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Habersham County, Georgia

Information provided for informational purposes only

Note: This information is provided for reference purposes only. Although the information provided here was accurate and current when first created, it is now outdated.

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Pesticide Table for the Persistent Trillium | About the Persistent Trillium
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Pesticide Table for the Persistent trillium

Active Ingredient Code
AMITROLE
28
AMMONIUM SULFAMATE
28
ATRAZINE
28
CACODYLIC ACID
28
DAZOMET
28
DICHLOBENIL
28
DICHLORPROP (2, 4-DP)
28
DIPHENAMID
28
EPTC (EPTAM)
28
FOSAMINE-AMMONIUM
28
GLYPHOSATE
28
HEXAZINONE
28
OXYFLUOREN
33
PARAQUAT
28
PICLORAM
28
SIMAZINE
28

Limitations on Pesticide Use

Code Limitations
28 Do not apply within 100 yards of species habitat for aerial applications or within 20 yards of species habitat for ground applications.
33 Do not apply within one-quarter mile of species habitat.

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Persistent trillium [Trillium persistens]

Persistent trillium is a perennial that grows from a rhizome. At the tips of its 8- to 20-inch stems are a whorl of three oval leaves and a single three-petaled pink flower. The weight of the flower pulls the flowerstalk down so it faces the ground. The plant blooms from mid-March through mid-April and it's berry fruit sheds seeds in July. This species grows in a variety of habitats but seems to prefer deciduous or forests in well decomposed litter.

Historically, persistent trillium probably grew along both banks (Georgia and S. Carolina) of the Tugaloo River before the river was dammed to form Yonah and Tugaloo lakes. Currently, the species is found in Rabun, Habersham and Stephens Counties in Georgia and Oconee County in S. Carolina. The total estimated population in 1983 was approximately 4,000 individuals.

Major factors affecting these plants are alteration of the drainage system (dam building) and logging.

In an effort to protect the plant, the Fish and Wildlife Service has developed an agreement with the landowner to put a long-term management plan in place. Addidtionally, the plant is being cultivated for possible reintroduction to suitable habitats.

Matthews, J.R. (ed.), The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered Species, Beacham Publishing Inc, Washington, DC. Vol I, pp. 407-408.

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