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Chapter 10: Trade - Off Issues

Table of Contents for Chapter 10
    • 10.1.1 Potential Health and Environmental Risks
    • 10.1.2 Federal Regulatory Environment
    • 10.1.3 Costs
    • 10.1.4 Performance Characteristics
    • 10.1.5 Other Factors
    • 10.1.6 Summary of Trade-Off Considerations
    • 10.2.1 Benefit/Cost Analysis
    • 10.2.2 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
    • 10.2.3 Comparison of Alternative PCE-Based Machine Configurations
    • 10.2.4 A Comparison of Alternative Hydrocarbon Solvent-Based Technologies

Download the PDF version of Chapter 10 in its entirety [117K].

[PDF] PLEASE NOTE: Some of the documents mentioned in this Section are in Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF). To view or print them you will need to have the Adobe Acrobat Reader program installed on your computer. The Reader can be downloaded and used with no charge; check here for more information on the Adobe Acrobat Reader.


The Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment's goal is to offer as comprehensive a picture as possible of the relevant factors associated with each of the available clothes cleaning alternatives--the possible environmental and health risks, the costs of mitigating these risks, operating costs, and the level of cleaning performance associated with each alternative. With this information, fabricare professionals can make more informed decisions regarding pollution prevention and the possible advantages and disadvantages associated with alternative approaches for reducing exposures to chemicals used in fabricare processes.

This chapter summarizes much of the information presented throughout the CTSA. Section 10.1 presents a summary of the factors influencing choices in cleaning technology or the type of equipment used within a cleaning technology category. The factors associated with each cleaning process include the following: (1) potential risks, (2) costs, (3) performance characteristics, and (4) other characteristics. Section 10.2 introduces a benefit/cost analysis as a method of assessing alternative options. This section reformulates the summary discussion in Section 10.1 by demonstrating how the factors discussed there can be assessed using a benefit/cost approach. Section 10.2 also presents an assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative cleaning options using a cost-effectiveness approach.

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