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2006-2007 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage (Page 3)

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Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.7  Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredients in the U.S. Non-Agricultural Market Sectors

Table 3.7 and Table 3.8 show the 10 most commonly used conventional pesticide active ingredients in the two non-agricultural sectors (home & garden and industry/commercial/government) for 2007 and selected earlier years. In both sectors, 2,4-D was the most used active ingredient, with between 8 and 11 million pounds used in the home and garden sector (see Table 3.7) and between 19 and 22 million pounds used in the industry/ commercial/government sector (see Table 3.8). Seven of the top 10 active ingredients used in the home and garden sector are herbicides, and three are insecticides. Six of the top 10 active ingredients used in the industry/ commercial/government sector are herbicides, two are fungicides, and two are insecticides. As noted in Table 3.8, because some applicators apply pesticides in both markets, there may be some usage reported in one market that may have occurred in the other. The rankings are based on EPA proprietary data.

Table 3.7
Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredient
Home and Garden Market Sector, 2007, 2005, 2003, and 2001 Estimates
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)

Active Ingredient Type
2007 & 2005
2003
2001
 
Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range  
2,4-D H 1 8-11 1 8-11 1 8-11  
Glyphosate H 2 5-8 5 5-8 2 5-8  
Carbaryl I 3 4-6 2 6-9 6 2-4  
MCPP H 4 4-6 3 5-8 5 4-6  
Pendimethalin H 5 3-5 4 5-8 3 3-6  
Pyrethroids I 6 2-4 7 2-4 <1  
Malathion I 7 2-4 6 3-6 8 2-4  
Dicamba H 8 1-3 9 1-3 7 2-4  
Trifluralin H 9 1-3 <1 <1  
Pelarganoc Acid H 10 <1 <1 <1  

Note: Does not include moth controls: Paradiclorobenzene (30–35 million pounds per year) and naphthalene (2–4 million pounds per year). Also does not include insect repellent N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (5–7 million pounds per year). H indicates herbicide, and I indicates insecticide. A dash (—) indicates that an estimate is not available. Due to lack of data, the same estimates are used for both 2005 and 2007 in this report.

Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.

Table 3.8
Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredients
Industry/Commercial/Government Market Sector, 2007, 2005, 2003, and 2001 Estimates
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)

Active Ingredient Type
2007 & 2005
2003
2001
 
Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range  
2,4-D H 1 19-22 1 19-22 1 16-18  
Glyphosate H 2 13-15 2 13-15 2 13-15  
Chlorothalanil F 3 3-5 4 3-5 5 2-4  
MSMA H 4 2-4 5 3-5 8 2-4  
Diuron H 5 2-4 6 2-4 7 2-4  
Pendimethalin H 6 2-4 8 2-4 4 3-5  
Triclopyr H 7 2-4 7 2-4 9 1-3  
Copper Sulfate F 8 2-4 3 4-6 3 4-6  
Malathion I 9 1-3 9 1-3 10 1-3  
Sulfuryl fluoride I 10 1-3 10 1-3  

Note: Includes applications to homes and gardens by professional applicators. Does not include sulfur or petroleum oil. H indicates herbicide; I, insecticide; and F, fungicide. A dash (—) indicates that an estimate is not available. Due to lack of data, the same estimate is used for both 2005 and 2007 in this report.

Source: EPA estimates based on EPA proprietary data.

3.8  Amount of Organophosphate Insecticides Used in the United States

Table 3.9 Table 3.9 shows the total amount of organophosphate insecticide used annually since 1990. The top 10 active ingredients used in 2007 in this pesticide class are chlorpyrifos, malathion, acephate, naled, dicrotophos, phosmet, phorate, diazinon, dimethoate, and azinphos-methyl (see Table 3.10). Since the passage of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) in 1996, this class of conventional pesticides has been a primary focus of EPA reregistration and registration review activities. For more information on the active ingredients included in this pesticide class and their registration status, refer to U.S. EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs Special Docket EPA-HQ-OPP-2007-0151 at www.regulations.gov.

The amount of organophosphate insecticides used has declined more than 60% since 1990, from an estimated 85 million pounds in 1990 to 33 million pounds in 2007 (see Table 3.9). Organophosphate use as a percent of total insecticide use has decreased from 70% in 1990 to 36% in 2007. The estimates of organophosphate insecticide use rely on the estimated amount used and changes in the amount used of organophosphates from public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.9
Amount of Organophosphate Insecticide Active Ingredients Used in the United States
All Market Sectors, 1990–2007 Estimates

Year All Insecticides
Organophosphates
  Mil lbs Mil lbs % of All Insecticides
1980
228
131
57
1985
161
114
71
1990
121
85
70
1991
114
82
72
1992
116
84
72
1993
115
79
69
1994
124
83
67
1995
125
80
64
1996
116
75
65
1997
112
73
65
1998
103
66
64
1999
126
91
72
2000
122
88
72
2001
105
73
70
2002
130
59
45
2003
115
46
40
2004
114
46
40
2005
104
40
39
2006
99
37
38
2007
93
33
35

Note: EPA estimates based on USDA/NASS and EPA proprietary data.

Figure 3.4
Total Amount of Organophosphate and All Other Insecticide Active Ingredients Used in the United States
All Market Sectors, 1990–2007

Stacked Area Chart: Millions of Pounds by Year. (This chart depicts the data as presented in Table 3.9)

Table 3.10
Most Commonly Used Organophosphate Insecticide Active Ingredients
All Market Sectors, 2007, 2005, 2003, and 2001 Estimates
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)

Active Ingredient
2007
2005
2003
2001
 
Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range Rank Range  
Chlorpyrifos 1 8-11 2 7-9 2 9-11 2 11-16  
Malathion 2 5-9 1 11-13 1 11-13 1 23-32  
Acephate 3 4-6 3 4-6 5 2-4 5 2-3  
Naled 4 1-2 5 1-2 7 1-2  
Dicrotophos 5 1-2 7 1-2  
Phosmet 6 1-2 4 1-2 6 1-2 8 1-2  
Phorate 7 1-2 6 1-2 9 1-2 6 2-3  
Diazinon 8 <1 8 <1 3 3-5 3 4-7  
Dimethoate 9 <1 10 <1 10 1-2  
Azinphos-Methyl 10 <1 9 <1 8 1-2 9 1-2  

Note:A dash (—) indicates that an estimate is not available.

Source: EPA estimates based on USDA/NASS and EPA proprietary data.

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