|Introduction | Authors & Acknowledgments|
Purpose of Report
Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in cooperation with the States and other agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is responsible for regulating the production and use of pesticides in the United States. This report provides contemporary and historical economic information on the U.S. pesticide producing and using sectors covered by these state and federal regulatory programs. Economic profile information covers a variety of topics, particularly the pesticide market with respect to dollar values and quantities of active ingredient. The EPA Pesticide Program has issued such market reports since 1979.
This report is intended only to present objective economic profile and trend information reflecting the best available information on pesticide sales and use. It does not attempt to interpret, reach conclusions about, or make inferences about the data. Detailed analysis of causal factors or implications, such as potential impacts on human health, the environment, or the economy, falls beyond the scope of this project.
We caution the reader not to infer too much from changes in the amount of pesticides used from year to year. Changes in the amount of pesticides used are not necessarily correlated to changes in the level of pest control or changes in the human health and environmental risks associated with pesticide use.
Neither EPA nor any other agency has a program devoted specifically to estimating the overall pesticide market in terms of dollars spent and quantity of active ingredient used on an annual basis. This report uses the best available information from the public domain and proprietary sources. The numbers in the report represent approximate values rather than precise values with known statistical properties.
The Agency has a wide variety of public and proprietary information upon which to base estimates of pesticide sales and use. The Pesticide Data Center in the Biological and Economic Analysis Division (BEAD) of EPA¬'s Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) maintains extensive files and library materials. These materials cover different pesticide types and groupings in the agricultural market sector, which account for a majority of the use of conventional pesticides, and in non-agricultural market sectors. The Agency uses three national database services for the agricultural sector, including one from the USDA, and a number of more specific data sources. Similar data sources cover the non-agricultural sectors. EPA also uses proprietary data sources, with vendor permission, to estimate agricultural and non-agricultural market sectors. These proprietary data sources, produced by well-known organizations, also serve pesticide registrants and other private sector firms analyzing the U.S. pesticide market.
Overview of Contents/Scope of Report
This report profiles the U.S. pesticide industry for the years 2000 and 2001. Data, estimated using several different parameters (e.g., pesticide type, pesticide group, market sector), appear in tabular format. The scope of the report is largely inclusive of the U.S. pesticide industry and includes data on expenditures, volume, imports, exports, firms, individuals involved in production and use of pesticides, number of pesticides, and number of certified applicators, among other topics. The report includes graphical representations of the data where useful. Although most of the information covers the years 2000 and 2001, this report also includes a historical section.
Following this Introduction (Section 1), Section 2 summarizes U.S. and world pesticide user expenditures in 2000 and 2001, and Section 3 summarizes U.S. and world pesticide amounts used in 2000 and 2001. Section 4 presents background information on pesticide market sectors. Finally, Section 5 presents historical data summarizing pesticide expenditures and estimates of amount used since 1982.
The writing of the 2002 and 2003 pesticides industry sales and usage report is scheduled to begin once all of the supporting pesticide sales and usage data for 2003 are published (Fall 2004). If you have questions regarding this report or need further information, please contact the authors at the following address:
Biological and Economic Analysis Division