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2006-2007 Pesticide Market Estimates: Sales

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2.1  World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures

World pesticide expenditures totaled more than $35.8 billion in 2006 and more than $39.4 billion in 2007 See Table 2.1). Expenditures on herbicides accounted for the largest portion of total expenditures (approximately 40%), followed by expenditures on insecticides, fungicides, and other pesticides, respectively. Total expenditures increased in 2007 due to increased spending on all pesticide types.

U.S. pesticide expenditures totaled $11.8 billion in 2006 and $12.5 billion in 2007, in proportions similar to those of world expenditures, with a relatively larger proportion of total U.S. expenditures on herbicides (see Figure 2.1). In 2007, U.S. expenditures accounted for 32% of total world on pesticides, 38% of world expenditures on herbicides, 39% of world expenditures on insecticides, 15% of world expenditures on fungicides, and 25% of world expenditures on other pesticides. The Agency based its estimates of world and U.S. pesticide expenditures on the estimated pesticide expenditures and changes in pesticide expenditures from public and proprietary EPA databases. See Section 2.3 for a more detailed look at U.S. expenditures on pesticides in 2006 and 2007. See Section 5.1 for historical data on U.S. pesticide expenditures from 1988 to 2007.

Table 2.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures at User Level
By Pesticide Type, 2006 and 2007 Estimates
Year World Market U.S. Market U.S. Percentage of
World Market
Type Mil $ % Mil $ %
2006
Herbicides (1) 14,247 40 5,673 48
40
Insecticides 10,259 29 4,091 35
40
Fungicides 7,987 22 1,165 10
15
Other (2) 3,320 9 855 7
26
Total 35,814 100 11,784 100
33
2007
Herbicides (1) 15,512 39 5,856 47
38
Insecticides 11,158 28 4,337 35
39
Fungicides 9,216 23 1,375 11
15
Other (2) 3,557 9 886 7
25
Total 39,443 100 12,454 100
32

Note:Totals may not add due to rounding. Table data do not cover wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.

Source: Source: Cropnosis Limited (www.cropnosis.com), USDA/NASS, and EPA proprietary data.
(1) “Herbicides” include herbicides and plant growth regulators (PGRs).
(2) “Other” includes nematicides, fumigants, and other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, plus other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Figure 2.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Expenditures
User Level by Pesticide Type, 2007 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2007 estimates as presented in Table 2.1)

2.2  Value of U.S. Pesticides: Producer Level

Table 2.2 summarizes the 2006 and 2007 average value of U.S. pesticides at the producer level. The table includes production, import, export, and supply (total and net). There was an annual average of $9.8 billion from domestic pesticide production, $1.6 billion imports, $2.1 billion exports, and $9.3 billion net supply at the producer level for 2006 and 2007.

Table 2.2
Value of U.S. Pesticide Production, Imports, Exports, and Supply
At Producer Level
Category Annual Sales (Billions of Dollars)
Average of 2006 and 2007
Production
9.8
Imports
1.6
Total Supply
11.4
Exports
2.1
Net Supply
9.3

Note:Excludes wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. Includes conventional pesticides and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Source: USDA/FAS

2.3  Pesticide Expenditures in the U.S.: Users

U.S. expenditures at the user level for conventional and other pesticides totaled $11.8 billion in 2006 and $12.5 billion in 2007 (see Table 2.3). Pesticides included in the estimates are herbicides, plant growth regulators, insecticides, miticides, fungicides, nematicides, fumigants, sulfur, petroleum oil, and others. The estimates exclude expenditures on wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.

Increase in spending in the agricultural sector on all pesticide types and increases in spending in the non-agricultural sectors (industry/commercial/government and home and garden) in 2007 resulted in an increase in total 2007 expenditures. Expenditures in the agriculture sector accounted for nearly two-thirds of total expenditures in both years. Expenditures on herbicides and plant growth regulators dominated in all sectors except the home and garden sector, where insecticides comprised more than 60% of all expenditures. The Agency based its estimates of U.S. pesticide expenditures on the estimated pesticide expenditures and estimated changes in pesticide expenditures from public and proprietary EPA databases. See Section 5.1 for historical data on U.S. pesticide expenditures from 1988 to 2007.

As a result of limitations in the source data on U.S. pesticide expenditures, estimates provided in Table 2.3 group nematicides and fumigants, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, and other chemicals used as pesticides into the “Other” category. Estimates of pounds of nematicides and fumigants, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, and other chemicals used as pesticides are provided in Section 3 (see Table 3.4 and Table 3.11).

Table 2.3
User Expenditures on Pesticides in the United States
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2006 and 2007 Estimates
Year Herbicides/
Plant Growth
Regulators
Insecticides/
Miticides
Fungicides  Other(1 Total
Market Sector Mil $ % Mil $ % Mil $ % Mil $ % Mil $ %
2006
Agriculture 4,077 72 1,830 45 861 74 571 67 7,339
62
Ind/Comm/Gov 873 15 694 17 240 21 71 8 1,878
16
Home & Garden 723 13 1,567 38 64 5 213 25 2,567
22
Total 5,673 100 4,091 100 1,165 100 855 100 11,784
100
2007
Agriculture 4,211 72 1,999 46 1,066 78 593 67 7,869
63
Ind/Comm/Gov 896 15 709 16 243 18 73 8 1,921
15
Home & Garden 749 13 1,629 38 66 5 220 25 2,664
21
Total 5,856 100 4,337 100 1,375 100 886 100 12,454
100

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. Due to lack of data resources, the home and garden market sector estimates for 2006 and 2007 as well as the industrial/ commercial/ government sector’s estimate for 2007 were calculated based on the percentage change from 2004 and 2005 data. See Section 5.1 for 2004 and 2005 data. See Tables 5.1 to 5.4 for 1988–2007 estimates.

Source: EPA estimates based on USDA/NASS and EPA proprietary data.
(1) “Other” includes nematicides, fumigants, other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Figure 2.2
User Expenditures on Pesticides in the U.S.
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2007 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Dollars by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2007 estimates as presented in Table 2.3)

2.4  Farm Expenditures on Pesticides in the United States

Pesticides are a significant component of total farm expenditures and an important element of farm budgeting and management. U.S. pesticide expenditures in 2006 and 2007 totaled 3.1% and 2.8% of total farm expenditures, respectively (see Table 2.4). Both farm expenditures and pesticides expenditures increased in 2007. Total farm expenditures are based on USDA estimates, and pesticide expenditure estimates are based on Table 2.3.

Table 2.4
Farm Expenditures on Pesticides in the United States
(Billions $)

Expenditure 2006 2007
Total
$237.8
$283.5
Pesticides
$7.3
$7.9
Pesticides as % of Total
3.1%
2.8%

Source: EPA estimates based on Table 2.3 and USDA/NASS.

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