|Introduction | Authors & Acknowledgments|
Purpose of Report
Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), EPA, in cooperation with the states and other agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is responsible for regulating the production and use of pesticides in the U.S. This report provides contemporary and historical economic information on the U.S. pesticide producing and using sectors covered by these state and Federal regulatory programs. Economic profile information covers a variety of topics, particularly the pesticide market with respect to dollar values and quantities of active ingredient. The EPA Pesticide Program has issued such market reports since 1979.
This report is intended only to present objective economic profile and trend information reflecting the best available information on pesticide sales and usage. It does not attempt to interpret, reach conclusions about, or make inferences about the data. Detailed analysis of causal factors or implications, such as potential impacts on human health, the environment, or the economy, falls beyond the scope of this project.
We caution the reader not to infer too much from changes in the amount of pesticides used from year to year. Changes in the amount of pesticides used are not necessarily correlated to changes in the level of pest control or changes in the human health and environmental risks associated with pesticide use.
Neither EPA nor any other agency has a program devoted specifically to estimating the overall pesticide market in terms of dollars spent and quantity of active ingredient used on an annual basis. This report uses the best available information from the public domain and proprietary sources. The numbers in the report represent approximate values rather than precise values with known statistical properties.
The Agency has a wide variety of public and proprietary information upon which to base estimates of pesticide sales and usage. The Pesticide Data Center in the Biological and Economic Analysis Division (BEAD) of EPAs Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) maintains extensive files and library materials. These materials cover different pesticide types and groupings in the agricultural market sector, which account for a majority of the use of conventional pesticides, and in non-agricultural market sectors. The Agency uses three national database services for the agricultural sector, including those from the USDA and a number of more specific data sources. Similar data sources cover the non-agricultural sector. EPA also uses proprietary data sources, with vendor permission, to estimate agricultural and non-agricultural market sectors. These proprietary data sources, produced by well-known organizations, also serve pesticide registrants and other private sector firms analyzing the U.S. pesticide market.
Overview of Contents/Scope of Report
This report profiles the U.S. pesticide industry for the years 1998 and 1999. Data, estimated using several different parameters (e.g., pesticide type, pesticide group, market sector), appear in table format. The scope of the report is largely inclusive of the U.S. pesticide industry and includes data on expenditures, volume, imports, exports, firms, individuals involved in production and use of pesticides, number of pesticides, and number of certified applicators, among other topics. The report includes graphic representations of the data where useful.
Although most of the information covers the years 1998 and 1999, this report also includes an historical section. This section contains re-estimated values for the amount of insecticides used and dollar expenditures on insecticides and, therefore, total pesticide amount used and expenditures for each market sector dating back to 1980. The Agency made revisions to each market sector based on a reexamination of the data available. Care should be taken to use the new values for 1997 and earlier years, rather than values published in prior editions of the report.
Following this Introduction (Section 1), Section 2 summarizes U.S. and world pesticide user expenditures in 1998 and 1999, and Section 3 summarizes U.S. and world pesticide amount used in 1998 and 1999. Section 4 presents background information on pesticide market sectors. Finally, Section 5 presents historical data summarizing pesticide expenditures and amount used estimates since 1980.
Changes Since Last Report
This report includes significant changes in format from previously published EPA Pesticide Industry Sales and Usage reports. The majority of the information contained in the report is the same, but with reformatted content and additional pieces of information. Format changes include:
See Table 1.1 for links between data in the 1996 and 1997 and the 1998 and 1999 Pesticide Industry Sales and Usage reports. This years publication includes Table 1.1 to assist report users in finding table data in the reorganized publication.
In addition to 1998 and 1999 updates to the sales and usage data, this report contains a discussion of the current and historical amount of organophosphate insecticides used. The Agency chose organophosphate insecticides because they have been the focus of recent pesticide reregistration activities. This addition marks the first time the report has included class-specific pesticide information. We hope to include additional information specific to class or type of pesticide in future reports.
The writing of the 2000/2001 pesticide industry sales and usage report is scheduled to begin once all of the supporting pesticide sales and usage data for 2001 are published (fall of 2002). If you have questions regarding this report or need further information, please contact the authors at the following address:
Biological and Economic Analysis Division/Office of Pesticide
|U.S. Annual Pounds of Pesticide Active Ingredient|
|Key to Layout Changes in the 1998 and 1999 Pesticides Industry Sales and Usage Report|
|Old Tables||Old Table Titles||New Tables|
|Table 1||U.S. and World Pesticide Sales at User Level, 1997 Estimates (and corresponding charts)|
|Table 2||User Expenditures for Pesticides in the U.S. by Class and Sector, 1996/1997 Estimates (and corresponding chart)|
|Table 3||Volume of Pesticide Active Ingredient Used in U.S. by Type, Class, and Sector, 1996/1997 Estimates (and corresponding charts)|
|Table 4||U.S. Usage of Conventional and Other Types of Pesticides, 1996/1997 Estimates|
|Table 5||Importance of Pesticide Expenditures to U.S. Farmers, 19951997 Estimates|
|Table 6||U.S. Production, Imports, Exports, and Net Supply of Pesticides at Producer Level, 1996/1997 Estimates (and corresponding chart)|
|Table 7||U.S. Pesticide Production, Marketing and User Sectors; Profile of Numbers of Units Involved, 1996/1997 Estimates|
|Table 8||Quantities of Most Commonly Used Conventional Pesticides in U.S. Agricultural Crop Production|
|Table 9||Quantities of Pesticides Most Commonly Used in Non-Agricultural Sectors of U.S.|
|Table 10||U.S. Conventional Pesticide Usage, Total and Estimated Agricultural Sector Share, 1964-1997 (and corresponding charts)|
|Table 11a||Number of Active Ingredients Registered for First Time as Pesticides Under FIFRA, by Type, 1967-1997 (and corresponding chart)|
|Table 11b||Number of Active Ingredients Registered for First Time as Pesticides Under FIFRA, by Classification: Safer (Reduced-Risk) or Other Pesticides, 1990-1997||
|Table 12||Number of Certified Applicators in the U.S., 1997 (October 30) (and corresponding charts)|
|Table 13||U.S. Annual Volume of Pesticide Usage, by Type, All Economic Sectors Combined, 1979-1997 (and corresponding chart)|
|Table 14||U.S. Annual Volume of Pesticide Usage, by Sector and Type, 1979-1997 (and corresponding charts)|
|Table 15||U.S. Annual User Expenditures on Pesticides, by Type, All Economic Sectors Combined, 1979-1997 (and corresponding chart)|
|Table 16||U.S. Annual User Expenditures on Pesticides, by Sector and Type, 1979-1997 (and corresponding charts)|