1999 PPIS Grants
Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.
Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
Region 2 (NJ, NY, PR, VI)
Region 3 (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV)
Region 4 (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN)
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI)
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE)
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY)
Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NV, AS, GU)
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA)
CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA FUNDING: $49,200 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) maintains an ongoing partnership with the Connecticut State Technology Extension Program (ConnSTEP) to provide onsite P2 technical assistance to manufacturers in the state. As a continuation of the 1998 Pollution Prevention Incentives for States (PPIS) grant, ConnSTEP engineers will perform initial site visits, document and evaluate the processes used by each facility, make P2 and compliance recommendations, assist clients with implementation, and evaluate the outcome of each visit. ConnSTEP engineers will work with their current client base, which includes the metal fabrication, electronic manufacturing, industrial machinery, plastics, instrumentation, and transportation industries. Connecticut DEP will maintain anonymous case studies of selected manufacturers assisted through ConnSTEP and will also contribute articles to Advantage for Connecticut Manufacturers, ConnSTEP's bimonthly publication. Connecticut DEP will provide support for the Connecticut Environmental Network by purchasing and staffing a booth at the Connecticut Business and Industry Expo. To facilitate ongoing statewide P2 activities, Connecticut DEP will contract a professional librarian to inventory, categorize, and cross- reference its library of P2 materials.
"TRAINING AND ASSESSMENTS"
MAINE OFFICE OF INNOVATION AND ASSISTANCE
EPA FUNDING: $55,000 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Maine Office of Innovation and Assistance (OIA) will hire a part-time staff person to coordinate onsite P2 training efforts, as well as expand P2 and compliance assistance to the metal plating/finishing and wood products industries. OIA will develop four training modules to address recent legislative changes to the state's P2 regulations. OIA will offer two training opportunities to staff members: a Northeast Waste Management Officials Association (NEWMOA) training session for permit writers and the National Enforcement Training Institute's P2 training for compliance and enforcement personnel. OIA will hold the training sessions at the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) offices to enable all interested staff to attend. In addition, OIA will partner with the Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP) to deliver a general overview of P2 in Maine, and provide Environmental Management Systems (EMS) concepts training to small business owners. OIA will distribute evaluation forms at the end of each training module to solicit participant feedback and improve future sessions. Finally, OIA will conduct P2 and compliance assessment visits to a maximum of five companies in the targeted industry sectors.
"MERCURY IN HOSPITAL WASTE STREAMS"
MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA FUNDING: $42,200 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) will develop a program to reduce mercury use in hospital procedures and raise awareness of hospital practices using mercury and other persistent bioaccumulative toxins (PBTs). Spurred by the New England Regional Mercury Action Plan endorsed by area governors, Massachusetts DEP seeks to cut the state's mercury emissions in half by 2003. Massachusetts DEP will offer a training curriculum and informational materials about mercury recycling and waste reduction strategies. The department will also provide potential cost savings to hospitals that reduce their use of mercury, and measurement techniques to staff at the Lowell Center for Sustainable Hospitals (LCSH) and the Office of Technical Assistance (OTA). Trainees working in teams composed of Massachusetts DEP, LCSH, and OTA staff will perform audits at participating hospitals to assist them in forming mercury reduction plans. Massachusetts DEP will target smaller institutions that generally do not have the necessary resources to hire outside contractors for environmental assistance. Massachusetts DEP will compile evaluations and case studies based on audit information. Finally, Massachusetts DEP will develop measures of progress for P2 and produce a demonstration project to illustrate the benefits of mercury waste reduction.
"ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERABLE PRODUCTS"
MASSACHUSETTS OFFICE OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
EPA FUNDING: $42,200 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) will continue working with partner organizations to develop a process that public and private enterprises will adopt for identifying, selecting, and using environmentally preferable products. As part of this project, OTA will create specifications that include P2 and Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) principles into new contracts. OTA will also help improve coordination among purchasing agencies to better develop and publicize EPP practices and concepts. OTA will partner with the state purchasing agency, Massachusetts Operational Services Division (OSD), to target the health care industry. This will include reviewing current contracts used by hospitals for toxic materials and, where alternatives are available, setting up contracts for less toxic replacements. OTA will also assist hospitals in evaluating new bids. Additionally, OTA and OSD will target cleaning and building maintenance products. OSD will collaborate with current vendors to expand the EPP Janitorial Cleaners Contract to include environmentally preferable strippers and finishes, as well as low-phosphate laundry and dish detergents. Finally, OTA will partner with the Massachusetts Division of Capital Asset Management (DCAM) to write drop-in specifications. These specifications, which will be included in construction and renovation Requests for Response, will cover low-emission and less toxic building materials, including adhesives, pressboard, floor and wall coverings, stains, and varnishes. OTA hopes to refine the EPP process to encourage private enterprises to participate.
"TOXICS USE REDUCTION IN THE HEALTH CARE SECTOR"
NEW HAMPSHIRE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES
EPA FUNDING: $70,000 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) will partner with EPA Region 1 staff, other New England state goverment agencies, and local trade organizations to promote toxics use reduction at health care facilities, with a particular emphasis on mercury reduction. NHDES will accomplish this through existing P2 infrastructure, as well as by developing an assistance program focusing on hospitals and dental care facilities. NHDES will partner with the New Hampshire Hospital Association (NHHA) to survey the environmental management practices of area hospitals to obtain baseline information. NHDES will provide training and assistance to two volunteer facilities and identify mentor hospitals with model programs already in place. Additionally, NHDES will prepare a checklist and guide to assist hospitals with continuous environmental improvement. NHDES will also provide assistance services to dental facilities. As part of the program, NHDES will partner with the New Hampshire Dental Society and the New Hampshire Dental Hygienist Association to provide guidance to the dental industry. This will include instruction on proper management of mercury-containing waste, compliance assistance with environmental laws and regulations, and encouragement to use alternative products.
"ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS"
RHODE ISLAND NARRAGANSETT BAY COMMISSION
EPA FUNDING: $32,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
Rhode Island Narragansett Bay Commission (NBC) will develop a program to train and assist the industrial community in forming site-specific Environmental Management Systems (EMS). NBC will offer guidance, including technical and compliance assistance, P2 implementation, and employee environmental training, to small industrial facilities lacking the resources to hire their own environmental consulting services. NBC will initiate dialogue with Massachusetts regulatory agencies to establish contact with organizations within that state that have implemented or are in the process of creating EMS programs. NBC will partner with the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (RIDEM) to educate the state's industrial community about P2 practices, assist industrial facilities in implementing energy and water conservation measures, and motivate the industrial community to practice source reduction approaches over "end-of-pipe" waste management. NBC sponsored an EMS workshop for businesses in the spring of 2000, and will sponsor a workshop at the Rhode Island P2 Conference and Expo in the fall. NBC's EMS program complements two existing programs, including the Metal Finishing 2000 and CLEAN-P2 Regulatory Relief initiatives, as well as the Metal Finishing Guidance Manual (produced as part of the Common Sense Initiative).
"P2 ASSISTANCE FOR THE TURF GRASS INDUSTRY"
UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND
EPA FUNDING: $30,000 LENGTH: 3 YRS.
This University of Rhode Island (URI) project will address the debate about the impacts of typical turf farm and golf course management practices on ground-water pollution levels. As part of this project, URI researchers will conduct standard chemical tests to determine the status of nutrient losses related to the often inefficient use of fertilizer and water by turf farmers and golf course managers. URI will partner with Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (RIDEM) to promote awareness of the relationship between improper management practices and high levels of nutrient loss. URI will also partner with the Rhode Island Program Office of EPA Region 1 to provide guidance to the target industries. This guidance will include a voluntary environmental audit program, including onsite technical assistance and a field plot demonstration. The demonstration will provide an illustration of best management practices and the link between cost-effectiveness and the efficient use of fertilizer and water. URI will train audit program participants to apply both fertilizer and water at the most opportune times. This shows golf course managers and turf farmers how to reduce fertilizer and water use without compromising turf grass quality. In addition, URI will train golf course management businesses and turf farmers to take monitoring samples of soil and water within their production areas.
"STRATEGIC GOALS PROGRAM AND MERCURY REDUCTION"
UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND
EPA FUNDING: $52,400
The University of Rhode Island (URI) will partner with the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (RIDEM) and the Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation to promote P2 practices among the metal finishing and health care industries. As part of this project, URI will assist participating metal finishers with developing a tracking program to assess the effectiveness of P2 efforts. For the health care industry, URI will assist RIDEM in performing onsite assessments of facilities to develop cost-effective P2 strategies to reduce mercury waste. In addition, URI will continue to provide technical assistance to statewide P2 efforts through its Center for Pollution Prevention. Finally, URI will develop a technology transfer program with the RI Economic Development Corporation and RIDEM to facilitate sharing successful methodologies.
"P2 CHALLENGE TO BUSINESSES"
VERMONT DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
EPA FUNDING: $65,000 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) will use the Vermont Environmental Assistance Partnership (VEAP) to work with the Small Business Development Center (SBDC) and the Vermont Manufacturing Extension Center (VMEC) to provide environmental assistance to local businesses. Vermont DEC will also develop a mercury and dioxin reduction challenge to assist hospitals with virtually eliminating their use of mercury and reducing their use of PVC plastics that can form dioxins upon incineration for disposal. As part of this project, Vermont DEC will coordinate with a similar program in New Hampshire to assist hospitals located near the border between the states. Vermont DEC will continue to support the Vermont Business Environmental Partnership (BEP) in providing environmental assistance to the hotel and printing industries. SBDC will assist in conducting onsite visits to facilities, and Vermont DEC will coordinate with other regulatory programs to encourage greater participation and possibly provide regulatory incentives. Vermont DEC also will publish one industry sector-specific P2 and compliance guide. Finally, Vermont DEC will manage a P2 innovation grants program to provide financial assistance to organizations in the manufacturing, trade association, and service sectors with an interest in implementing innovative P2 projects.
"P2 ASSISTANCE FOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT"
THE HOULTON BAND OF MALISEET INDIANS
EPA FUNDING: $31,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
Maliseet tribal leaders will coordinate with the Native American Division of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and Indian Health Services (IHS) to incorporate P2 principles into the design and construction of a 35-unit residential community planned for its members. In 1994, HUD, BIA, and IHS constructed a residential community on Maliseet lands that did not take advantage of P2 concepts. Maliseet leaders hope to educate the agencies about P2 principles to ensure that future housing developments will be sustainably planned and constructed. Finally, the Maliseet government will foster awareness of P2 strategies within the tribal community to encourage individual members to behave in ways that will preserve their natural resources. As part of this project, the Maliseet government will hire an engineering consultant to plan and implement the most efficient use of locally obtained and renewable building materials, install low-flow plumbing equipment, and to design homes to protect and maintain indoor air quality. Furthermore, the Maliseet government will situate the buildings to minimize runoff damage to shorelands and wetlands while taking advantage of natural drainage ways. Maliseet leaders will also provide renewable energy to the homes by using sources such as wind generation and solar power. Through this project, Maliseet leaders will have the opportunity to learn modern P2 methods and incorporate them into daily life.
"STRATEGIC GOALS PROGRAM FOR METAL FINISHERS"
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION POLLUTION PREVENTION UNIT
EPA FUNDING: $25,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) will establish a forum series to provide representatives from the metal finishing industry, labor, environmental groups, and government with a means of creating nonadversarial working relationships. DEC will structure the forums to examine existing financial assistance programs and discuss creation of new means of assistance, as well as development of incentives and protection for companies pursuing responsible site management. DEC will also pinpoint new methods for identifying potentially noncompliant facilities, develop enforcement programs for chronic violators, and determine some degree of operational flexibility for top performers. To encourage program participation, DEC will provide compliance guidance to facilities, including onsite technical assistance visits to help identify P2 opportunities, and promote awareness of new technology and the key environmental parameters that affect overall facility performance. Through this program, DEC intends to effect improved resource utilization; a decrease in hazardous emissions, exposure, and costs; and an increase in economic payback.
"RE-MOO-VING MERCURY MANOMETERS FROM DAIRY FARMS"
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION POLLUTION PREVENTION UNIT
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) plans to reduce or eliminate mercury and related products and containing devices as part of a broad, comprehensive, state mercury action strategy. DEC will partner with the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets Division of Milk Control to conduct onsite surveys identifying the locations of mercury manometers on more than 8,500 dairy farms within the state. DEC estimates that mercury manometers are used by approximately 15 percent of dairy farmers, including farms that have gone out of operation. Mercury manometers are used in the milking process and can leak dangerous amounts of mercury vapor into the atmosphere, plus deposit toxic levels of mercury into streams and lakes, contaminating the food supply. DEC will establish a working relationship with Cornell Cooperative Extension Service to research the costs associated with mercury replacement, removal of old equipment, installation of new equipment, and disposal or recycling of used mercury. DEC will publish educational materials for farmers based on its findings. Finally, DEC will prepare a report containing the mercury manometer survey results, a summary of farmer responses, and a step-by-step guide to help farmers implement successful mercury manometer replacement programs.
"P2 TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND OUTREACH"
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
EPA FUNDING: $100,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) will expand existing technical assistance and outreach efforts to include the pulp and paper industry, marinas, and state institutional facilities. As part of this project, DEC will develop a self-audit manual and a companion P2 guide for the target industries. For the pulp and paper industry, DEC will partner with Empire State Development (ESD) and Environmental Facilities Corp. (EFC) to develop training materials and conduct workshops for facility representatives. Because many of the state's paper facilities are too small to afford their own environmental consulting services, DEC will use case studies based on larger firms as examples. Overall, DEC will educate the paper industry about the dangers caused by its releases of metals, dioxins, and chlorinated hydrocarbons into the environment. DEC will foster partnerships among its internal offices to provide education and outreach to the marina industry about P2 methods and less-toxic alternatives to commonly used substances. DEC will hold workshops for marina managers on P2 opportunities available to them, including boat maintenance and repair techniques; hazardous materials handling; storm- water control; boat fueling; dredging; shoreline stabilization; and cleaning, inspecting, and removing potentially invasive biota from boats. Finally, DEC will partner with New York State Center for Integrated Waste Management (CIWM) to conduct outreach to institutional facilities. CIWM will conduct P2 workshops for the environmental managers of academic and medical facilities, and other facilities with campus settings. As part of the workshops, CIWM will cover topics including creating a central purchasing and inventory management system for chemical supplies, developing a transportation management plan to decrease vehicle emissions, and substituting non- or less-toxic alternatives for commonly used hazardous cleaning agents.
"SOURCE REDUCTION AND REPLACEMENT OF HAZARDOUS SOLVENTS IN AUTO
COMMONWEALTH OF PUERTO RICO SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
EPA FUNDING: $284,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Puerto Rico Solid Waste Management Authority (SWMA) will offer P2 assistance to approximately 15,000 auto repair shops. SWMA will help mechanics establish procedures to decrease dependence on, manage, and dispose of hazardous solvents used in daily operations. SWMA will partner with the Environmental Quality Board (EQB) to offer special incentives to auto repair shops that practice resource recovery, clean manufacturing processes, and substitute nontoxic materials for commonly used hazardous substances. SWMA will offer onsite assessments and evaluations of existing environmental practices and their cost-effectiveness relative to P2 techniques. In addition, SWMA will provide technical and compliance assistance, training in best management practices for toxic solvents, and information about the economic benefits of waste reduction. SWMA will partner with the Automotive Mechanics and Technicians Association of Puerto Rico (AMTAPR) to promote increased use of organic solvents in auto repair shops. AMTAPR will coordinate training sessions and publicize the P2 effort in its newsletter. Finally, Aguadilla College will assist SWMA in preparing bilingual versions of printed educational materials.
"REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE"
DELAWARE DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC) will expand P2 outreach, education, and technical assistance for the small business community. DNREC will assist businesses in developing reduction goals, strengthen voluntary programs designed to help businesses meet their goals, and develop a tracking system to measure the success of specific efforts. Because small businesses in particular tend to lack the resources to implement their own P2 practices, DNREC will collaborate with the Small Business Development Center, local chambers of commerce, and trade associations to conduct outreach efforts. DNREC will also continue to perform onsite P2 technical assistance visits to educate interested facility managers about P2 concepts and opportunities. As part of this effort, DNREC will work with the Delaware Manufacturers' Alliance (DMA) to provide thorough followup to visited companies and will establish a partnership with the Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW) to assist companies in reducing wastes that would otherwise require pretreatment. In addition, DNREC will develop commercial outreach programs for the food handling, marina, hotel, and retail industries. To publicize the program, DNREC will publish success stories and offer a P2 Industry Roundtable to facilitate business-to-business discussion of P2 successes and shared concerns. Finally, DNREC will extend its outreach program to the general public by promoting P2 to local environmental groups, working with the Department of Public Instruction to reduce waste from middle and high school science labs, and fostering an internship program for college students to assist Delaware companies with P2 programs.
"MULTIMEDIA P2 PROGRAM FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA"
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH ADMINISTRATION
EPA FUNDING: $40,000 LENGTH: 21 MONTHS
The District of Columbia Environmental Health Administration (DCEHA) will expand and build upon previous P2 efforts by establishing a P2/Waste Minimization and Compliance Assistance Program. As part of this project, DCEHA will organize a conference and workshops to promote P2 technologies and management strategies to area businesses, institutions, local government agencies, and communities. DCEHA will also develop a Pilot P2 Measurement and Assessment Tracking System to monitor the success of the overall project effort. The pilot project will monitor behavioral changes among members of the target audience to determine the level of effort involved in adopting P2 technologies. In addition, the project will monitor the relationship between the increased use of P2 strategies and pollution levels, assess economic impacts attributable to P2, and maintain a database of P2 success stories. Finally, DCEHA plans to expand its technical assistance, education, and outreach capabilities, possibly by utilizing interested senior citizen and retired volunteers. Because the Capital region encompasses parts of Maryland and Virginia, DCEHA will coordinate its efforts with the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (COG). This combined effort will support programs designed to improve the health of the Chesapeake Bay area and watershed, including the 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreement and Businesses for the Bay. DCEHA also will focus on the quality of the Potomac and Anacostia River watersheds to provide quantifiable P2 results.
"INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY CURRICULUM AND MENTORING PROJECT"
CATONSVILLE CAMPUS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF BALTIMORE COUNTY, MARYLAND
EPA FUNDING: $9,500 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Catonsville Campus of the Community College of Baltimore County will provide industrial ecology training to environmental managers working in regulated Maryland companies. The project will focus on small and medium-sized businesses lacking resources to explore P2 and industrial ecology principles on their own. The Catonsville project recognizes that, taken as a whole, small businesses account for a significant amount of nonpoint source pollution. This project will target farmers, printers, machine shops, manufacturers, metal finishers, dry cleaners, and photo labs. To facilitate this effort, the Catonsville project has established a coalition of environmental managers from large businesses, including Bethlehem Steel, Black & Decker, W.R. Grace, Chesapeake Finished Metals, and Procter & Gamble, to translate industrial ecology principles and practices into processes applicable to the small business perspective. These company representatives and others like them will be available to mentor interested small businesses. As part of this project, Catonsville will offer a series of 1-day industrial ecology workshops for small businesses, a 3-day course for upper level managers, semester-length credit and noncredit training courses for technical personnel, and a formal framework for the mentoring program. In addition, the project will design a core curriculum adaptable to the unique economic and environmental needs of various sites. This curriculum will be distributed through the 400 community colleges in the Partnership for Environmental Technology Education (PETE).
"MARYLAND PARTNERS IN P2"
MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 18 MONTHS
The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) will partner with other state environmental assistance providers to coordinate P2 efforts. MDE will focus on businesses in the Baltimore Harbor basin area that use, discharge, or handle toxic substances during their operations. As part of this project, MDE will improve communication links among technical assistance organizations and establish a mechanism to distribute the workload. MDE is working to integrate P2 into permitting, compliance, and enforcement procedures and expects this to increase the number of incoming technical assistance requests. In addition, MDE will continue to provide onsite P2 assessments to small and medium-sized businesses and provide support to Businesses for the Bay, a voluntary P2 program designed to improve the health of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. To increase technical assistance capacity, MDE will partner with the University of Maryland at College Park's Technology Extension Service (MTES) to create a graduate internship program. The internships will provide engineering students with practical, onsite P2 assessment experience. Finally, MDE will measure P2 activities undertaken by businesses and publicize success stories in the form of case studies.
"PENNSYLVANIA ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK"
PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 16 MONTHS
The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's (PADEP) Office of Pollution Prevention and Compliance Assistance (OPPCA) will expand two existing P2 programs and create a third. OPPCA will focus on small to medium-sized businesses because they tend to lack resources to develop their own P2 programs. OPPCA will enhance the EnviroHELP program, a confidential technical assistance program that helps small business owners navigate environmental regulations and implement cost-effective remedies. OPPCA will sponsor environmental seminars and a hotline through EnviroHELP, plus provide P2 guidance documents for targeted industries. OPPCA will also expand the Pennsylvania Environmental Assistance Network (PEAN), a partnership of 24 technical assistance providers. OPPCA will educate all PEAN members about PADEP policies, focusing on strategic environmental management and accounting. In addition, OPPCA will fund a grant administrator to compile success stories for publication, encourage other technical assistance providers to join the network, and coordinate P2 efforts within PADEP. Finally, OPPCA will create a Multi-State Working Group on Environmental Management Systems (MSWG) Pilot Program. The MSWG will be composed of representatives from the Environmental Protection Agency, 12 states, and several non-governmental organizations. The program will research the effects of implementing environmental management systems on businesses. OPPCA will compile baseline data for participating businesses and develop an educational program to teach them how to establish environmental management systems. Businesses will submit biennial status reports, and MSWG will store the information in a national research database.
"ABC FOR FOOD INDUSTRY"
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY
EPA FUNDING: $20,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Pennsylvania Technical Assistance Program of Penn State University (PENNTAP) will build on existing P2 efforts and continue providing outreach and technical assistance to businesses. As part of this project, PENNTAP will solicit small and medium-sized businesses, preferably food manufacturers, to volunteer for a pilot program. PENNTAP will select one or two volunteer companies, process-map their facilities, obtain baseline waste and emissions data, and make P2 recommendations. PENNTAP will rely on Activity Based Costing (ABC) techniques to evaluate the best P2 opportunities for each facility. ABC techniques track waste and overall cost efficiency according to each specific activity the facility performs as part of its manufacturing operations. In addition, PENNTAP will conduct followup studies of the companies to quantify pollution reduction and to ascertain how much is attributable to P2 and ABC techniques. PENNTAP will also study the financial benefits manufacturers experience because of P2 implementation. Finally, PENNTAP will coordinate with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to produce a workbook of project methodologies and case studies based on successful efforts.
VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 16 MONTHS
The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) plans to enhance capacity in its Office of Pollution Prevention (OPP). As part of this program, DEQ will expand technical assistance outreach efforts, develop an environmental excellence program, and improve business-to-business mentoring infrastructure. To establish the environmental excellence program, DEQ will develop a participation process, criteria, regulatory incentives, and legislative authority. OPP has hired additional P2 technical assistance staff to expand its capacity for providing onsite visits; the office will also provide guidance, promotional, and feedback materials. DEQ plans to strengthen its mentoring program to provide better support to other P2 initiatives such as Businesses for the Bay, a voluntary P2 program designed to improve the Chesapeake Bay's health. As part of the mentoring program, businesses with successful P2 programs agree to share technology and expertise to help other businesses implement similar strategies. The mentoring program enables smaller businesses to learn about environmental management systems and compliance issues based on strategies developed by larger businesses with better resources. To strengthen this program, OPP will recruit new mentors, develop an "expertise list" to facilitate the matching process, provide promotional materials, and begin marketing the program more aggressively. Finally, DEQ will improve support for the Virginia Environmental Services Network (VESN), a statewide network of environmental service providers. As part of this effort, DEQ will hire a contractor to develop a VESN intranet and will expand its marketing effort to include new service providers in the network.
WEST VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection's (DEP) P2 Services Program will continue to provide regulatory and source reduction guidance to manufacturing extension partnerships (MEPs), industry, educational institutions, and government agencies. In particular, P2 Services offers assistance to members of the regulated community that have made a commitment to compliance through P2. P2 Services fosters an increased awareness of P2 environmental management practices and technological advancements. As part of its ongoing project work, P2 Services will collaborate with colleges to incorporate P2 principles into course work, perform onsite P2 assessments for industrial volunteers, develop presentations for trade associations, prepare educational/promotional materials such as posters and fact sheets, and compile a list of P2 success stories. The success stories will measure decreases in toxics use and overall waste generation by industrial facilities through P2 technical assistance. In addition, P2 Services will develop a plan to unite three DEP P2 technical assistance providers under one head: P2 Services, the Office of the Ombudsman, and the Office of Waste Management Source Reduction. By coordinating these three offices' efforts, P2 Services hopes to streamline and improve the efficiency of DEP's technical assistance capabilities. P2 Services will also create a low-interest loan program to assist small businesses in purchasing costly P2 equipment. Finally, P2 Services will organize a series of 1-day training sessions to familiarize the heads of all DEP divisions with P2 concepts and practices.
"P2 FOR THE PRINTING INDUSTRY"
ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
EPA FUNDING: $85,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
Printing industry facilities tend to be small but significant contributors to the waste stream. Because of their smaller size, these facilities often do not have in-house P2 capabilities. To address this problem, the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) will collaborate with the Waste Reduction and Technology Transfer Foundation (WRATT) to develop a P2 outreach program for the printing industry. As part of this program, ADEM will offer onsite assessments to interested facilities, a guidebook about implementing P2 strategies and best management practices, and six P2 seminars. In addition, ADEM will strengthen its core P2 program activities, including partnering with other environmental assistance providers, promoting the accomplishments of state environmental programs, developing activities for National P2 Week, and participating in local trade association meetings. In particular, ADEM will coordinate with other assistance providers, including WRATT, P2 Net, and the Auburn University Engineering Extension Service, to focus on implementing P2 practices within Alabama Department of Defense (DOD) facilities. ADEM will also develop a "P2 in the Home" seminar and an informational display in its lobby for National P2 Week. Finally, ADEM will attend and participate in local Air and Waste Management Association meetings to promote P2 principles to members.
"INTEGRATING P2 INTO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY"
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) will use the PPIS grant to fund two projects; the integration of P2 principles into local government practices and the promotion of P2 concepts to area businesses. Florida DEP's P2 Program will partner with Florida DEP's Hazardous Management Section to conduct the local government effort. As part of this project, Florida DEP will train more staff members on conducting onsite assessments. The training courses will stress the benefits of comprehensive, multimedia P2 strategies and techniques. To reach local businesses, Florida DEP will hire a contractor to identify the major industrial parks within the state and determine which facilities are good prospects for a P2 program. Criteria will include business sizes, types of operations, and estimates of the types and amounts of wastes generated by each unit in the parks. Florida DEP will then provide technology transfer opportunities to selected businesses in the form of four 1-day workshops, a speaker series, and printed educational materials. The workshops will focus on reducing persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic contaminants in waste.
"POLLUTION PREVENTION PARTNERS (P3) RECOGNITION PROGRAM"
GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) runs a voluntary P2 recognition program for businesses in the state. Because surveys indicate that many businesses find the voluntary program's reporting requirements prohibitive, DNR will evaluate and revise program criteria to make it more accessible. DNR will also align its criteria with activities businesses have already undertaken, such as implementing environmental management systems, and will improve and reprint program marketing materials. In addition, DNR will continue working on a partnership with the Department of Defense (DOD) to implement P2 practices in Georgia facilities. DNR will address the project's technology transfer aspect by collaborating with the University of Georgia's Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department to adapt DOD P2 practices to the private sector. DNR will also complete a solid waste and recycling resource guide for DOD facility managers and develop site-specific P2 plans for military bases. Finally, DNR's P2 Assistance Division will coordinate with the Environmental Protection Division (EPD), a separate regulatory arm of DNR. The partnership is designed to promote P2 awareness among EPD staff and to incorporate P2 concepts and practices into regulatory programs. These programs include Partnership for a Smog-Free Georgia, which targets ozone nonattainment issues in the Atlanta metro area.
"P2 SUPPORT FOR KENTUCKY"
KENTUCKY NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CABINET
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet (KNREPC) will continue its partnership with the Kentucky Pollution Prevention Center (KPPC), a technical information and assistance office located at the University of Louisville. By working collaboratively with public officials, businesses, and other technical assistance providers, KPPC and KNREPC plan to identify and make recommendations to promote P2 opportunities to local businesses. Specifically, KPPC will promote the reduction of persistent, bioaccumulative toxic (PBT) waste by the state's largest industrial generators. In addition, KNREPC will offer P2 training to assist managers of municipal pretreatment programs in locating their operations' P2 opportunities. This part of the project will focus primarily on wastes from the metal finishing, food processing, and molding and casting industries. The Kentucky Pretreatment Coordinators Association will work with KNREPC to refine the training sessions. KNREPC will also develop P2 guidance manuals for the restaurant and wood processes industries. Finally, KNREPC and KPPC will continue providing support to community-based water supply and ground-water protection programs. Working with Kentucky's Division of Water, KNREPC will provide informational and technical support for local wellhead protection and ground-water P2 efforts.
"SUPPORT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES CENTER"
MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) will continue providing technical and technology transfer assistance to businesses, local governments, and the general public. To accomplish this objective, MDEQ will work with the Mississippi Technical Assistance Program for Industry at Mississippi State University (MISSTAP) and the Environmental Resource Center (ERC). ERC consolidates the statewide P2 effort, Small Business Ombudsman, and public information functions into one MDEQ program. As part of the ongoing P2 project, MDEQ will analyze industry data, including Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and hazardous waste reports and facility P2 plans, to target businesses for outreach and technical assistance opportunities. ERC staff will perform onsite assessment visits to identify P2 opportunities and conduct followup meetings to determine the effectiveness and impacts of their advice. MDEQ will also collaborate with WRRC to establish an information/waste exchange system for members of the business, local government, and general communities. In addition, MDEQ will organize a regional P2 conference between EPA Regions 4 and 6 (states within the Tennessee Valley Authority) and the Department of Defense (DOD). MDEQ plans to form a P2 partnership with DOD facilities in the state and has already performed waste minimization analyses for Columbus and Keesler Air Force Bases and Gulfport Navy Base. MDEQ will develop an awards program to recognize organizations with successful P2 programs. Finally, ERC will publish a newsletter to highlight new P2 strategies, state and federal environmental regulations, case studies, technology transfer opportunities, and industry-specific P2 tips.
"P2 ASSISTANCE FOR GROUND-WATER MANAGEMENT"
NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES
EPA FUNDING: $90,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources' (DENR) Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance (DPPEA) will continue coordinating with other technical assistance providers, including the Small Business Ombudsman, the Division of Energy, and the Small Business Technology Development Center. DPPEA will provide technical assistance to industrial facilities interested in implementing environmental management systems with a focus on P2. In addition, DPPEA will improve its targeted sector P2 outreach. As part of this effort, DPPEA will partner with DENR's Division of Water Quality to identify facilities most at risk of contributing to ground-water contamination. For this project, DPPEA will consider the facility's discharge system and the type and quantity of chemicals stored on site. DPPEA will also partner with DENR's Hazardous Waste Section to offer technical assistance designed to reduce usage of persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) chemicals. Many small businesses are unaware the chemicals they use or produce are classified as PBTs or even that these chemicals are targeted for reduction, so DPPEA intends to develop an outreach and education program for them. DPPEA will also offer training to Hazardous Waste Section staff to familiarize them with PBT policies and reduction techniques. To measure the project's success, DPPEA will develop a tracking system to monitor each facility's efforts. Finally, DPPEA will produce a video and partner with the Manufacturers and Chemical Industrial Council of North Carolina to sponsor a training workshop to educate members about hazardous waste.
"PBT REDUCTION THROUGH MERCURY ACTION PLAN"
SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control's (DHEC) Center for Waste Minimization will implement a mercury action plan to target Department of Defense (DOD) facilities within the state and expand other technical assistance efforts. DHEC will collaborate with the University of South Carolina's Center for Environmental Policy and the South Carolina Department of Defense Pollution Prevention Alliance to conduct onsite base assessments for mercury usage. The Marine Corps Recruit Depot at Parris Island has volunteered to pilot the program. In addition, DHEC will develop standardized inventory sheets for tracking mercury storage on bases, provide research assistance to bases interested in finding alternatives to mercury usage, and identify preferred disposal and treatment methods. The Center for Waste Minimization will also work with the Bureau of Water's Non-Point Source Program to foster awareness of the impacts nonpoint sources can have on the environment and will provide examples of responsible generator behavior. Finally, DHEC will continue to provide technical assistance by making presentations to show waste generators how P2 practices can help companies reduce their waste management and regulatory burdens.
"TENNESSEE POLLUTION PREVENTION PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE"
TENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
EPA FUNDING: $60,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation's (DEC) Division of Community Assistance (DCA) will continue to provide support for the Tennessee Pollution Prevention Partnership program (TP3). TP3 is a forum for organizations and individuals to commit resources to statewide P2 efforts. DCA will expand the outreach program for TP3 to include all levels of schools, the general public and individuals, and government agencies. As part of this program, DCA will offer training workshops to businesses and other state agencies at the Annual Solid and Hazardous Waste Conference, conduct onsite P2 assessments, and issue a quarterly newsletter to highlight P2 technology improvements for industry. DCA will also reach small business owners by incorporating the principles and concepts of P2 into the Small Business Assistance Program. In addition, DCA will create a P2 section in DEC's library and partner with the Department of Defense (DOD) to provide P2 training on military bases within the state. Finally, DCA will assist DEC in reorganizing its permitting system to allow P2 discussions with businesses requesting new construction permits.
"TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR METAL FINISHERS"
ILLINOIS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
EPA FUNDING: $110,000 LENGTH: 15 MONTHS
The Illinois Municipal Water Reclamation District (MWRD) of greater Chicago and other sanitary districts plan to implement EPA's Common Sense Initiative for Metal Finishers at the local level. MWRD will coordinate with the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Illinois Waste Management and Research Center (WMRC), North Business and Industrial Council (NORBIC) and Citizens for a Better Environment (CBE) to develop a voluntary, performance-based system that offers technical assistance and regulatory incentives to top-performing metal finishers. The four parts of this system are public recognition, regulatory flexibility, technical assistance, and financial incentives. Participating metal finishers will commit to meeting performance targets, including reduced toxic releases, increased energy efficiency, and improved metals utilization. They will also be expected to share information among themselves and with the community. As part of this project, Illinois EPA will offer onsite visits to identify P2 opportunities and project financing alternatives and to establish the company's baseline environmental performance. Illinois EPA will also provide "Clean Break" compliance assessments to verify companies' attainment of program goals. WMRC will provide onsite technical assistance and assist companies in evaluating new P2 technologies. NORBIC will provide assistance in evaluating compliance and environmental enforcement, and CBE will develop opportunities for top-performing metal finishers to receive public recognition for their efforts.
"TRI ASSISTANCE FOR METAL FINISHERS"
INDIANA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
EPA FUNDING: $95,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
Indiana's Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) will continue to implement the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) quality assurance program and the strategic goals initiative, both to assist the metal finishing industry. In addition, IDEM will work to ensure a cooperative effort among state environmental technical assistance providers and foster partnerships with additional organizations. As part of this effort, IDEM will evaluate the proposed Indiana Environmental Extension Network (IEEN), a service designed to help improve the productivity, profitability, and environmentally sound operation of the state's manufacturers. As part of the TRI quality assurance program, IDEM will continue to review TRI Form R data for accuracy and will provide educational outreach to help business representatives understand the forms. In addition, IDEM will schedule check-in meetings with the largest reporters and offer open workshops to explain TRI, raise public awareness of the toxics use reduction effort, and list Indiana's uses for reported data. As part of the strategic goals initiative, IDEM will target metal finishers lacking full-time environmental compliance staff. IDEM will tailor educational materials to the perspective of employees who handle environmental compliance issues in addition to other responsibilities. The strategic goals program is designed to target the root causes of environmental regulatory violations and to promote actions that minimize or eliminate those problems. Finally, IDEM will simplify and clarify regulatory requirements to make them more understandable.
"MICHIGAN METAL FINISHING P2 PROJECT"
MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
EPA FUNDING: $104,184 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Environmental Assistance Division (EAD) will improve the coordination and delivery of its services to the metal finishing industry through the Pollution Prevention Metal Finishing Project (MFP2). EAD will use DEQ's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), Hazardous Chemical Inventory, and Air Emissions databases to conduct an analysis of the environmental impacts of the metal finishing industry. EAD will use this information to tailor MFP2 to the pollutants most frequently generated by metal finishers. As part of MFP2, EAD will hire a half-time engineer to develop P2 case studies, fact sheets, and checklists customized for Michigan's metal finishing industry. MFP2 will emphasize voluntary P2 efforts through outreach, technical assistance, recognition programs, incentives, and technology transfer opportunities. EAD will coordinate with DEQ regulatory staff to promote MFP2 to targeted metal finishers. In addition, EAD will utilize the Retired Engineer Technical Assistance Program (RETAP) to locate retired engineers with metal finishing experience to provide onsite assistance to companies. EAD will also coordinate with other regulatory programs, including the Strategic Goals for Metal Finishers Initiative and the Clean Corporate Citizen Program, to recognize companies for their P2 efforts. Finally, EAD will establish a Web site for MFP2 and collaborate with other state technical assistance providers to target outreach and assistance efforts.
"P2 AND MEASUREMENT"
MINNESOTA POLLUTION CONTROL AGENCY
EPA FUNDING: $87,133 (PPG) LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) will continue to expand its P2 program by measuring the economic and environmental benefits of current P2 activity; establishing pilot programs to reinvent regulatory oversight; and targeting priority pollutants, including air toxics, ozone depleters, nitrogen oxides, phosphorus, pesticides, and bioaccumulative metals. As part of this effort, MPCA will select a top-performing regulated company to participate in the Innovations Project. MPCA will waive all formal monitoring compliance, permitting, and inspections requirements to allow the company to divert resources from administrative costs to production changes. MPCA will also implement the Industrial Ecology Initiative, which focuses on moving beyond compliance to reduce environmental hazards. This initiative will target pollutants whose levels have not responded to other efforts. In addition, MPCA will establish a loan program to help small businesses invest in P2 technologies and compile success stories based on P2 efforts. MPCA will also support technical assistance efforts for the Metal Finishing Common Sense Initiative, designed to help metal finishers implement P2 strategies to lower emissions and raise productivity. MPCA will also offer funding to the Minnesota Design Team, which helps communities create blueprints to guide their long-term environmental, economic, and social goals. Finally, MPCA will review more than 300 total facility air quality permit applications to determine whether the companies are eligible for lower burden permit options that were not available when the applications were submitted.
"P2 PROJECT SUPPORTS"
OHIO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
EPA FUNDING: $85,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Pollution Prevention (OPP) will work with five P2 programs, including the Ohio Hospital P2 Initiative, the Ohio Statewide Environmental Network (OSEN), the state Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP) Program, and the Ohio Solar Schools project. It will also integrate P2 into the Ohio EPA and regulatory programs. As part of the hospital program, OPP will collaborate with U.S. EPA Region 5, the American Hospital Association, and the Ohio Hospital Association to reduce hospital mercury generation, decrease overall waste volume, and identify additional P2 target substances. For the OSEN project, OPP will continue to coordinate the network, which offers environmental assistance to small and midsize manufacturers. This effort includes Web site and list server maintenance, organizing periodic training events, and dispatching technical assistance requests. As part of the EPP program, OPP will review current purchasing activities within state agencies and identify opportunities for expanding EPP. The solar schools project has been established to combat Ohio's high NOx and CO2 emissions from electric utilities. OPP will support the Foundation for Environmental Education's pilot program to donate a solar roof to one school. Finally, as part of the P2 integration project, OPP will educate other Ohio EPA offices and regulatory staff about P2 concepts and practices.
"P2 FOR METAL FINISHERS AND GREENING THE MUNICIPAL FLEET"
WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
EPA FUNDING: $88,183 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) will provide technical assistance resources to the metal finishing industry and educate municipal fleet managers about green purchasing concepts. As part of the metal finishing program, DNR will hire staff to promote P2 within the industry, encourage facilities to go beyond compliance, and improve government relations. DNR will collaborate with the Wisconsin Chapter of the American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers to establish a database of metal finishing firms and distribute P2 educational materials. DNR will also partner with the Solid and Hazardous Waste Education Center to develop a "report card" system to classify facilities according to environmental performance. DNR will use these ratings for a public recognition program and to develop case studies for successful facilities. In addition, DNR will organize workshops and training sessions to address P2 issues and concerns chosen by metal finishers. As part of the municipal fleet project, DNR will use the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy's Green Guide to Cars and Trucks to educate fleet purchasers about P2. DNR will promote the incorporation of environmental criteria into municipal vehicle purchasing to increase the market for energy-efficient models.
"COMMUNITY-BASED DEPLOYMENT OF THE GREEN ZIA PROGRAM"
NEW MEXICO ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT
EPA FUNDING: $130,000 LENGTH:
New Mexico's Environment Department will continue to expand the Green Zia Environmental Excellence Program, which delivers public recognition, tools, and technical assistance to organizations committed to developing P2-based environmental management systems. Green Zia's long-term goal is zero waste generation. As part of the program, Green Zia offers a Technical Resource Center to coordinate assistance efforts among New Mexico's service providers. Green Zia encourages the use of technical assistance techniques, including process mapping, activity-based costing, root cause analysis, brain writing (generating many ideas rather than one "right" solution), bubble-up/bubble-down (a method of prioritizing alternatives), and action planning. Green Zia also offers an annual environmental excellence awards program. The pilot expansion program will target four economically and geographically representative communities to receive training and special assistance. Green Zia will designate one "anchor business" per community to serve as a demonstration site. Green Zia will then offer training to community members and local small business owners using Nothing to Waste and Systems Approach to P2.
"STATE P2 INTEGRATION"
OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
EPA FUNDING: $69,500 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Pollution Prevention Program (P2P) will continue to collaborate with the Small Business Assistance Program (SBAP) to provide technical assistance to businesses. P2P plans to adopt simplified procedures to foster a community-based, nonregulatory assistance program. In addition, P2P will integrate P2 concepts into a wide range of agency activities, including permitting and inspections. As part of this project, P2P will review agency programs to identify P2 education opportunities and to analyze existing rules and policies to ensure they favor P2 approaches to waste reduction. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) inspectors will contact P2P staff prior to onsite visits to advise companies of the financial and environmental benefits of implementing P2 practices. DEQ will also emphasize P2 opportunities in the permitting process to streamline the technical assistance program, strengthen the effectiveness of permitting, and encourage businesses to practice source reduction. To help establish P2 as the favored method of reducing waste, DEQ will also incorporate it into enforcement settlements.
"P2 FOR COAL- AND OIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS"
LOWER COLORADO RIVER AUTHORITY, TEXAS
EPA FUNDING: $90,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) will develop and implement a pilot P2 program to assist coal- and/or oil-fired power plants recently subject to Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) reporting. The program's goal is to decrease annual toxic releases in Texas. LCRA will partner with the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to establish baseline data showing the relationship between P2 practices and reduced toxic release inventory (TRI) emissions in the industry. LCRA will use its Fayette Power Project to develop the program. LCRA plans to identify P2 opportunities common to electric utilities and to provide detailed technical and economic feasibility studies for the most promising options. TNRCC will use information gained from the pilot program as contextual information for evaluating TRI reports. In addition, LCRA will develop case studies and a technology transfer system to encourage other electric utilities to adopt P2 procedures. Finally, LCRA will form an EPA Region 6 Electric Utility Industry P2 Workgroup to facilitate the transfer of information among environmental assistance providers.
"WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY"
RAILROAD COMMISSION OF TEXAS
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Railroad Commission of Texas (RRC) will partner with the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) and the Texas Manufacturers Assistance Center to expand its Waste Minimization Program for the oil and gas industry. This program is the state's primary source of P2 technical assistance for the industry. RRC will target smaller operators that have been historically underserved by the program. As part of this effort, RRC will distribute P2 information via the Internet, WasteMin software, and responses to technical assistance requests. WasteMin produces waste minimization plans for specific facilities or areas of operation based on user input. In addition, RRC will staff a booth at four oil and gas industry conferences and trade shows. It will also sponsor six 1-day training workshops focusing on waste minimization for specific operations, including well drilling and completion, production, natural gas processing, and pipeline transport. RRC will also publish a newsletter to highlight advances in P2 technology and case studies based on successful industry P2 practices.
TEXAS NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION COMMISSION
EPA FUNDING: $100,000 LENGTH: 23 MONTHS
The Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) will continue to provide P2 technical assistance and outreach to a broad range of audiences. As part of this effort, TNRCC will develop P2 educational materials for facilities participating in the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Program and located near impaired waterways. TNRCC will conduct onsite assistance visits at five selected facilities to demonstrate the correlation of P2 to reduced release levels. TNRCC will follow up with these facilities to assess their efforts and will develop case studies for distribution via the Internet and future outreach efforts. TNRCC will also offer 1-day training sessions on incorporating P2 principles into business planning to members of its Office of Pollution Prevention and Recycling (OPPR) voluntary waste minimization programs. In addition, TNRCC will partner with the Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center (TMAC) to formalize an environmental services provider network coordinating the technical assistance and outreach efforts of the state's environmental organizations.
"POLLUTION PREVENTION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE WORKSHOPS"
IOWA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
EPA FUNDING: $170,000 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Waste Management Assistance Division (WMAD) will implement a series of pollution prevention (P2) workshops aimed at three groups: technical assistance providers, business and industry, and existing Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP) clients. Technical assistance providers throughout the state will receive training in multi-media P2 planning and environmental management systems. The training will include tools and materials to enable the providers to deliver the training to their own business and industry clients. In addition, three to four workshops will help increase business and industry awareness of the benefits of facility-wide, multi-media P2 planning and EMSs. The grantee will provide attendees with the necessary tools, information, and materials to develop plans and systems. WRAP will provide similar P2 planning and EMS training to existing clients following an onsite assessment and the issuance of an assessment report. WMAD staff will share information on the project with other assistance providers within the Department of Natural Resources and through presentations at regional and national P2 workshops, publishing articles in WMAD's quarterly newsletter, and Web site updates.
"SPRAY TECHNIQUE ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH (STAR)"
IOWA WASTE REDUCTION CENTER
EPA FUNDING: $138,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
Changes in spray gun equipment can result in increased spray transfer efficiency. New technology means little, however, if spray operators use the equipment improperly or use correct techniques. The Iowa Waste Reduction Center's STAR program will conduct "train the trainer" workshops for auto body instructors from four community colleges and vocational technology schools in Iowa and Missouri. These instructors will receive education in training students proper spraying techniques, including spray distance, spray angle, lead and lag, gun patter, banding, and edging. The project will purchase equipment to establish the STAR program at each community college site, and STAR trainers will assist college instructors with the instructors' initial trainings. STAR will use a database to collect student's pretest and post test results, test score differences, and percent change; to measure projected yearly cost savings and yearly VOC reductions from improvement in transfer efficiency; and to measure the success of each site's STAR program.
"THE GREEN CAMPUS: P2 FOR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES"
CURATORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI
EPA FUNDING: $21,330 LENGTH: 1 YR.
University and college campuses contain numerous and varied business sectors (housing, food services, building maintenance, transportation, printing, energy services, etc.) under a central administration. The Curators of the University of Missouri seek to increase awareness of potential cost savings and environmental benefits associated with waste reduction, recycling, and the purchase of recycled-content products in academic institutions. The project will identify and evaluate existing technical assistance resources and create a Web site highlighting waste reduction strategies and resources. The project will also develop and implement a new reporting system for the Board of Higher Education to credit colleges and universities for energy and water conservation efforts, waste reduction, and recycled-content purchases. The new reporting system will allow agencies to access comprehensive data to evaluate academic institutions' progress toward reaching waste reduction goals. In the summer of 2000, a Green Campus Conference will be held for college and university representatives. Participation and conference participant evaluations will measure program effectiveness.
"MISSOURI P2 COORDINATION AND REGULATORY INTEGRATION"
MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (DNR)
EPA FUNDING: $90,735 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Missouri Department of Natural Resources (DNR) will conduct P2 activities supporting state environmental goals and priorities identified in the 1998 Performance Partnership Agreement. To accomplish the goals, Missouri DNR will continue to cooperate with other service providers and will seek to enhance these efforts by establishing a more formal method for coordinating with environmental assistance providers in the state.
Specific objectives include:
- Train regulatory staff on P2
- Develop quality informational resources on P2 and related issues
- Improve accessibility of existing P2 information
- Enhance coordination efforts among P2 service providers in Missouri
- Maintain coordination efforts with related state organizations
- Support and encourage P2 efforts through outreach activities
- Support and encourage P2 within the regulatory agency
- Support and encourage P2 efforts by using data resources effectively
"DEVELOPMENT OF P2 PROGRAM IN NEBRASKA"
NEBRASKA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
EPA FUNDING: $114,435 LENGTH: 2 YRS.
The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality is building on its 1998 PPIS grant by developing a P2 technical program for small businesses and industry. The program will employ undergraduate engineering student summer interns and graduate research assistants from the University of Nebraska to deliver onsite P2 information and training. The program's objectives are to:
- Deliver P2 technical assistance and training to approximately 240 small businesses, 15 industries, and selected trade association throughout Nebraska.
- Provide an educational foundation on P2 techniques and technologies for 5 graduate engineering students and approximately 55 undergraduate engineering students in EPA Region 4.
- Develop a new tool for measurement of P2 program effectiveness through standardized outcome assessment.
- Quantify project success by evaluating the technical assistance and training efforts using a traditional measure of effectiveness and feedback to improve the process.
"FY2000 STATE OF COLORADO - P2 INCENTIVES FOR STATES"
COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
EPA FUNDING: $107,000 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
In alignment with goals and objectives described in the state's Performance Partnership Agreement, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment P2 Program will build upon its 1998 PPIS grant and encourage adoption of P2 strategies as a primary management tool for state and local governments and businesses. This grant will allow Colorado to continue designing state P2 strategies, coordinating outreach, and communicating activities with state and local regulatory programs. The grant's objectives include regulatory integration, statewide multimedia technical assistance and outreach, and measurable waste and emission reductions. Other goals include establishing an infrastructure for long-term P2 support, identifying emerging issues and integrating them into state strategies, and fostering cooperation with adjacent states. Most activities will address high-priority industrial sectors such as electronics, wood and chemical products, automotive, and agriculture. Emerging partnerships with the Mid-America Manufacturing Technology Center and small business development centers will increase opportunities to reach the business community with P2 concepts and strategies.
"MONTANA P2 PROGRAM"
MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY
EPA FUNDING: $107,500 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Montana P2 Program will continue working toward its 1998 PPIS grant goals of identifying all P2 providers in the state and determine their scope of services, targeted audiences, service boundaries, and service costs. The program will enhance established partnerships with many state businesses and agencies and seek additional partnerships by developing a P2 provider list, awards and recognition events, newsletters, and training programs. To advance state environmental goals, the grant aims to develop an elementary school youth P2 awareness program, expand the Montana P2 Consumer Awareness Program, and continue managing services such as the Montana Materials Exchange, loan library, newsletter, and Web site.
"P2 STRATEGIES FOR Y2K"
SOUTH DAKOTA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES
EPA FUNDING: $85,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources seeks to provide residents with cost-effective source reduction strategies to foster compliance with environmental requirements and to develop a sustainable economy. The project will promote source reduction as the preferred strategy for complying with environmental requirements at four industry and professional organization conferences. The grantee hopes to encourage the development and implementation of cost-effective P2 strategies such as site-specific management/precision farming to reduce the impacts of agricultural inputs. Activities will include holding focus groups and developing videos, fact sheets, a school curriculum, and a site-specific guidelines manual to provide technical assistance to agricultural and small business sectors. The project also aims to develop prevention-based nutrient management plans to address over-application of phosphorus to agricultural lands. This practice is caused by current management plans based solely on nitrogen content.
"P2 INCENTIVES FOR STATES"
UTAH DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (DEQ)
EPA FUNDING: $85,500 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
A continuation of its 1998 PPIS grant, this project will play a key role in ensuring that the 2002 Olympic Winter Games reflect Utah's commitment to environmental protection. The program aims to incorporate "green" strategies into the Olympic Games plans and will focus on environmental education, sustainable facilities, materials management, and environmental monitoring. Anticipating the need for traditional commuting alternatives during the games, the project plans to promote working from home or working at central locations that align with mass transportation routes. Utah's P2 Program will also continue to encourage small businesses to go beyond compliance and initiate P2 activities through targeted workshops, fact sheets, policy development, and technical assistance. Other funded projects include developing community-based partnership initiatives, offering environmental education, integrating P2 into all major Utah DEQ initiatives, conducting an annual awards program, partnering with Utah Indian tribes, and encouraging P2 strategies in the design phase at predesign conferences.
"P2 INCENTIVES FOR STATES"
WYOMING DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (DEQ)
EPA FUNDING: $84,000 (PPG) LENGTH: 1 YR.
The main objective of the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Solid & Hazardous Waste Management Division is protecting public and environmental health as population and industrial development increases. This grant is a continuation of its 1998 PPIS grant to raise awareness of the state's environmental requirements, and to educate businesses on P2 strategies and encourage them to implement these techniques. The DEQ will provide one-on-one consultations with businesses and local governments to promote compliance and P2, continue generating P2 publications, publish and distribute small business case studies, conduct recognition programs, participate in the National P2 Roundtable, and promote strategies at organizational meetings. Through this grant, the state will partner with the Wyoming Small Business Assistance Program, MAMTC, and the city of Buffalo, Wyoming.
"WASTE REDUCTION IN CALIFORNIA HOSPITALS"
STATE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES - ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT BRANCH (EMB)
EPA FUNDING: $100,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The heath care industry is the fifth largest generator of solid waste. This grant aims to reduce medical waste in the state's hospitals and health care facilities by 25 percent, solid waste by 15 percent, and mercury waste below regulatory concern levels. EMB will utilize its Self-Assessment Manual for the Proper Management of Medical Waste, developed in partnership with the California Healthcare Association, as a training tool for determining baseline waste generation and reducing medical waste in hospitals and health care facilities that participate in the project. The California Integrated Waste Management Board will assist the project in providing regional training, performing waste audits, and developing measurement tools. The California Department of Toxic Substances Control will assist in developing a training component for reducing mercury waste from hospitals and health care facilities.
"EXPANDING AND ENHANCING LOCAL GOVERNMENT P2 PROGRAMS AND P2
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR SOLVENT CLEANING AND CYANIDE ALTERNATIVES"
CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL - OFFICE OF P2 AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT (OPPTD)
EPA FUNDING: $105,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
This grant will support and enhance California local government P2 programs and activities through direct technical assistance, workshops, and seminars. It will also expand assistance to new local governments and business assistance programs. OPPTD also aims to expand the number of active local government P2 committees and to enhance the quality and quantity of assistance to existing committees by increasing technical and administrative support. OPPTD will establish new P2 programs in 7 local governments, provide assistance to more than 100 local P2 providers, promote partnerships with business assistance providers, and facilitate the Western Regional P2 Conference.
"EXTENDING BIOLOGICALLY INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEMS"
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA
EPA FUNDING: $92,100 LENGTH: 1 YR.
This grant seeks to continue the Biologically Integrated Farming Systems (BIFS) program that was supported by its 1998 PPIS grant. BIFS encourages addressing multiple environmental impacts by managing the farm as a biological system. BIFS will provide technical support and farmer-to-farmer information sharing to transfer BIFS technology to 10 to 30 farmers who are making a transition to biologically based farming practices. The program will also promote agricultural P2 through voluntary agrichemical use reduction, promote a whole-farm approach, and highlight soil building practices. BIFS projects will improve air quality by reducing dust particulate matter and volatile organic compounds caused by pesticide use.
"BIOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS IN COTTON (BASIC): EVALUATION
OF A P2 STRATEGY BY A FARMER-RESEARCHER MANAGEMENT TEAM IN THE NORTHERN
SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY"
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA - SANTA CRUZ
EPA FUNDING: $92,400 LENGTH: 1 YR.
Cotton crops rank among the top three agricultural crops in California for overall pesticide use. This grant will monitor, evaluate, and disseminate P2 techniques to San Joaquin cotton farmers with a focus on pesticide reduction. The project will provide farmer-to-farmer technical assistance and host demonstration programs to show farmers how to adopt less chemically intensive methods of cotton production. It will also build demand for cotton grown using BASIC methods. Data collected since 1996 by the university's Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems demonstrate that, using BASIC methods, conventional cotton farmers can reduce insecticide and miticide use by an average of 83 percent and reduce chemical fertilizer applications by 53 percent while maintaining quality and overall economic performance. This grant will expand field monitoring to improve technical assistance, conduct trials on herbicide alternatives, promote project results, and determine the effectiveness of BASIC P2 strategies in the San Joaquin Valley's different regions through field monitoring, grower records, and interviews with cotton farmers.
"ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING WORKSHOPS FOR METAL FINISHERS"
CALIFORNIA STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD (SWRCB)
EPA FUNDING: $80,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
This grant aims to educate and encourage metal finishers and printed circuit board manufacturers to implement P2 techniques to minimize waste generation, reduce pollutant discharge, and improve compliance with environmental regulations. SWRCB will host a series of training workshops on environmental compliance and demonstrate easily implemented P2 techniques with short periods of returns on investment. SWRCB will provide a hands-on training workshop for line operators to demonstrate good operating practices and their measured effects on dragout and process efficiency. This grant will also allow SWRCB to conduct eight site assessments at metal finishing and printed circuit board manufacturing facilities to evaluate cost-effective opportunities for reducing waste generation and pollutant discharges.
"ACHIEVING P2 THROUGH REGULATORY AND NON-REGULATORY INCENTIVES"
STATE OF ALASKA
EPA FUNDING: $107,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Alaska Legislature directed the state's Department of Environmental Conservation to implement a P2 framework through voluntary programs and initiatives. In accordance with the directive, the grantee will use regulatory and nonregulatory efforts to encourage businesses to increase efficiency and reduce pollution. Nonregulatory services will include maintaining the P2 information center and providing information and technical assistance to Alaska businesses, rural communities, and the public via the Internet. The department will aid in implementation of the Alaska Materials Exchange Program, provide ongoing support to the statewide Green Star program network, and actively participate in the Pacific Northwest P2 Roundtable and the National P2 Roundtable. Regulatory initiatives consist of continuing implementation of the Alaska Environmental Leadership Program, which provides regulatory incentives to businesses that voluntarily implement activities that go beyond compliance. Other goals are to continue coordinating with small business development centers (SBDC) to build P2 into SBDC activities; to incorporate prevention-based environmental protection approaches into the Small Community Environmental Assistance Program; and to implement a P2 Week that will include activities such as public service announcements, presentations, TV interviews, and internal brown bag information sessions.
IDAHO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE - DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (DEQ)
EPA FUNDING: $107,500 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Idaho Division of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) main objectives are to promote and foster incorporation of pollution prevention-based concepts into programs and to provide assistance for external audiences to adopt P2 practices. This project continues established multimedia education, outreach, and integration efforts by extending funding for the P2 coordinator. The grant seeks to increase the use of prevention-based practices by using partnerships to develop and implement P2 projects and by providing technical assistance. Activities will include holding an industry-specific roundtable with the Pacific Northwest P2 Resource Center; providing technical assistance to industries, agencies, and the public through participation in Small Business Information Fairs and development of case studies documenting P2 successes; promoting the Idaho GEMStars program, and developing and distributing industry-specific P2 information packets. DEQ will also assess Idaho teachers' P2 education needs and provide support. This will be done by developing standard information packets for teachers' use, attending regional and national strategy and roundtable meetings, and networking with other P2 professionals in the region to develop training projects and facilitate cooperative efforts.
OREGON DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (DEQ)
EPA FUNDING: $126,000 LENGTH: 3 YRS.
The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) aims to continue enhancing its capabilities to integrate P2 into regulatory and voluntary programs. This grant has seven project areas that address working with providers and improving measurement methodologies, including:
- DEQ's Hazardous Waste Division will develop an electronic database and annual reporting system for state hazardous waste generators. The database aims to improve efficiency for business and government, reduce paper waste, and increase accuracy as a means to improve P2 measurement.
- DEQ's Air Quality Business Assistance Program will develop a statewide recognition program for the printing industry and develop and distribute best management practices to determine which businesses go beyond compliance.
- DEQ's Air Quality Division plans to develop a P2 education campaign to reduce the amount of PM 2.5 discharged into the air. It will implement an "Alternatives to Open Burning" program.
- DEQ's P2 Team will fund a position to continue development and implementation of a variety of P2 projects, including the "green permits" program. Additional funds will be used for an intern to assist in research and development of education materials.
"SWINOMISH INTEGRATED ROADSIDE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY"
SWINOMISH INDIAN TRIBAL COMMUNITY
EPA FUNDING: $10,000 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The Swinomish Indian Tribe is committed to providing a transportation network that supports ecological resource protection; promotes access and visibility to the reservation; and protects the health, safety, and welfare of residents and visitors. The grant aims to identify and implement integrated pest management strategies for roadside management planning to reduce chemical and physical inputs that degrade surface waste through inappropriate usage and application timing. The project aims to coordinate roadside management planning of the Tribe, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the State Department of Transportation, the Skagit County Public Works Department, and Shelter Bay Management Staff.
"P2 PROGRAM FOR THE NATIVE VILLAGE OF TANACROSS"
TANACROSS VILLAGE COUNCIL
EPA FUNDING: $14,938 LENGTH: 1 YR.
The purpose of this grant project is to develop a GreenStar Program for the Tanacross Village and to educate residents on energy and water efficiency. In addition, the village will develop a Web site to educate other native villages about P2 and the GreenStar Program.
"TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE COORDINATION TO TRAIN ECOLOGY STAFF IN
P2 AND ESTABLISH OUTSIDE CONTACTS"
WASHINGTON STATE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY
EPA FUNDING: $104,000 LENGTH: 16 MONTHS.
This grant will fund a P2 coordinator in the Water Quality Program to promote P2 through NPDES and state waste discharge permits and to establish an information network to convey relevant P2 information to permit writers. The coordinator will serve as a conduit for P2 information in the Water Quality Program and work closely with the Hazardous Waste and Toxics Reduction (HWTR) Program's technical assistance coordinator to disseminate technical information and create links between the staffs in each regional office. This grant expects the position to result in permits that include P2 conditions, promote P2 intrinsically, or are no longer needed because the permitee has eliminated the discharge requiring the permit.