Federal Renewable Energy and Green Power Requirements
In This Section
Since fiscal year (FY) 2006, EPA has voluntarily exceeded its renewable energy consumption requirements by purchasing green power equal to 100 percent of Agency's estimated annual electricity consumption. The following federal statutes require EPA to use renewable energy and green power:
- Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)
- Executive Order (EO) 13423
- Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA)
- EO 13514
EPAct 2005 directs the federal government to increase its renewable energy use, with a goal of using renewable energy for the following percentages of total federal electricity consumption:
- 3 percent or more in FY 2007 through FY 2009
- 5 percent or more in FY 2010 through FY 2012
- 7.5 percent or more by FY 2013
Since FY 2006, EPA has purchased green power equal to 100 percent of the Agency's total estimated annual electricity consumption. Learn more about EPA's green power purchases.
EO 13423, "Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy and Transportation Management," reinforces the renewable energy goals of EPAct 2005 and adds the mandate that at least half of the green power usage requirements be met with energy from new renewable sources (those placed in service after January 1, 1999).
Section 523 of EISA requires at least 30 percent of the hot water demand in new federal buildings or major renovations to be met with solar hot water equipment if doing so is life cycle cost-effective.
EO 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance," directs federal agencies to consider, when setting a greenhouse gas emissions reduction target, increasing agency renewable energy use and onsite renewable energy projects. It also directs agencies to enhance efforts toward sustainable buildings and communities by aligning federal policies to increase the effectiveness of local planning for energy choices such as locally-generated renewable energy.