Chapter 10: Trade - Off IssuesTable of Contents for Chapter 10
- 10.1 SUMMARY OF TRADE-OFF FACTORS
- 10.1.1 Potential Health and Environmental Risks
- 10.1.2 Federal Regulatory Environment
- 10.1.3 Costs
- 10.1.4 Performance Characteristics
- 10.1.5 Other Factors
- 10.1.6 Summary of Trade-Off Considerations
- 10.2 APPROACHES FOR CONSIDERING TRADE-OFFS
- 10.2.1 Benefit/Cost Analysis
- 10.2.2 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
- 10.2.3 Comparison of Alternative PCE-Based Machine Configurations
- 10.2.4 A Comparison of Alternative Hydrocarbon Solvent-Based Technologies
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The Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment's goal is to offer as comprehensive a picture as possible of the relevant factors associated with each of the available clothes cleaning alternatives--the possible environmental and health risks, the costs of mitigating these risks, operating costs, and the level of cleaning performance associated with each alternative. With this information, fabricare professionals can make more informed decisions regarding pollution prevention and the possible advantages and disadvantages associated with alternative approaches for reducing exposures to chemicals used in fabricare processes.
This chapter summarizes much of the information presented throughout the CTSA. Section 10.1 presents a summary of the factors influencing choices in cleaning technology or the type of equipment used within a cleaning technology category. The factors associated with each cleaning process include the following: (1) potential risks, (2) costs, (3) performance characteristics, and (4) other characteristics. Section 10.2 introduces a benefit/cost analysis as a method of assessing alternative options. This section reformulates the summary discussion in Section 10.1 by demonstrating how the factors discussed there can be assessed using a benefit/cost approach. Section 10.2 also presents an assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative cleaning options using a cost-effectiveness approach.