Round 2-4c: Refining CERCLIS
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System (CERCLIS) is an automated inventory of site information for potential or confirmed hazardous waste sites addressed under the Superfund program. Over 46,000 sites have been added to CERCLIS, although most of these have been evaluated and do not require further federal Superfund work. Prior to this reform, Agency site inventory reports combined these sites with those needing further evaluation or cleanup. As a result, a perceived threat of Superfund liability was associated with many sites no longer of federal Superfund interest. EPA addressed this issue by implementing the CERCLIS archiving effort in early 1995 as part of the Agency's Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative.
The CERCLIS archiving effort initiated a means to designate sites in the CERCLIS inventory as "archive." An archive designation means that a site does not require cleanup under the federal Superfund program based on information available at the time of the designation. Additional Superfund assessment work at an archive site may be necessary if site conditions change or if new information warranting further Superfund attention is identified. An archive designation does not necessarily mean a site is free of contamination; rather, it focuses on EPA's cleanup intentions at sites addressed under the federal Superfund program.
Implementation of this reform is complete.
EPA initially archived 24,000 sites in early 1995. Guidance supporting the archiving of sites on a continuous basis was initially distributed in June 1995. This guidance was updated with the release of the October 1996 Archive Guidelines document. Minor modifications to this guidance have been included in successive versions of EPA's Superfund/Oil Program Implementation Manual.
Approximately 34,000 sites have been assigned an archive designation, of which approximately 147 were archived through August FY04 FY05. View the current list of archive sites.
Republic Steel, Buffalo, NY
Archiving clarifies EPA's involvement at sites addressed under the federal Superfund program and can serve as a key variable in redevelopment decisions. For example, after removing the Republic Steel site in Buffalo, NY from CERCLIS, the ATDM Corporation in partnership with Village Farms of Buffalo, NY agreed to cleanup up a portion of the site in 1997 for use as a 25-acre hydroponic tomato farm.
Title: Fact Sheet: Archival of CERCLIS Sites
Date: April 1997
Document #: EPA 500-F-97-089
Synopsis: This fact sheet summarizes the archiving of CERCLIS sites.
Title: Memorandum: Archiving CERCLIS Sites
Date: November 13, 1996
Synopsis: This memorandum describes how the EPA Regions should respond to public requests for CERCLIS information and develop follow-up activities to encourage economic redevelopment of no further remedial action planned (NFRAP) sites.
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Title: CERCLIS Archive Guidelines
Date: October 1996
Synopsis: This document updates the June 1995 version of the CERCLIS Archive Guidelines and applies to sites currently included in, or subsequently added to, the CERCLIS inventory. It outlines the major changes for this version of the guidelines.
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Title: Memorandum: Transmittal of CERCLIS Archive Materials: Site Lists and Guidelines
Date: July 14, 1995
Synopsis: This memorandum transmits archived site listings and other materials that are useful in making additional archive determinations.
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Title: Memorandum: Refining CERCLIS Archive Determinations
Date: July 6, 1995
Synopsis: This memorandum identifies possible enforcement-related sites that may be appropriate for archival from CERCLIS. It also transmits guidance to assist in evaluating and archiving appropriate sites.
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Title: Memorandum: Removing RCRA Facilities from CERCLIS
Date: June 21, 1995
Synopsis: This memorandum explains why certain Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) facilities should be archived from CERCLIS. It also transmits guidance to assist in evaluating and archiving these sites.
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Title: CERCLIS Archive Background and Guidelines
Date: June 15, 1995
Synopsis: This document provides guidelines intended to assist the EPA Regions in consistent completion of the site level archive fields recently added to WasteLAN.
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Title: CERCLIS Definition Change
Date: March 29, 1995
Document #: 60 FR 16053
Synopsis: This Federal Register announces EPA's decision to remove from CERCLIS those sites that EPA has decided do not warrant further evaluation under Superfund.
Title: Memorandum: Removal of NFRAP Sites from CERCLIS (updated)
Date: February 15, 1995
Synopsis: This memorandum updates another memo that was released on February 7, 1995. It transmits revisions to the suggested language for responses to Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests related to the removal of no further remedial action planned (NFRAP) sites from CERCLIS.
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Title: Memorandum: Removal of NFRAP Sites from CERCLIS
Date: February 7, 1995
Synopsis: This memorandum describes the anticipated archival of 25,000 no further remedial action planned (NFRAP) sites from CERCLIS, in accordance with a recent announcement from the Administrator. It also explains how the EPA Regions should respond to public requests for CERCLIS information and encourages the development of follow-up activities to promote economic redevelopment of no further remedial action planned (NFRAP) sites.
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