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Water Demand and Demographic Changes

Factors such as population migration, urbanization, and economic development drive changes in the lifespan of the nation's water infrastructure.
Water Demand
Research Areas Wastewater Collection Adaptive Engineering Water Demand and Demographic Changes Climate Mitigation Sustainability Water Availability

What does the future hold for our water supplies? How can we adapt our water resources to secure water availability and protect water quality in a sustainable environment?

The Water Resource Adaptation Program (WRAP) contributes to EPA’s efforts to provide water resource managers and decision makers with the tools they need to adapt water resources (e.g., watersheds and infrastructure) to future climate change and demographic and economic development. WRAP research supports drinking water research and global change research in EPA’s Office of Research and Development. This Web site is intended for technical audiences.

Recent Publications

US EPA Proceedings: First National Expert and Stakeholder Workshop on Water Infrastructure Sustainability and Adaptation to Climate Change,
January 6-7, 2009, in Arlington, Virginia

US EPA Science Brief: "Water Resource Adaptation Program - Addressing the Multi-front Challenge Through Holistic Adaptations" (PDF) (2 pp, 1.5 Mb)Publication No. EPA/600/R-09/014.

Yang, Y.J. and J.A. Goodrich. (2008). “Timing and Prediction of Climate Change and Hydrological Impacts: Periodicity in Natural Variations .” Environmental Geology Exit EPA Disclaimer, DOI 10.1007/s00254-008-1392-z

Yang, Y.J. (2008). “Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources, and Water Supply Security Through Adaptation (PDF).” (36 pp, 4.56 MB)Presentation, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydroelectric Power Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, April.

Yang, J.Y., D.J. Murray, and J.A. Goodrich. (2008). “Water Resources Adaptation to Global Changes: Risk Management Through Sustainable Infrastructure Planning and Management (PDF).”  (12 pp, 1.84 MB)Presentation, Water Down Under 2008 including the 31st Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium and the 4th International Conference on Water Resources and Environment Research, Adelaide, Australia, April.

Global Change Research Program

US EPA. (2002) The Clean Water and Drinking Water Infrastructure Gap Analysis Publication No. EPA/816/R-02/020.

Sustainable Infrastructure for Water and Wastewater

Jeffrey Yang

Daniel J. Murray

Christopher Impellitteri
Related Links
Water Environment Federation (WEF) Exit EPA Disclaimer

Water Research Foundation (Formerly AwwaRF) Exit EPA Disclaimer

Global Water Research Coalition (GWRC) Exit EPA Disclaimer

To support the efforts of the Office of Research and Development to provide adaptation solutions for future climatic and socioeconomic changes by carefully examining the potential impacts on water resources and holistically developing adaptive methods and technologies.


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