Mandates in Federal Statutes
Current Pollution Prevention Mandates in Federal Statutes
Pollution Prevention Act (PPA)
§ 13103 - EPA mandated to develop and implement a strategy to promote source reduction.
§ 13104 - EPA as administrator is given the authority to provide grants to the States to promote source reduction by businesses
§ 13105 - EPA mandated to establish a database that contains information on source reduction.
§ 13106 - Owners and operators of businesses that are required to file a toxic chemical release form must include a toxic reduction and recycling report
Clean Air Act (CAA)
§ 7402 - Encourages cooperation amongst the federal departments, states, and local governments for prevention and control of air pollution.
§ 7403 - EPA mandated to establish a national research and development program for prevention and air pollution control.
Also, EPA must facilitate coordination amongst air pollution prevention and control agencies.
§ 7405 - EPA can make grants to air pollution prevention and control agencies.
§ 7412 - Facilities that reduce their emission of toxics into the air by 90-95% can qualify for permit waivers.
§ 7414 - 7418 - EPA may establish record keeping, inspections, and monitoring for all facilities that emit pollutants.
§ Subchapter I, Part C Sec 7470-7479 - Prevention of significant deterioration of air quality-establishment of a plan that includes emissions limitations to protect public welfare and the environment.
§ Subchapter II 12. General emissions standards
Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA)
§ 11001-11005 - Emergency planning requirements for pollution and fire control. Provides substances and facilities covered under this act.
§ 11021-11022 - Facilities covered under EPCRA must have ready Material Safety Data Sheets for all chemicals (MSDS) and must complete hazardous chemical inventory forms.
§ 11023 - Owners and operators of facilities covered under EPCRA must complete a toxic chemical release form.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
§ 6907 - EPA must establish waste management guidelines.
§ 6908a - EPA may assist Indian tribes in waste management.
§ 6921-6925 -
§ 6921: Hazardous Waste requirements established for owners and operators of facilities that produce hazardous wastes.
Under § 6922 - Generators must certify in shipping manifests that they have a plan to reduce waste. They must also submit a biennial report indicating their efforts to reduce volume and toxicity of wastes.
§ 6925 - Permit required for treatment and storage of hazardous wastes.
§ 6927 - EPA can make facilities describe their waste reduction program and inspect them to determine whether a program is actually in place.
§ 6931 - Grants appropriated to the States for assistance in development of Hazardous Waste Programs.
§ 6981 - EPA shall render financial assistance to federal, state, and local agencies that are researching, investigating, or providing in areas of waste management and minimization.
Clean Water Act (CWA)
§ 1251 - National goal is to eliminate the discharge of pollutants into navigable waters.
§ 1252 - EPA mandated in cooperation with federal state, and local agencies and industries to develop programs for preventing, reducing, or eliminating the pollution of the navigable waters and ground waters and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters.
§ 1256 - Appropriation of funds to state and local agencies for pollution control.
§ 1342 - EPA can put additional restrictions on permits (not included in the act).
§ 1381 - EPA given authority to make grants to states for pollution control revolving fund for implementation of management and conservation plans.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
§ 136 - All pesticides and pesticide establishments must be registered. Non-registered pesticides may not be sold or distributed in the U.S.
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
§ 4331 - Congress recognizes "the profound impact of man's activity on the interrelations of all components of the natural environment."
§ 4363 - EPA shall establish a program for long -term research for all activities listed under NEPA.
§ 4363a - EPA mandated to conduct demonstrations of energy-related pollution control technologies.
§ 4368a - Utilization of talents of older Americans in projects of pollution prevention, abatement, and control through technical assistance to environmental agencies.
§ 4368b - Provide technical assistance to Indian Tribes for environmental assistance on Indian lands.