Jump to main content.


1998-1999 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage (Page 3)

[Skip Navigation]
Table of ContentsIntroductionSalesUsageProducers & UsersHistorical DataGlossary

Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.7  Most Commonly Used U.S. Conventional Pesticide Active Ingredients in the Non-Agricultural Market Sectors

Tables 3.7a and 3.7b show the ten most commonly used conventional pesticide active ingredients in the two non-agricultural sectors (home & garden and industry/commercial/government) in 1999 and 1997. In both sectors, 2,4-D was the most used active ingredient, with between seven and nine million pounds used in the home and garden sector (see Table 3.7a), and between 17 and 20 million pounds used in the industry/commercial/
government sector (see Table 3.7b). Six of the top ten in the home and garden sector are herbicides and four are insecticides. Six of the top ten in the industry/commercial/government sector are herbicides, two are fungicides, and two are insecticides. As indicated in the note to Table 3.7b, due to the fact that some applicators apply pesticide in both markets, there may be some usage reported in one market that may have occurred in the other. The rankings rely on the estimated amount used of conventional pesticides in the non-agricultural sector taken from proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.7a
Most Commonly Used Conventional
Pesticide Active Ingredients
Home and Garden Market Sector, 1999 and 1997
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)
Active Ingredient Type 1999 1997
Rank Range Rank Range
2,4-D H 1 7-9 1 7-9
Glyphosate H 2 5-8 2 5-7
MCPP H 3 3-5 4 3-5
Dicamba H 4 3-5 3 3-5
Diazinon I 5 2-4 5 2-4
Chlorpyrifos I 6 2-4 6 2-4
Carbaryl I 7 2-4 7 1-3
Benefin H 8 1-3 8 1-3
Malathion I 9 1-3 NA NA
DCPA H 10 1-3 9 1-3

**Only totals are displayed; see detailed data from Table 3.4 for herbicides/plant growth regulators, insecticides/miticides, fungicides, nematicide/ fumigant, and other conventional pesticides.**

Table 3.7b
Most Commonly Used Conventional
Pesticide Active Ingredients
Industry/Commercial/Government Market Sector, 1999 and 1997
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)
Active Ingredient Type 1999 1997
Rank Range Rank Range
2,4-D H 1 17-20 1 16-18
Glyphosate H 2 11-14 2 9-12
Copper Sulfate F 3 5-7 3 5-7
Pendimethalin H 4 3-5 7 2-4
Chlorpyrifos I 5 3-5 4 4-7
MSMA H 6 2-4 5 4-5
Chlorothalanil F 7 2-4 8 2-4
Diuron H 8 2-4 NA NA
Malathion I 9 1-3 9 2-3
Triclopyr H 10 1-3 NA NA

Note: Includes applications to homes and gardens by professional applicators. Does not include sulfur or petroleum/oils. H indicates herbicide; I, insecticide; and F, fungicide.
Source: EPA proprietary data.

3.8  U.S. Organophosphate Insecticide Amount Used

Table 3.8a shows the total amount of organophosphate insecticide used in 1980, 1985, and annually since 1990. The top ten active ingredients in this pesticide class include malathion, chlorpyrifos, terbufos, diazinon, methyl-parathion, phorate, acephate, azinphos-methyl, phosmet, and dimethoate (see Table 3.8b). Since the passage of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) in 1996, this class of conventional pesticides has been a primary focus of EPA reregistration activities. For more information on the active ingredients included in this pesticide class and their reregistration and registration status, go to the Office of Pesticide Programs Web site at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/.

The amount of organophosphate insecticides used has declined 30% since 1980, from an estimated 131 million pounds in 1980 to 91 million pounds in 1999. Since 1980, however, organophosphate usage as a percent of total insecticide usage has increased, from 58% in 1980 to 72% in 1999. The increase in usage in 1999 was due mainly to the increased amount of malathion used as part of the USDA-sponsored Boll Weevil Eradication Program. Malathion’s use in this program has increased substantially over the past few years as the program has expanded to include most of the major cotton producing areas of the U.S. Additional information on this USDA program can be found on the USDA Web site http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/weevil/ exit EPA disclaimer. The estimates of organophosphate insecticide usage rely on the estimated amount used and changes in the amount used of organophosphates from public and proprietary EPA databases.

Table 3.8a
U.S. Pounds of Organophosphate Insecticide
Active Ingredients
All Market Sectors, 1980 - 1999
Year All Insecticides Organophosphates
  Mil lbs of a.i. Mil lbs of a.i. % of All Insecticides
1980
228
131
58%
1985
161
114
71%
1990
121
85
70%
1991
114
82
72%
1992
116
84
72%
1993
115
79
69%
1994
124
83
67%
1995
125
80
64%
1996
116
75
65%
1997
112
73
65%
1998
103
66
64%
1999
126
91
72%

Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA/NASS (http://www.usda.gov/nass/ exit EPA disclaimer), and EPA proprietary data.

Figure 3.4
Total U.S. Pounds of Insecticide Active Ingredients for Organophosphate and All Other Insecticides
All Market Sectors, 1980 - 1999
Stacked Area Chart: Millions of Pounds by Year. (This chart depicts the data as presented in Table 3.8a)

Table 3.8b
Most Commonly Used Organophosphate Insecticide
Active Ingredients
All Market Sectors, 1999 Estimates
(Ranked by Range in Millions of Pounds of Active Ingredient)
Rank Active Ingredient Range
1
Malathion 30-38
2
Chlorpyrifos 13-19
3
Terbufos 5-7
4
Diazinon 4-7
5
Methyl Parathion 2-4
6
Phorate 2-3
7
Acephate 2-3
8
Azinphos-Methyl 1-2
9
Phosmet 1-2
10
Dimethoate 1-2

Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA/NASS (http://www.usda.gov/nass/ exit EPA disclaimer), and EPA proprietary data.
PreviousTop of PageNext

Publications | Glossary | A-Z Index | Jobs


Local Navigation


Jump to main content.