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Legislative Requirements

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EPA's fleet management efforts are driven by five important mandates—Executive Order (EO) 13514, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), EO 13423, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct 1992).

Executive Order 13514

EO 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance," reinforces and builds upon existing legislation and Executive Orders. This order extends EO 13423's 2 percent annual petroleum reduction by an additional five years, for a 30 percent total reduction by FY 2020. The order also instructs subject federal fleets to encourage the use of low greenhouse gas (GHG)-emitting vehicles and alternative fuel vehicles and the right-sizing of fleet inventory. Agencies must also set Scope 1 (direct) GHG emissions reduction goals to be met by FY 2020.

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

EISA mandates that all light-duty or medium-duty passenger vehicles acquired by the government must be "low GHG-emitting vehicles," as determined by EPA. An exception can be made if a low GHG-emitting vehicle cannot meet the functional needs of the agency. EISA codifies the petroleum reduction goal of EO 13423 and also requires an increase of alternative fuel consumption by 1 percent annually, as calculated from an FY 2005 baseline.

Executive Order 13423

EO 13423, "Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management," was created to ensure that the federal government exercises leadership in advancing the nation’s energy security and environmental performance, which includes, among other goals, improvements in fleet fuel efficiency and increasing the use of AFVs. This order directs federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles within the United States to reduce their annual petroleum consumption by at least 2 percent annually by the end of FY 2015 (compared to FY 2005 levels). Agencies must also increase the use of alternative fuels by at least 10 percent annually (also compared to an FY 2005 baseline) and purchase alternative fuel, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicles when commercially available.

The Energy Policy Act of 2005

EPAct 2005 (PDF) (551 pp, 3.87MB, About PDF) amends EPAct 1992 to require that all dedicated and dual-fuel AFVs in covered federal fleets use alternative fuels at all times. The goal of this requirement is to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of federal motor vehicle fleets while encouraging the development of alternative fuel infrastructure throughout the nation. Certain fleets listed in EPAct 1992 are exempt from this requirement. Additionally, Section 701 of EPAct 2005 allows federal agencies to request alternative fuel use waivers from the Department of Energy due to lack of availability or unreasonably high costs of local alternative fuel.

The Energy Policy Act of 1992

EPAct 1992 (PDF) (393 pp, 1.1MB, About PDF) was created to increase the United States' energy security and reduce its dependence on foreign oil by increasing the use of alternative fuels. EPAct 1992 requires that 75 percent of new vehicles acquired by federal agencies must be AFVs. This applies to fleets that have 20 or more vehicles capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area with a population of more than 250,000, based on the 1980 census. Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements. For the past 10 fiscal years (FY 2000 through FY 2009) EPA has exceeded EPAct 1992's AFV acquisition requirement.

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