You have completed the Environmental Assessment module. Let's pause for a moment and review what you've learned.
An EA is a concise public document prepared to provide sufficient data and analysis to determine whether to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). As the grant applicant you may be requested to provide an EID or Draft EA to support the NEPA Environmental Review Process.
The basic components of an EA include:
- Purpose and need for the proposed action. Proposed action.
- Alternatives considered (including the "no action" alternative).
- Affected environment (including baseline conditions). Environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives.
- Agencies and persons consulted.
- Any mechanism (for example, special grant conditions) needed to ensure that mitigation is carried out.
EPA decides whether to issue a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) based on an EA or to move forward with an Environmental Impact Statement based on the project's level of impacts. If an EA is prepared, EPA proceeds with grant award after issuing the Final FONSI.