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Managing Potential PFOA Risks

More on Managing Existing Chemicals

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a persistent, man-made chemical that animal studies have shown can cause systemic and developmental toxicity. It has been found in human blood and it remains in the body for years. The Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) began investigating PFOA in 2002 to determine the risk it may pose to humans and the environment and what, if any, actions could be taken.

OPPT has taken action to help minimize the potential impact of PFOA and related chemicals on the environment. In January 2006, former EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson initiated the 2010/15 PFOA Stewardship Program, in which eight major companies in the industry committed to voluntarily reduce facility emissions and product content of PFOA and related chemicals on both a domestic and a global basis by 95 percent no later than 2010, and to work toward eliminating emissions and product content of these chemicals by 2015. Companies submitted their baseline year emissions and product content data in October 2006. Progress reports are due annually on October 31.

OPPT and EPA's Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance work together to take enforcement actions under TSCA when necessary. Two such significant actions in connection with PFOA were the $10.25 million settlement between EPA and DuPont reached in December 2005 and the $1.5 million settlement between EPA and the 3M Company reached in April 2006.

OPPT is a key player in raising awareness on PFOA-related issues internationally working with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). For example, the United States and Germany are developing a draft hazard assessment on PFOA. OPPT also participated in developing the OECD workshop on PFOA and related chemicals. Exit EPA Disclaimer


Read more information on the Agency's activities concerning PFOA and related chemicals.

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