.

IEEE 2002. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans. Standard 730-2002. September 23, 2002.

Ince, D., An Introduction to Software Quality Assurance and its Implementation, New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994.

Jarvis, A. and Crandall, V., Inroads to Software Quality: "How To" Guide and Toolkit, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1997.

Lewis, W.E., Software Testing and Continuous Quality Improvement, Boca Raton, FL: Auerbach, 2000.

Luna, M., Systems Analysis and Design I http://www.math.yorku.ca/Who/Guests/mluna/2010/ITEC-2010-2.html , York University class notes, 2001.

Macro, A. and Buxton, J., The Craft of Software Engineering, New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1987.

Myers, G.M. et al., The Art of Software Testing (2nd Edition), New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.

NIST 1992. Software Quality Assurance: Documentation and Reviews. National Institute of Standards and Technology. NISTIR 4909.

Ould, M.A. and Unwin, C, Testing in Software Development, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Satzinger, J.W. et al., Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World (3rd Edition), Boston, MA: Course Technology, 2002.

Schlulmeyer, G.G. (ed.), Handbook of Software Quality Assurance (4th Edition), Norwood, MA: Artech House Publishers, 2007.

Sommerville, I., Software Engineering (8th Edition), New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 2006.

Design, Construction, and Operation of Environmental Technology Projects

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2005. Guidance on Quality Assurance for Environmental Technology Design, Construction, and Operation. EPA QA/G-11 (PDF) (86 pp, 244 KB) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Information.

Research Model Development and Application

Anderson, M.P. and W.W. Woessner, Applied Groundwater Modeling, New York, NY: Academic Press, 1992.

National Research Council Committee on Models in the Regulatory Decision Process, Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2007.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1991. Quality Assurance Guidelines for Modeling Development and Application Projects. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Research Laboratory.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2002. Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling. QA/G-5M (PDF) (121 pp, 615 KB) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Environmental Information.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2008. Guidance on the Development, Evaluation and Application of Environmental Models (PDF) (95 pp, 3.74 MB) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of the Science Advisor. EPA Publication Number not assigned (available at www.epa.gov/crem).

van der Heijde, Paul K.M. and Osman A. Elawawy, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in the Development and Application of Ground-Water Models. EPA/600/R-93/011. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ada, OK. 1992.

van der Heijde, Paul K.M., Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Groundwater Modeling. Holcomb Research Institute, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN: IGWMC Groundwater Modeling Publications, 1989.

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