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You are here: EPA Home » DfE » Alternatives Assessments

Printing Industry and Use Cluster Profile

Part 1: Printing Industry Profile

Part 2: Printing Process Profile

Appendices


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgements

Credits

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


PART ONE: PRINTING INDUSTRY PROFILE [183 KB pdf file]


I. OVERVIEW

II. COMPANIES AND PLANTS

A. Number of Companies and Plants

B. Geographic Distribution

C. Companies and Plants by Printing Process

D. Size of Companies and Plants

III. VALUE OF SHIPMENTS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, AND
INDUSTRY OUTLOOK

A. Value of Shipments

B. International Trade

C. Outlook for Major Printing Markets

1. Magazine and Periodical Publishing

2. Catalogs and Directories

3. Direct Mail

4. Labels and Wraps

5. Advertising Inserts and Coupons

6. Other Advertising and Free Circulation Papers

7. Annual Reports

8. Business Forms

9. Business Communication

10. Manuals and Technical Documentation

11. Convenience or "Quick" Printing

12. Books


PART TWO: PRINTING PROCESS PROFILE [426 KB pdf file]


I. PRINTING PROCESSES OVERVIEW

II. PREPRESS OPERATIONS

A. Introduction

B. Typesetting and Composition

C. Copy Assembly and Process Photography

D. Image Carrier Preparation

1. Photomechanical Image Carrier Preparation

2. Light-sensitive Coatings

a. Photopolymeric Coatings

b. Diazo Coatings

c. Bichromated Colloid Coatings

III. IMAGE CARRIER PREPARATION AND PRESS OPERATIONS

A. Lithography

1. Lithographic Platemaking

a. Surface Plates

b. Deep-etch Plates

c. Bi-Metal Plates

2. Lithographic Presses and Printing

a. Sheetfed Offset

b. Heatset Web Offset

c. Non-heatset Web Offset

3. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

4. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

B. Gravure

1. Gravure Cylinder Making

a. Conventional Gravure

b. Direct-Transfer Gravure

c. Variable-area/Variable-depth Gravure

d. Laser Imaging

e. Electromechanical Engraving

2. Gravure Cylinder Plating

3. Gravure Presses and Printing

a. Publication Gravure

b. Packaging Gravure

c. Product Gravure

4. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

5. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

C. Flexography

1. Flexographic Platemaking

2. Flexographic Presses and Printing

3. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

4. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

D. Letterpress

1. Letterpress Platemaking

a. Original Plates

b. Duplicate Plates

2. Letterpress Presses and Printing

3. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

4. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

E. Screen Printing

1. Screen Preparation

a. Screen Fabrics

b. Stencils

2. Screen Presses and Printing

3. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

4. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

F. Plateless Processes

1. Description

2. Specific Plateless Processes

a. Electronic Printing

b. Ink-jet Printing

c. Magnetography

d. Thermal Printing

e. Ion Deposition Printing

f. Direct Charge Deposition Printing

g. Mead Cycolor Photocapsule Process

3. Volume of Output and Percentage of Total Market

4. Number and Relative Size of Printing Companies

IV. POSTPRESS OPERATIONS

A. Introduction

B. Cutting

C. Folding

D. Assembly

E. Binding

1. Binding Methods

2. Covers

F. In-Line Finishing


V. TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS

A. Trends in Prepress Technology

1. Front-End Platforms (Desktop Publishing)

2. Telecommunications

3. Proofing

4. Direct-to-Plate and Direct-to-Press Technologies

B. Trends in Press Technology

1. General Press Trends

a. Inks

b. Dampening Systems

c. Press Cleaners

d. Process Color

2. Offset Printing

a. Waterless Plates

3. Rotogravure Printing

4. Flexographic Printing

5. Plateless Printing

a. Electronic Printing

b. Ink-jet Printing

c. Thermal Printing

d. Ion Deposition Printing

e. Magnetography

C. Postpress Technology


REFERENCES


APPENDICES [55 KB pdf file]


A. SIC Major Group 27 Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industries

B. Top 101 North American Commercial and Publication Printers

C. Top 100 U.S. Screen Printers

D. Top 100 North American Quick Printing Operations

 

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