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Federal Renewable Energy and Green Power Requirements

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Since fiscal year (FY) 2006, EPA has voluntarily exceeded its renewable energy consumption requirements by purchasing green power equal to 100 percent of Agency's estimated annual electricity consumption. The following federal statutes require EPA to use renewable energy and green power:

Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)

EPAct 2005 directs the federal government to increase its renewable energy use, with a goal of using renewable energy for the following percentages of total federal electricity consumption:

Since FY 2006, EPA has purchased green power equal to 100 percent of the Agency's total estimated annual electricity consumption. Learn more about EPA's green power purchases.

Executive Order (EO) 13423

EO 13423, "Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy and Transportation Management," reinforces the renewable energy goals of EPAct 2005 and adds the mandate that at least half of the green power usage requirements be met with energy from new renewable sources (those placed in service after January 1, 1999).

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA)

Section 523 of EISA requires at least 30 percent of the hot water demand in new federal buildings or major renovations to be met with solar hot water equipment if doing so is life cycle cost-effective.

EO 13514

EO 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance," directs federal agencies to consider, when setting a greenhouse gas emissions reduction target, increasing agency renewable energy use and onsite renewable energy projects. It also directs agencies to enhance efforts toward sustainable buildings and communities by aligning federal policies to increase the effectiveness of local planning for energy choices such as locally-generated renewable energy.


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