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2000-2001 Pesticide Market Estimates: Sales

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2.1  World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures

World pesticide expenditures totaled more than $32.5 billion in 2000 and nearly $32.0 billion in 2001 (see Table 2.1). Expenditures on herbicides accounted for the largest portion of total expenditures (more than 40%), followed by expenditures on insecticides, fungicides, and other pesticides, respectively. Total expenditures were down in 2001 due to decreased spending on all pesticide types.

U.S. pesticide expenditures totaled more than $11 billion in 2000 and 2001, in proportions similar to those of world expenditures, with a relatively larger proportion of total U.S. expenditures on herbicides (see Figure 2.1). U.S. expenditures accounted for more than 33% of total world expenditures on pesticides, more than 40% of world expenditures on herbicides, more than 33% of world expenditures on insecticides, and more than 10% and 25% of world expenditures on fungicides and other pesticides, respectively.2 The Agency based its estimates of world and U.S. pesticide expenditures on the estimated pesticide expenditures and estimated changes in pesticide expenditures by type derived from public and proprietary EPA databases. See Section 2.3 for a more detailed look at U.S. expenditures on pesticides in 2000 and 2001.

Table 2.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures
User Level by Pesticide Type, 2000 and 2001 Estimates
Year World Market U.S. Market U.S. Percent of
World Market
Type Mil $ % Mil $ %
2000
Herbicides (1) $14,319 44% $6,365 57%
44%
Insecticides (2) $9,102 28% $3,129 28%
34%
Fungicides (2) $6,384 19% $860 8%
13%
Other (3) $2,964 9% $811 7%
27%
Total $32,769 100% $11,165 100%
34%
2001
Herbicides (1) $14,118 44% $6,410 58%
45%
Insecticides (2) $8,763 28% $3,124 28%
36%
Fungicides (2) $6,027 19% $835 8%
14%
Other (3) $2,848 9% $721 7%
25%
Total $31,756 100% $11,090 100%
35%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, Cropnosis Limited data, and EPA proprietary data.
(1) "Herbicides" include herbicides and plant growth regulators.
(2) "Insecticides" and "fungicides" exclude sulfur and petroleum oil.
(3) "Other" includes nematicides, fumigants, rodenticides, mulluscicides, aquatic and fish/bird pesticides, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, plus other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Figure 2.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures
User Level by Pesticide Type, 2001 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2001 estimates as presented in Table 2.1)

2.2  Value of U.S. Pesticides: Producer Level

Table 2.2 summarizes the 2000 and 2001 average U.S. value of pesticides at the producer level, including production, import, export, and supply (total and net). Pesticide sales related to U.S. production and consumption of pesticides comprised $9.3 billion of domestic production, $1.0 billion of imports, $1.6 billion of exports, and $8.7 billion of net supply at the producer level.

Table 2.2
Value of U.S. Pesticide Production, Imports,
Exports, and Supply
At Producer Level
Category Annual Sales Value (Billions of Dollars)
Average of 2000 and 2001
Production
9.3
Imports
1.0
Total Supply
10.3
Exports
1.6
Net Supply
8.7

Note: Excludes industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. Includes conventional pesticides and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA Foreign Agricultural Service's Trade Internet System exit EPA disclaimer, and EPA proprietary data.

2.3  Pesticide Expenditures in the U.S.: Users

U.S. expenditures at the user level for conventional and other pesticides totaled more than $11 billion in both 2000 and 2001 (see Table 2.3). The conventional and other pesticides included in the estimates are herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, nematicides, fumigants, sulfur, petroleum oil, and others. The estimates exclude expenditures on specialty biocides, wood preservatives, and chlorine/hypochlorites.

Reductions in spending in the agricultural sector on all pesticide types more than offset increases in spending in the non-agricultural sectors (industry/commercial/government, home and garden) in 2001, resulting in a decline in total 2001 expenditures. Expenditures in the agriculture sector accounted for more than twothirds of total expenditures in both years. Herbicide expenditures dominated in all sectors except the home and garden sector, where insecticides comprised nearly 60% of all expenditures (see Figure 2.2). The estimated expenditures rely on the estimated changes in pesticide expenditures by sector and type provided in public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 2.3
User Expenditures on Pesticides in the U.S.
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2000 and 2001 Estimates
Year Herbicides/ Plant Growth Regulators Insecticides/ Miticides Fungicides  Other(1 Total
Market Sector Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
% Mil
$
%
2000
Agriculture $5,007 79% $1,411 45% $647 75% $547 67% $7,612
68%
Ind/
Comm/ Gov
$762 12% $468 15% $172 20% $83 10% $1,485
13%
Home & Garden $596 9% $1,250 40% $41 5% $181 22% $2,068
19%
Total $6,365 100% $3,129 100% $860 100% $811 100% $11,165
100%
2001
Agriculture $4,987 78% $1,326 42% $615 74% $476 66% $7,404
67%
Ind/
Comm/ Gov
$792 12% $510 16% $172 21% $61 8% $1,535
14%
Home & Garden $631 10% $1,288 41% $48 6% $184 26% $2,151
19%
Total $6,410 100% $3,124 100% $835 100% $721 100% $11,090
100%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover industrial wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.
Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys and EPA proprietary data.
See Table 5.1 to Table 5.4 for 1982-2001 estimates.
(1) “Other” includes nematicides, fumigants, rodenticides, molluscicides, aquatic and fish/bird pesticides, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, plus other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Figure 2.2
User Expenditures on Pesticides in the U.S.
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2001 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2001 estimates as presented in Table 2.3)

2.4  Pesticide and Farm Expenditures in the U.S.

Pesticides are an important component of total farm expenditures and are integral to farm budgeting and management. U.S. pesticide expenditures in 2000 and 2001 totaled 3.9% and 3.7% of total farm expenditures, respectively (see Table 2.4). Total farm expenditures increased slightly in 2001 while pesticide expenditures declined. Total farm expenditures are based on USDA estimates and pesticide expenditure estimates from Table 2.3.

Table 2.4
Farm Production Expenditures in the U.S.
(Billions $)

Expenditure 2000 2001
Pesticides
$7.6
$7.4
Total
$193.6
$200.8
Pesticides as % of Total
3.9%
3.7%
Source: EPA Estimates (Table 2.3); USDA/ National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) exit EPA disclaimer.
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