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2006-2007 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage (Page 2)

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Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.4 Amount of Pesticides Used in the United States: Conventional

Table 3.4 shows that the amount of conventional pesticide used in 2006 and 2007 totaled 821 and 857 million pounds of active ingredient, respectively. This category of pesticide use was third highest among all pesticide groups in the United States after chlorine/hypochlorites and wood preservatives. Table 3.4 shows the breakout of this use by pesticide type and market sector. Pesticide types in this group include herbicides, plant growth regulators (PGRs), insecticides, miticides, fungicides, nematicides, fumigants, and others. The amount used in the agricultural sector accounted for the majority of the total amount used in 2006 and 2007, with the two non-agricultural sectors (industry/commercial/government and home & garden) cumulatively accounting for approximately one-fifth of the total use in each year (see Table 3.4). The amount used in the agriculture sector also accounted for the majority of the total amount used by pesticide type—70% or more of the total amount used of each type, except for fungicides in 2006 (63%) and 2007 (63%). Figure 3.3 graphs the distribution of use by pesticide type and sector in 2007. The estimated use levels rely on the estimated amount used and changes in amount used of conventional pesticides by sector and type derived from public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.4
Amount of Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredient Used in the United States
by Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2006 and 2007 Estimates
(Totals only; see additional details from Table 3.4)

Year
Total
Sector Mil lbs %
2006
Agriculture 643 78%
Ind/Comm/Gov 107 13%
Home & Garden 71 9%
Total 821 100%
2007
Agriculture 684 80%
Ind/Comm/Gov 107 12%
Home & Garden 66 8%
Total 857 100%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Table does not cover wood preservatives, specialty biocides, chlorine/hypochlorites, and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Source: EPA estimates based on USDA/NASS and EPA proprietary data. See Tables 5.5 to 5.8 for 1988–2007 estimates.
* “Other Conventional” pesticides include rodenticides and other miscellaneous conventional pesticides.

Figure 3.3
Amount of Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredient Used in the United States
By Pesticide Type and Market Sector, 2007 Estimates
Bar Chart: Millions of Pounds by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2007 estimates as presented in Table 3.4)

3.5  Share of U.S. Amount of Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredient Used in the Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Market Sectors

Table 3.5 shows the agricultural and non-agricultural market share of total conventional pesticides consumed in 2006 and 2007. The agricultural sector accounts for nearly 80% of the total amount of conventional pesticides used in both years. See Table 5.9 in Section 5.2 for historical data covering the years 1970 through 2007.

Table 3.5
Share of U.S. Amount of Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredient Used in the Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Market Sectors, 2006 and 2007 Estimates

Year U.S. Agricultural
Market Sector
Non-Agricultural
Market Sector
  Mil lbs Mil lbs % of U.S. Mil lbs % of U.S.
2006 821 643 78 178 22
2007 857 684 80 173 20

Note:Table data include conventional pesticides only, and exclude sulfur, petroleum oil, and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfuric acid and insect repellents), wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. See Table 5.9 for 1970–2007 data.

Source: EPA estimates based on Table 3.4.

3.6  Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredients in the U.S. Agricultural Market Sector

Table 3.6 shows the 25 most commonly used conventional pesticide active ingredients in the agricultural
sector in 2007 and selected earlier years. Glyphosate was the most used active ingredient in 2007 (180 million
to 185 million pounds used). It has been the most used active ingredient in agriculture since 2001. Thirteen
of the top 25 active ingredients used in the agricultural sector are herbicides; 3 are fungicides; 3 are insecticides;
5 are fumigants; and 1 is a plant growth regulator. The rankings rely on the estimated pounds of conventional
pesticides used in the agricultural sector, taken from public and proprietary databases.

Table 3.6
Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredients,
Agricultural Market Sector, 2007, 2005, 2003, and 2001 Estimates
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)

Active Ingredient Type
2007
2005
2003
2001
Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range  
Glyphosate H 1 180-185 1 155-160 1 128-133 1 85-90  
Atrazine H 2 73-78 2 70-75 2 75-80 2 74-80  
Metam Sodium Fum 3 50-55 3 39-44 3 45-50 3 57-62  
Metolachlor-S H 4 30-35 5 27-32 6 28-33 9 20-24  
Acetochlor H 5 28-33 6 26-31 5 30-35 4 30-35  
Dichloropropene Fum 6 27-32 4 30-35 7 20-24 8 20-25  
2,4-D H 7 25-29 7 24-28 4 30-35 5 28-33  
Methyl Bromide Fum 8 11-15 8 12-16 8 13-17 7 20-25  
Chloropicrin Fum 9 9-11 10 9-12 9 9-12 18 5-9  
Pendimenthalin H 10 7-9 9 9-12 10 9-12 11 15-19  
Ethephon PGR 11 7-9 11 8-10 15 6-7 21 5-8  
Chlorothalonil F 12 7-9 13 7-9 14 7-9 13 8-11  
Metam Potassium Fum 13 7-9 20 4-6 20 4-6 1-2  
Chlorpyrifos I 14 7-9 15 6-8 13 7-9 15 8-11  
Copper Hydroxide F 15 6-8 12 8-10 12 7-9 14 8-10  
Simazine H 16 5-7 17 5-7 17 6-7 23 5-7  
Trifluralin H 17 5-7 14 7-9 11 8-10 12 12-16  
Propanil H 18 4-6 18 4-6 18 5-7 17 6-9  
Mancozeb F 19 4-6 16 6-8 16 6-7 20 6-8  
Aldicarb I 20 3-4 21 3-5 25 4-6 3-5  
Acephate I 21 2-4 24 2-4 1-3 1-3  
Diuron H 22 2-4 19 4-6 21 4-6 3-6  
MCPA H 23 2-4 2-4 24 4-6 3-5  
Paraquat H 24 2-4 25 2-4 3-4 3-5  
Dimethenamid H 25 2-4 2-4 23 4-6 19 6-8  

Note: List is limited to conventional pesticides and does not include sulfur and petroleum oil (see Table 3.11). H indicates herbicide; I, insecticide; Fum, fumigant; F, fungicide; and PGR, plant growth regulator. A dash (—) indicates that the pesticide was not one of the 25 most commonly used (pesticides) in the given year.

Source: EPA estimates based on USDA/NASS and EPA proprietary data.

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