EPA works cooperatively with tribal government to enforce FIFRA, as it does with states and territories. For example, under FIFRA Section 23, EPA may enter into cooperative agreements with tribes. These agreements may include provisions for tribes to assist EPA in ensuring compliance with FIFRA by obtaining federal inspector credentials, conducting inspections and recommending enforcement actions to EPA. As a separate matter, EPA also provides funding to tribes to assist in the development and implementation of pesticide programs under tribal law.
EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) works with tribes, EPA regions,
states, other EPA program offices (e.g., the American
Indian Environmental Office (AIEO)), the EPA Office of General Counsel
(OGC) and other federal agencies to coordinate efforts related to tribes
and pesticides. In particular, OPP works closely with the EPA Office
of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) which provides continuing
funding support, through the EPA regional offices, for tribal cooperation
in pesticide enforcement and related activities. OECA presently has cooperative
enforcement agreements with 38 tribes.
National Pesticide Tribal Program Strategic Goals
The primary goal of the National Pesticide Tribal Program is to help protect human health and the environment by ensuring pesticides and alternatives are available in Indian country and can be used according to label directions without causing unreasonable risks.
An additional goal is to consider the unique exposures and cultural practices that pertain to tribes. The Program uses a mix of tools, activities, and programs to protect tribal members from potential pesticide risks:
- Risk assessment and risk management through pesticide registration
- Frontline program implementation (e.g., grants, guidance, training, and technical assistance)
- Policy development and interpretation
- Advocacy and liaison
- Program performance accountability