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Chemical Testing Overview

Under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), EPA has broad authority to issue regulations designed to gather health/safety and exposure information on, require testing of, and control exposure to chemical substances and mixtures. Drugs, cosmetics, foods, food additives, pesticides, and nuclear materials are exempt from TSCA. EPA's TSCA Inventory currently contains over 70,000 existing chemicals. The TSCA Inventory is a compilation of the names of all existing chemical substances along with their respective Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry numbers, production/importation volume ranges, and specific sites of production/importation. Chemicals produced in annual volumes above 1 million pounds are considered High Production Volume or "HPV" chemicals. This subset of 3,000-4,000 HPV chemicals is the main focus of OPPT's Existing Chemicals Data Collection and Data Development (Testing) activities. Data on chemicals that are collected or developed are made accessible to the public and are intended to provide input for efforts to evaluate potential risk from exposures to these chemicals.

For more information on EPA's TSCA chemical substance inventory and how to get free Web access to the inventory, go to EPA's TSCA Chemical Substance Inventory.

For information on chemical production and importation volumes, go to EPA's Chemical Data Reporting (Inventory Update Reporting) website.

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