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Executive Orders

Key Policy, Guidance Documents

EPA's Final Guidance on EPP

Executive Orders

Federal Acquisition Regulation

Green Purchasing Guides

Information on Standards for Green Products, Services

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Executive Orders (E.O.) are edicts issued by the President. Executive Order 13514 and 13423 require federal agencies to purchase environmentally preferable products and services, and revokes previous Executive Orders related to environmentally preferable purchasing. The Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Program provides copies of the revoked Executive Orders below because they provide historical references for the Program and are cited in early policy and guidance documents.

Executive Order 13514 - Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy and Economic Performance (PDF) (15 pp, 88KB)
This Executive Order requires federal agencies to advance sustainable acquisition by acquiring products that are energy-efficient, water-efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting, contain recycled content, or are non-toxic or less-toxic alternatives. President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13514 on October 5, 2009.

Executive Order 13423 - Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management (PDF) (7 pp, 105KB)
This Executive Order requires federal agencies to use sustainable environmental practices when acquiring goods and services, including acquisition of biobased, environmentally preferable, energy-efficient, water-efficient, and recycled-content products. Former President George W. Bush signed Executive Order 13423 on January 24, 2007. Executive Order 13423 revokes Executive Orders 13101 and 13148.

Revoked Orders

(Revoked) Executive Order 13148 - Greening the Government Through Leadership in Environmental Management, April 2000 (PDF) (14 pp, 257KB)
This Executive Order requires federal agencies to incorporate environmental management systems into agency day-to-day decision-making and long term planning processes. Pollution Prevention is highlighted as a key aspect to the environmental management system process. Former President Clinton signed Executive Order 13148 on April 21, 2000.

(Revoked) Executive Order 13101 - Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition, September 1998 (PDF) (11 pp, 98KB)
This Executive Order requires executive agencies to incorporate waste prevention and recycling into the agency's daily operation. It also asks executive agencies to work to increase and expand markets for recovered materials through greater Federal Government preference and demand for such products. Former President Clinton signed Executive Order 13101 on September 14, 1998. Executive Order 13101 revokes E.O. 12873.

(Revoked) Executive Order 12873 - Federal Acquisition, Recycling and Waste Prevention, October 1993 (PDF) (9 pp, 33KB)
This Executive Order directs federal agencies to evaluate the environmental attributes of the products and services they purchase. Former President Clinton signed Executive Order 12873 on October 20, 1993.

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