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Tribal Pesticide Project Grants

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Both tribal and state continuing pesticide programs are funded through cooperative agreements between the tribe or state and EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA).

In addition, for the past several years EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) has solicited tribal grant proposals for short term water quality and special pesticide projects. Award amounts have been limited to $50,000 each. The total amount available to fund these projects has been $450,000 per year. Future funding limits per project, and total amounts available will depend on overall OPP funding levels and the need to support other program areas.

Awarded Projects - FY 2005FY 2004FY 2003FY 2002FY2001

2005

Tribal Name: Yurok
Awarded: $50,000
For: Pesticide Education for Traditional Resource Gathering and Communities within Yurok Ancestral Territory. Region 9

The Yurok tribe submitted this proposal for a Pesticide Awareness Education and Outreach Project. The proposal will develop and deliver materials that are specific to use of pesticides within the reservation. The tribe already has a large amount of information gathered through its environmental department through workshops and an informational brochure that will be made generally available on CD Rom.

Tribal Name: Native American Environmental Coalition
Awarded: $45,084
For: Pesticide Assessment on Tribal Lands. Region 9

NAEPC’s member tribes need tools to educate and provide guidance to their communities on FIFRA and worker protection standards to minimize the misuse of pesticides on tribal lands and understand what actions they can take if exposed to a pesticide. There are 31 tribes in the Southern California region, but only 3 have pesticide programs. A majority of the tribes still lack the tools to respond if improper use of pesticides occurs. The purpose of this grant project is to conduct individual pesticide assessments for those NAEPC member tribes that do not have them. The goals and objectives of the assessments are to include determining pesticides used on or around structures and agriculture within the exterior boundaries of the Reservations: educating how a community or an individual should proceed if pesticide exposure occurs and producing a database for each tribe to monitor what is being used.

Tribal Name: Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community
Awarded: $44,853
For: Reduction of Pesticide Contamination to Groundwater to Protect Human Health. Region 9

The tribe requested funding under the Tribal Pesticides and Special Project Program, to assess the susceptibility of pesticide contamination to ground water, assess potential risk to human health in the event of ground water contamination and establish risk reduction alternatives form residual exposure. The primary objective of this initiative will identify the areas of highest vulnerability to contamination via improperly closed or poorly maintained wellheads.

Tribal Name: White Mountain Apache Tribe
Awarded: $35,581
For: Integrated Pest Management and Pesticide Safety Education and Pesticide Use Monitoring. Region 9

The homeland of the White Mountain Apache people is located in east-central Arizona on the 1.66-million-acre Fort Apache Indian Reservation. In the past the major uses of pesticides on the Reservation included urban applications in schools, hospitals, government offices, and in new construction. Non-urban uses include forestry application that targeted resprouting of shrub species, weed control at National fish hatcheries, U.S. Fish & Wildlife spraying herbicides in targeting predator species in high water quality streams, and small-scale applications on family farm plots. During the past year, there has been increased use of pesticides by Tribal programs. The Range Management program will be initiating herbicide spraying on noxious weeds in rangeland areas, including riparian and wetland areas, and Housing Authority and Community Health Division applying herbicides to yards of tribal member’s homes to address Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. During the past two years, there has been limited spraying by Tribal programs. However, with the increase activity by new players, there is a need to educate Tribal members and Tribal workers on pesticide spraying, alternatives, and Tribal environmental plans. With no State oversight on the Reservations, the Tribal Council agrees on the need to develop a Tribal pesticides code.

Tribal Name: Aleutian Pribilof Island Association
Awarded: $30,497
For: Rat Control and Rodenticide Certification Training in Akutan. Region 10

This project addresses the needs of Akutan, a community that has had a long-term infestation of Norway rats. There have been various attempts to control the population in the past, but no concerted effort to include habitat modification in conjunction with an intensive trapping and poisoning campaign. The Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) will continue to coordinate the successful partnership with USFWS and the State of Alaska DEC. They will assist APIA to provide comprehensive training, pesticide certification, and with developing an IPM plan. They will again share information about the prevention program developed on the rat free islands of St. Paul and St. George. Their success includes a city ordinance prohibiting rat-infested vessels from docking in their harbor and fish processors there must have a rodent prevention program as part of their EPA outfall permit. We will assist Akutan in exploring these and other prevention options. In spite of the fact that Akutan is already infested with rats, preventing new rats from entering the island is essential to controlling the existing population.

Tribal Name: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
Awarded: $49,360
For: Alternatives to Pesticides for Control of Noxious Weed Spartina. Region 10

Currently the Tribe is pursuing an integrated pest management approach, with a focus on non-chemical control of Spartina, particularly of infestations in or near subsistence shellfish beds. This effort is supported, in part, by an EPA pesticide grant for FY04. It is anticipated that this will take a concentrated three-year effort to begin to substantially control Spartina. Under this grant, FY05, a continuation of the current manual removal of Spartina through digging will be expanded. The Tribe will also utilize mechanical removal of Spartina as available in a critical tideland area where infestations have already begun to trap sediments and convert the tidelands to mono culture meadows. Biological agents are also being used and will be monitored and supplemented as needed. The project will continue monitoring of the results of the various control techniques in order to compare efficacy and cost efficiency, and to help guide future control efforts. Other aspects of the project will include education and public outreach on noxious weed control and pesticide use management and safety, especially related to health risks via subsistence shellfish consumption. The grant would, in part, pay salary for the project manager and field crew engaged in non-chemical weed control especially manual and biological control of Spartina, as well as supplies to support such efforts. Funding would also support development and dissemination of education and public outreach materials.

Tribal Name: Eastern Shawnee tribe of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: Groundwater Monitoring and Pesticide Education. Region 6

The Eastern Shawnee Tribe once trusted their water to be safe. Sadly, tribal members can no longer assume that the water they drink is pure and healthy. Since pesticides have already been detected in area streams and wildlife, many tribal members are concerned that their groundwater contains these same compounds at levels of concern. Only with conclusive tests can the Eastern Shawnee people be assured the water they drink is safe. With pesticide funding, the Eastern Shawnee Environmental Department will test the well water of fifty tribal members to ensure their water is still clean, clear and uncontaminated. The tribe will test the thirteen wells operated by the Eastern Shawnee Housing Authority and the remaining thirty-seven pesticide scans would be granted to tribal members who request the service. In addition to well testing, the Eastern Shawnee Environmental Department will educate tribal members and area residents about proper pesticide application and personal protective equipment.

Tribal Name: Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate- Lake Traverse Reservation
Awarded: $50,000
For: Determine Occurrence of Pesticides in Wetlands and Lakes on the Lake Traverse Reservation. Region 8

The Sisseton-Wahpeton Indian Reservation comprises about 1,500 square miles. Parts of the Lake Traverse Reservation are poorly drained, and the wetlands in these areas provide a valuable wildlife production resource. Surface and ground water on the Reservation are used for public, domestic, stock-water, recreation, and irrigation purposes. Pesticides are used mainly to control weeds and insects in row crops, which cover about 693 square miles, or about 46 percent of the Reservation. Some water-quality pesticide data have been collected by the South Dakota Geological Survey and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from selected surface- and ground-water sites. Eighteen wetland and lake sites will be sampled by SWO and USGS personnel after primary pesticide application has occurred on the Reservation. Samples will be analyzed for a large suite of pesticide compounds that are widely used and may be present in surface waters. Pesticide concentrations detected in surface waters will be compared with available water-quality criteria relative to aquatic organisms and the current state of knowledge with respect to effects of synthetic organic compounds on aquatic biota. Results will be disseminated in a USGS report. This study will provide useful information that will help SWO assess the effects of pesticide usage on the aquatic resources of the Reservation.

Tribal Name: Santee Sioux Nation
Awarded: 49,738
For: Assessment of Pesticide Exposure to tribal member through a subsistence lifestyle. Region 7

Over the past decade, many Tribal members have expressed concerns to Tribal leadership regarding the decline in Tribal traditional foods and medicinal plants. The executive committee made a recommendation to the Office of Environmental Protection to seek funds to study not only the decline in Tribal subsistence harvest areas, but also the potential pesticides exposure risk to Tribal and non-Tribal members through the use of Tribal traditional foods and medicinal plants. The Office of Environmental Protection was informed of a Pesticide and Special Programs funding notice in May 2005. Given that pesticide use and the potential for pesticide exposure have concerned the Tribal leadership, the Office of Environmental Protection has formally developed a project proposal to address these issues. The collection of Tribal culturally sensitive data as well as scientific data will provide Tribal leadership with a powerful tool as the Tribal leaders implement future strategies designed to reduce pesticide exposure to Tribal and non-Tribal members. The partnership between the Santee Sioux Nation and the US Environmental Protection Agency has led to the development of this project proposal. While the strategic plan provides the roadmap for the demonstration of results in environmental activities, it is the responsibility of the partnership to ensure that successful projects are attained on Tribal lands. This project proposal supports, at a minimum, four key objectives outlined in the strategic plan.

Tribal Name: Osage nation of Oklahoma
Awarded: $48,807
For: Baseline Assessment of Pesticides within the Osage Indian Reservations. Region 6

The Osage Tribe is proposing to use the grant funding to complete a needs assessment which is an initial requirement of developing a pesticide management plan. They intend to identify the types of pesticides used and use sites, Verify the methods of application used, amounts applied and pest species being controlled, develop a sampling plan and make a base line assessment for the Osage Reservation. The result will be a more complete understanding of the types of pesticide uses on the reservation and provide a quantitative snapshot of the pesticides in major drainage basins within the reservation.

Tribal Name: Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Awarded: $31,580
For: Reconnaissance Investigation of Pesticides and PCB┬'s in Spoonbill from the Grand Lake O┬' the Cherokees and its tributaries. Region 6

The Peoria Tribe requested funding under the Tribal Pesticides and Special Project Program, to address a pesticide-related problem that is specific to their area and their Tribe. The Tribe was concerned that the Paddlefish, known locally as Spoonbill Catfish, may be contaminated with pesticides from the predominately agricultural area where they live. The Spoonbill have a cartilaginous skeleton and no bones. They are more closely related to salt water fish than fresh water and they only eat plankton. The Spoonbill is on many states' endangered species list with only two states having enough population for fishing. These states are Oklahoma and Kansas. Although the Spoonbill does not fit the traditional role of predator fish, where contaminants accumulate in the higher form of predators, other factors in the Spoonbill┬'s life may make it a collector of pesticides.

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2004

Tribe Name: Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Inc. (A/PIA)
Awarded: $49,970
For: Rat Prevention, Rat Control and Rodenticide Certification Training in the Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Region; Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Region 10

The focus of this project is two-fold. First, to develop a program to control rats in areas where rats are established and second develop strategies to ensure areas that are rat free remain that way. The Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Region is part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. It is home to some of the largest colonies of seabirds in the world. Beginning with the arrival of outsider seafaring visitors, numerous islands in the Aleutians have become infested with invasive Norway rats. The bird population, native vegetation and human health are threatened by this omnivorous and disease carrying invasive species. The Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association will partner with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation. These agencies will provide comprehensive training, certification and assist in the development of integrated pest management (IPM) plans. Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association expects this project will develop programs that can be transferred to other Aleutian communities.

Tribe Name: Yankton Sioux Tribe
Awarded: $49,000
For: Occurrence of Pesticides in Wetlands and Lakes on the Yankton Sioux Reservation, South Dakota. Region 8

The project will determine concentrations of selected pesticides for a total of 20 wetland and lake sites on the Reservation. Data will be collected and a report will be written summarizing data collection and analysis methods, sampling results, and a brief summary of pesticide concentrations in surface waters on the Reservation and environmental and health risks associated with pesticides detected. The Yankton Sioux Tribe will work with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The Yankton Sioux Tribe expects that this project will result in increased tribal expertise in water quality sampling techniques and data interpretation.

Tribe Name: St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
Awarded: $26,730
For: St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Assessment of the Need for a Pesticide Management Plan. Region 2

The focus of this project is two-fold. The first objective is to determine what levels of pesticide contamination (if any) are present in the four main tributaries leading to the St. Lawrence River. The second is to develop an outreach program to educate Mohawk community members and off-Reservation farm/landowners on the impacts of pesticide use. The Tribe will work with New York State Community IPM Program through Cornell University to develop the program.

Tribe Name: Swinomish Indian Tribal Community
Awarded: $50,000
For: Alternatives to Pesticides for Control of Spartina and Other Noxious Weeds on the Swinomish Reservation. Region 10

Under this project the Tribe will develop an integrated pest management program (IPM) to control the invasive weed, Spartinia. Traditional shellfish beds on the Reservation are threatened by Spartina, which converts productive tidelands into a non-native mono culture with little ecological or subsistence productivity. The project will include testing of the results of various control techniques (biological control, manual removal and mechanical removal) in order to compare efficacy and cost efficiency. The project will also provide education and public outreach on noxious weed control and pesticide use management and safety.

Tribe Name: Cherokee Nation
Awarded: $48,660
For: Pesticide Monitoring and Baseline Assessment. Region 6

This project will monitor three streams for pesticides monthly to determine the seasonal loading from pesticide applications. Baseline assessments of the three streams have been completed through a Clean Water 106 surface water monitoring program. the water monitoring program. This project will add a pesticide monitoring component. The Tribe will be able to draw conclusions and determine what actions may be taken to correct or preserve the aquatic community.

Tribe Name: Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
Awarded: $33,400
For: Pesticide Monitoring of Game Fish Tissue in Spring River. Region 6

This project will analyze commonly consumed fish (catfish and bass) for pesticide concentrations. The Eastern Shawnee Tribe is concerned about unsafe concentrations of pesticides in game fish. If results of the study exceed screening values of the EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System, fish advisory information will be provided for children and adults.

Tribe Name: Chippewa Cree Tribe
Awarded: $49,680
For: Vulnerability Assessment, Baseline Measures and Water Monitoring. Region 8

This is a second phase of a project that was funded by EPA in 2000. In this phase, the Tribe will monitor for pesticides in four Reservation groundwater wells. The tribe will work with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Additionally, the Tribe will conduct a feasibility study to determine tribal interests in establishing a tribal pesticide regulatory program.

Tribe Name: Tule River Tribal Council
Awarded: $49,160
For: Implement IPM Control Management of Invasive Species to Protect Drinking Water Sources from Pesticide Contamination. Region 9

Under this project the Tribe will control thistles using an integrated pest management (IPM) approach through the use of sheep for prescribed grazing, biological control organisms such as seed head weevils and parasitic wasps, mechanical removal, and spot-spraying with herbicides. Areas will be re-seeded with fast growing annuals and perennials to compete with thistles. A considerable number of acres within the Reservation have been invaded by several different species of thistles. Where severe weed infestations are present, range health is adversely affected and forage production is extremely low. The Tribe, the Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Bureau of Indian Affairs will also provide funding for this project.

Tribe Name: Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
Awarded: $45,690
For: Assessment of On-Reservation Exposures to Off-Reservation Application of Pesticides. Region 10

Under this project the Tribe will collect information about the potential transport of pesticides onto the Reservation from adjacent agricultural lands. The Tribe will monitor for pesticides during the spring and summer when pesticides are most likely used. The results of the sampling will be used to estimate Tribal exposures to pesticides and identify exposure control and intervention strategies.

Delaware Tribe of Indians
Awarded: $42,710
For: Baseline Assessment for the Development of a Pesticide Management Policy/Plan. Region 6

The objective of this project is to assess the need for a pesticide management policy/plan to enable the Delaware Tribe to adequately reduce risk from pesticide exposures, characterize and assess high-threat pesticide exposure on tribal land and to gauge the extent of its threat to human health and to the environment. This project provides for development and continuation of a pesticide management plan that will provide protection and preservation of Tribal Natural Resources for tribal members.

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2003

Tribe Name: Bad River Band of Chippewa
Awarded: $49,433
For: Assessment of Chemical Noxious Weed Control.

Since 1999, the Bad River Natural resources has, with Council approval, been spraying noxious invasive vegetation (Purple Loosestrife) with a 2% mixture of the herbicide Rodeo. The increased use of this herbicide has led to concerns about the potential impacts it may be having on the wetlands complex where tribal members engage in subsistence hunting, fishing and gathering. This proposal will fund an assessment of those impacts, allow a determination as to whether current control methods create opportunities for the invasion of other noxious weeds, and create public awareness programs including information on best management practices and alternative weed control methods.

Tribe Name: Chickasaw
Awarded: $49,750
For: Assessment of Cultural Exposures to Pesticides.

The project will assess pesticide accumulation in two different types of resources used to supplement food in the geographic region. It will initiate and assessment of fish in Lake Texoma and it will identify plants and related resources which are culturally significant and determine whether those resources are contaminated with pesticides. The project will also develop education and outreach materials that will be used to educate communities on the risks of pesticide contamination in local resources.

Tribe Name: Eastern Band of Cherokee
Awarded: $30,110
For: Pesticide Screening of the town of Kituwah and the Cooper’s Creek Properties.

Under this project, the Tribe will sample groundwater and soil from each of the newly re-acquired properties. The screening will produce an assessment of the effects of past use of pesticides on these lands and enable the Tribal Environmental Office to provide better direction to the Tribe as to the management of these lands.

Tribe Name: Fond du Lac
Awarded: $33,957
For: Pesticide Management Plan Development and Ground Water Vulnerability Assessment.

This is the second phase of the pesticide application inventory funded by this grant program in FY 2002. In this phase of the project, information already gathered will be supplemented with additional information required to develop a ground water pesticide management plan, and to conduct an aquifer vulnerability assessment. In the future, the results of these tasks will be used to develop a Tribal FIFRA Program for the Reservation.

Tribe Name: Houlton Band of Maliseet
Awarded: $15,072
For: Assessing Wells on Trust Lands for Agricultural Pesticide Contamination.

This project will investigate the possibility that pesticides from agricultural applications on and around tribal lands may be contaminating tribal drinking water and pose risks to the health of tribal members. Project goals include development of a quality assurance project plan (including sampling and analysis protocols) to assess tribal well water for pesticide contamination, collecting verifiable data regarding this possible contamination, and data evaluation to determine if contaminants reach or esceed critical levels beyond which health effects are possible.

Tribe Name: Keeweenaw Bay Indian Community
Awarded: $9,300
For: Continuation of Surface Water Monitoring Efforts.

This project will address possible water quality issues resulting from past and present forestry herbicide applications on the reservation. It will include herbicide sampling in conjunction with year three of an ongoing surface water quality monitoring program that has been funded by the Region.

Tribe Name: Poarch Band
Awarded: $50,000
For: Pesticide Assessment, Sampling and Analysis.

This funding supports a written study of the historic use of pesticides on the Poarch Band of Creek Indians Reservation, identification of geographic areas where those pesticides may pose a threat to health and safety, development of sampling and quality assurance plans and a final report which will pinpoint possible problems with residual pesticides in ground water, soil or surface water. The assessment will provide a baseline for future actions.

Tribe Name: Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe
Awarded: $48,607
For: Carbaryl Study.

The study will evaluate the minimum water surface application rate needed to achieve desired kill rates in ghost shrimp and the rate of loss of the pesticide due to tidal flux and it will determine whether a subsurface application will achieve the same kill rates using lower amounts of Carbaryl and whether this application will reduce the loss of pesticide due to tidal flux.

Tribe Name: Umatilla (Confederated Tribes)
Awarded: $50,000
For: Pesticide and Nutrient Fate on the Umatilla River Flood Plain.

These funds will support a site specific monitoring program to assess the potential influence of increased pesticide and nutrient loading associated with proposed ground water supplementation programs. Monitoring will occur in a side channel of the Umatilla river that flows perennially, but is fed only by ground water via seeps from an adjacent agricultural field and hypothec ground water inputs as water moves from the main river channel, through a gravel bar, and into the side channel.

Tribe Name: White Mountain Apache
Awarded: $50,000
For: Community Education, Monitoring and Regulation of Pesticides on the Reservation, with Special Concern for Surface Water Protection.

These funds will be used to educate individual tribal members as well as other professionals living and/or working on the Reservation on the potential risks, both to the environment and to human health, associated with the use of pesticides. The project will monitor and restrict large-scale uses of pesticides on the Reservation and encourage safe handling and appropriate use of pesticides throughout the Reservation.

Tribe Name: Ysleta Pueblo
Awarded: $49,998
For: Developing Capacity; Determining Existing Exposure Health Risks.

This project will help to develop capacity for Ysleta del Sur Pueblo to identify and address pesticide concerns and to determine whether tribal health risks may exist due to potential pesticide exposure pathways. Project results will assist the Tribe in making informed decisions about the use of pesticides on the Reservation, and empower the community by building knowledge and identifying pesticide issues that must be addressed.

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2002

Tribe Name: Cortina Rancheria
Awarded: $39,138
For: The use of a goat herd as an alternate to pesticides in the control of noxious weeds on tribal lands.

The grant will be used to buy the goats, a vehicle for transporting the goats, and to pay the goat-herder. Cortina also wishes to assess the need for a PMP and develop a pesticides safe-handling program. In addition it will conduct a comprehensive assessment of pesticide use, storage, and disposal.

Tribe Name: Flandreau Santee Sioux
Awarded: $50,000
For: The assessment of surface water systems near tribal housing.

Members of the tribe wish to collect a total of eleven samples to confirm whether pesticides from nearby agricultural interests are impacting their supply of water and native plants which are of cultural significance to them.

Tribe Name: Fond du Lac
Awarded: $49,167
For: The study of pesticide and herbicide use on the reservation.

Also for the assessment of pesticide run-off on the reservation from three golf-courses, one on and two surrounding the reservation. 30 samples will be taken of surface water, ground water, and sediment. These samples will be used by a GISS to create a GIS layer showing the applications of pesticides and herbicides. Goals are to establish the need for a tribal FIFRA program and to assess the effects of pesticide/herbicide runoff on tribal fisheries, wild-rice crops, and medicinal plants.

Tribe Name: Ho Chunk Nation
Awarded: $26,095
For: The establishment of a baseline of contamination for two previously monitored water-sources which require further study to assess the impact of pesticides on them.

The project will serve as a "template for future study."

Tribe Name: Lac Du Flambeau Band
Awarded: $50,000
For: The assessment of the impact of pesticides on the tribes water sources and culturally significant plant and animal species from the runoff of nearby cranberry farms.

Tribal members are concerned about health-effects from exposure to the runoff.

Tribe Name: Nottasweppi
Awarded: $37,299 ($36,899 + $400)
For: Determining whether pesticides/herbicides from nearby agricultural interests are a threat to culturally significant native species of plants; the tribes source of drinking water; several culturally important sites; and the health of the tribe.

Tribe Name: Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: The continuation of surface and groundwater quality monitoring activities begun under other grants.

This project will identify impaired water bodies using RAPID assay amino testing. The Tribe will also use this funding to develop Tribal pesticide education and regulatory processes to address non-point sources of pesticide pollution.

Tribe Name: Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe
Awarded: $46,789
For: The establishment of a pesticide regulatory program.

First the tribe will develop an overall pesticide use assessment, then it will establish an outreach program to raise awareness about pesticides and introduce IPM.

Tribe Name: White Mountain Apache Tribe
Awarded: $49,212
For: The establishment of a PMP.

This project will build on previous projects. Overall the tribe hopes to reduce the risk of human and environmental exposure to pesticides on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation through public outreach to its children and young adults (under the age of 25), who constitute 50% of the reservation's population.

Tribe Name: Yurok Tribe
Awarded: $50,000
For: The identification of reduced-risk alternatives to herbicides used in the reforestation and exotic weed removal programs.

The tribe will coordinate and cooperate with forest managers to implement alternatives to pesticide usage on forest lands which impact the tribe.

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2001

Tribe Name: Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon
Awarded: $50,000
For: Evaluation of in-stream effects of pesticides on threatened steelhead in the Hood River basin to determine whether pesticides entering streams during orchard applications affect threatened Hood River steelhead fish.

Water samples will be collected and analyzed and data will be shared with the agricultural community so that pesticide management practices can be evaluated.

Tribe Name: Delaware Nation
Awarded: $50,000
For: Educational outreach on pesticide use in museum curation on Indian artifacts.

The project will include consultation with experts, and production of a brochure, technical fact sheet, and documentary film. The Brochure and fact sheets will be distributed to tribes nationally.

Tribe Name: Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe
Awarded: $26,837
For: Education and outreach through the production of a field guide of Minnesota's primary and secondary noxious weeds, including control options for each species.

The guide will be intended for use by tribal field technicians and roads departments and other entities that interact with Leech Lake Reservation, county and township weed inspectors, board members, and the general public.

Tribe Name: Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: Conducting ground and surface water sampling on tribal lands to determine levels of pesticide contamination, and adding surface water aspects to the existing pesticide management plan.

Outreach and educational programs focusing on proper application of pesticides to minimize threats to human health, wildlife, and the environment will be developed.

Tribe Name: Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: Identification of water bodies that may be impaired due to pesticide use (using RAPID assay amino assay testing), development of tribal pesticide education and regulatory processes to address non-point sources of pollution caused by the improper use and application of chemicals to the land.

Ground and surface water will be tested, pesticide education activities will be continued, and pesticide code development will continue.

Tribe Name: Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians
Awarded: $50,000
For: The establishment of a water quality strategy that includes water quality sampling, monitoring, pesticide reduction methods, and community outreach and education.

Tribe Name: Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: Development and implementation of a plan to assess contamination and prevent additional contamination in ground and surface water.

The goals include sustaining agricultural land uses and protection water resources by identifying existing water wells, determining monitoring sites, and screening water samples.

Tribe Name: Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma
Awarded: $50,000
For: Development of a pesticide management plan that will include the adoption of an integrated pest management policy, certification of applicators, establishment of a tribal code, development of a system for the proper disposal of pesticides and education of the community, including publication of a quarterly newsletter

Tribe Name: Stillaguamish Tribe
Awarded: $39,116
For: Investigating the presence and persistence of chemical contamination of the Stillaguamish watershed.

The project will establish a baseline of data that will allow for negotiations with state agencies and timber industry representatives on aerial and ground application of herbicides. The project will focus on sampling forest practice activity application sites where the spraying of a 2,4-D herbicide is proposed.

Tribe Name: Yurok Tribe
Awarded: $6,384
For: Continuing to facilitate a dialogue exchange among the Yurok Environmental Monitoring Work Group, and expanding existing water quality data to include monitoring of forestry herbicides in community and individual drinking water.

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