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Biofuels

Introduction | Environmental Issue or Problem | Research Approach |
Clients and Collaborators | Projects | Selected Publications | Contact

Introduction

Through two efforts, EPA researchers are finding ways to make the biofuel production and supply chain more sustainable.

Environmental Issue or Problem

Biofuels are produced from renewable energy sources, such as agricultural resources. When used in place of imported fossil fuels, biofuels can help reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil.

The 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act called for increased biofuel production. The act also set the standard for renewable fuels to achieve at least a 20 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions relative to fossil fuels. Greenhouse gas emissions from renewable fuels are primarily due to feedstock production, conversion of the feedstock to fuel, and fuel use.

Research Approach

Green chemistry and engineering researchers and their collaborators are developing several membrane technologies in order to demonstrate at the pilot scale the recovery of ethanol from the fermentation of waste biomass. Simulations and experiments have shown that their separations have used less energy than traditional methods. Through cooperative research and development agreements, the researchers are working with several potential end-users to adapt the cost-effective technologies to more biofuel production processes.

A transdisciplinary team of sustainability metrics and life cycle assessment researchers is evaluating the environmental sustainability of existing and future liquid biofuels supply chains using environmental impact measures and sustainability metrics. To create sustainable biofuel supply chains and to produce design rules and guidelines for increased environmental sustainability, the team will use the results of their analysis, expert knowledge, and design methods.

Clients and Collaborators

Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.

Department of Energy – NETL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory

U.S. Department of Agriculture – Agriculture Research Service

Ohio State University

University of Illinois at Chicago

University of Arizona

University of Pittsburgh

Projects

Improving Biofuels Recovery Processes for Energy Efficiency and Sustainability

Selected Publications

L.M. Vane, F.R. Alvarez, Y. Huang, and R.W. Baker. (2010). "Experimental Validation of Hybrid Distillation-Vapor Permeation Process for Energy Efficient Ethanol-Water Separation." J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol, 85: 502–511.

Contact

Heriberto Cabezas
Biofuels: Sustainable Supply Chain
513-569-7350

Leland M. Vane
Biofuels: Green Chemistry and Engineering
513-569-7799

Risk Management Research: Air & Climate Change Research | Water Research | Ecosystems Restoration Research | Land Research | Technology Research: Sustainable Technology | Environmental Technology Verification Program (ETV) | Technology Assessments

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