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Oil Spill Prevention Compliance Monitoring

CWA Topics

Under the Clean Water Act Section 311, EPA regulates oil storage that meets a specific regulatory threshold. Facilities that store oil and meet the regulatory threshold need to prepare and implement a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures (SPCC) Plan which needs to be reviewed and approved by a professional engineer. Additionally, facilities with larger oil storage capacity may have to prepare and implement a Facility Response Plan.


EPA conducts inspections to ensure that oil storage facilities comply with the regulations. EPA regional personnel periodically go on-site to inspect facilities subject to the Oil Pollution Prevention regulation. Inspections are:

During inspections, EPA inspectors generally:

EPA inspectors may also provide information to educate owners and operators about the regulations and methods for ensuring compliance. Inspections may be either announced or unannounced depending on the regional policy in place and the specific facility to be inspected.

Additional information on the Oil Spill Prevention and Response Program

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Compliance Assistance | Compliance Monitoring | Compliance Incentives


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