Clean Air Act Compliance Monitoring
- New Source Performance Standards and State Implementation Plans
- National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) Air Toxics
- Stratospheric Ozone
- Wood Heaters
- 112(r) General Duty Clause and Risk Management Plans
- Mobile Sources
- Asbestos Demolition and Renovation
- Acid Rain inspection and trading programs
- Applicability Determination Index
EPA works with its federal, state and tribal regulatory partners to assure compliance with clean air laws and regulations in order to protect human health and the environment. The major federal law governing air quality is the Clean Air Act. Several different approaches are utilized by EPA. They include:
- New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and State Implementation Plans (SIP) - Consistent with EPA’s Clean Air Act Stationary Source Compliance Monitoring Strategy, NSPS sources that meet the Clean Air Act definition of “major source” generally receive a full compliance evaluation by the state or regional office at least once every two years
- National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPS) Air Toxics - Sources that meet the Clean Air Act definition of “major source” generally receive a full compliance evaluation by the state or regional office at least once every two years.
- Stratospheric Ozone including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) - EPA and U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulate the importation and exportation of stratospheric ozone products.
- Wood Heaters compliance and enforcement program - EPA certifies wood stoves and requires manufacturers to verify that each of their wood stove model lines meet a specific particulate emission limit by undergoing emission testing.
- 112(r) General Duty Clause (GDC) & Risk Management Plans (RMP) - EPA conducts inspections and RMP audits of facilities under the CAA 112(r) program. This is both a statutory and regulatory program designed to prevent chemical accidents and releases through a program of preparedness, response and prevention
- Mobile Sources - EPA reviews applications for emissions certificates and conducts inspections to address pollution from mobile sources.
- Asbestos Demolition and Renovation - EPA, state and local air program inspectors inspect renovation and demolition sites to determine compliance with the Asbestos National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)
- Acid Rain Inspection and Trading Program - The goal of this program is to achieve significant environmental and public health benefits through reductions in emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), the primary causes of acid rain.
- The Applicability Determination Index (ADI) is a database that contains memoranda issued by EPA on applicability and compliance issues associated with the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS), National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC)