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CTSA - Chapter 4: Competitiveness

Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment (CTSA): Lithographic Blanket Washes
This chapter focuses on the performance and cost of each substitute blanket wash. Section 4.1 discusses the results of the performance demonstration of each blanket wash, both in a laboratory setting and in an actual print shop. All 37 blanket washes (including the baseline) were tested at the Graphic Arts Technical Foundation (GATF) laboratory for flash point, volatile organic compound (VOC) content, pH, blanket swell potential and wipability. Of the 36 formulations (plus the baseline) analyzed at GATF, 22 were field tested. Each of these 22 blanket washes was used at two print shops, and evaluated on factors such as how well the ink was cut and how quickly the blanket dried. The limitations of these field evaluations are briefly presented and the results discussed in greater detail. Section 4.2 presents the costs associated with using the 22 field tested blanket washes. For each of the two facilities where a blanket wash was tested, data on cost/wash, cost/press, and cost/press/shift/year were developed and compared with baseline costs using VM&P Naphtha. This section also contains a description of the different variables used to develop the cost data, such as labor costs, blanket wash costs, and other materials costs. Section 4.3 addresses international trade issues for blanket washes in general. Importation and exportation of both petroleum based blanket washes and low VOC blanket washes are discussed, as well as joint ventures between foreign companies.

4.1 Performance Data [339 K pdf]
4.1.1 Background
4.1.2 Methodology
4.1.3 Data Collection, Summary and Analysis
4.1.4 Limitations
4.1.5 Blanket Wash Summaries
4.2 Blanket Wash Cost Analysis Methodology [433 K pdf]
4.2.1 General Description of Costing Methodology
4.2.2 Details Related to Data Sources and Methodological Approach
4.2.3 Example Calculation
4.2.4 Blanket Wash Cost Analysis Results
4.3 International Trade Issues [45 K pdf]
4.3.1 International Trade of Petroleum-based Blanket Washes
4.3.2 International Trade of "Low VOC" Blanket Washes
4.3.3 Joint Ventures Impacting the International Trade of Blanket Washes

Chapter 4 in its entirety. [740 K pdf file]

[PDF] PLEASE NOTE: Some of the documents mentioned in this Section are in Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF). To view or print them you will need to have the Adobe Acrobat Reader program installed on your computer. The Reader can be downloaded and used with no charge; check here for more information on the Adobe Acrobat Reader.
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