Current as of May 2013
On this page you will find:
- Interim guidance for testing soil fumigant tarps and information on how to submit test results to EPA
- Background information on EPA standards for tarp testing
EPA provides this interim guidance for those interested in testing soil fumigant tarps so the tarps may be added, as appropriate, to either the agency’s tarp credit Web page and/or the dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) tarp Web page. We highly recommend that the testing procedures be followed as closely as possible. Since the reactivity, stability, and other chemical properties are different for each fumigant, the permeability of each fumigant through a film will be different. To assess comparability with existing permeability data, we also recommend that multiple fumigants be tested simultaneously.
Tarp Testing Protocol
In conjunction with the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA ARS), EPA has developed the following protocol for testing tarps.
A) Description of tarp tested:How to Submit Tarp Data to EPA
B) Test substances:
- Tarp manufacturer
- Tarp name/designation
- Tarp material
- Tarp thickness
- Other relevant descriptors or technical specifications
- Test fumigants (% purity)
- Other additives or solvents mixed with test substances
D) Test conditions:
- Description of test cells, including details of any modifications
- Analytical instrument(s) used, including instrumental parameters (e.g., column, detector, etc.)
E) Test notes:
- Test cell temperature
- Test cell humidity (if other than ambient)
- Testing protocol, including fumigant volumes/concentrations, sample collection schedule (number of samples, sample collection intervals, test duration), number of replicates
F) Test results:
- Description of deviations and modifications from the written procedure
- Calculated mass transfer coefficients from individual tests, including averages and variance of replicates
- Compound concentrations at each sampling interval, variation over time (recovery of each analyte over the entire test period)
- Analytical instrument calibration data
Please submit the following by e-mail to John Leahy at email@example.com and Jose Gayoso at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- A cover letter that indicates the tarp(s) and fumigant(s) tested, and
- A PDF file containing the information described under Information to Submit to EPA
EPA has completed a soil fumigant tarp permeability testing project and is working on developing an ASTM International standard for future tarp testing. The test method titled Film Permeability Determination Using Static Permeability Cells is currently undergoing an ASTM collaborative study. Once approved, the performance standard will eliminate the need for EPA to list individual tarps on the agency’s fumigant tarp web pages. The development of the standard will provide a commonly accepted testing method and create a set of approved tarp testing criteria which will allow individuals to uniformly test tarps to determine the mass transfer coefficients (MTCs). Instead of referring to the EPA tarp credit web page, soil fumigant labels will list ranges of MTCs and the associated buffer zone reduction credits. The DMDS labels will also list the minimum MTCs for tarps required to be used with the products. The agency anticipates that the standard will increase the number of tarps that are eligible for either buffer zone reduction credits or for use with products containing DMDS, thereby providing users with more options. We anticipate that the performance standard will be available in 2014 or later.
During EPA’s reregistration of the soil fumigants, the use of tarps (i.e., high barrier films) was identified as one agricultural practice that can reduce fumigant emissions. The agency began testing commonly used agricultural tarps to determine how effectively each tarp could reduce fumigant emissions. The agency’s laboratory tarp testing method, discussed above, was adapted from a method previously developed by Sharon Papiernik and Scott Yates of USDA ARS (Papiernik et al., 2001, 2002). For more information, please see
- Second Update To Health Effects Division Recommendations for Good Agricultural Practices and Associated Buffer Credits, EPA, January 11, 2011
- Evaluation of the Permeability of Agricultural Films to Various Fumigants, Environmental Science and Technology, October 5, 2011
Current labels for the soil fumigants chloropicrin, methyl bromide/chloropicrin, chloropicrin/1,3-dichloropropene, and metam sodium or metam potassium contain a link to the agency’s Tarps web page. This page lists tarps that qualify for buffer zone reduction credits based on testing using EPA’s method. In addition, tarps are required for use with products that contain dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). The agency’s DMDS tarps web page lists the tarps that are approved for use with these products.