Note: This information is provided for reference purposes only. Although the information provided here was accurate and current when first created, it is now outdated.
EPA devoted considerable outreach effort for the 33/50 Program, focused on facilities reporting to TRI on any of the targeted chemicals from 1988 to 1994-more than 20,000 facilities in all. Initial communications were directed to the chief executive officers of parent companies of these facilities. In the spring and summer of 1991, invitations to participate in the program went to a total of 5,000 companies. Another 2,500 more were invited to participate over the next three years. (See Table 2.)
Nearly 1,300 companies (13% of all eligible companies) responded with commitments to the 33/50 Program, and their facilities reported more than 60% of the 1988 releases and transfers of the 33/50 chemicals.
EPA concentrated much of its outreach on the "top 600" companies-those with the greatest amounts of releases and transfers. (As mailing lists improved and companies merged, the number of actual companies contacted was closer to 500 than 600, but the name for this group remained "Top 600.") These companies received the first invitations to participate and were the focus of greater follow-up from 33/50 Program headquarters and region staff. This concentration on larger companies proved effective: 64% of these companies participated in the Program, compared to less than 14% of the smaller companies.
EPA encouraged participants to set their own reduction goals, oriented to their own time frames, and most did so. Of the 1,294 companies participating, 1,066 set measurable goals for reducing their releases and transfers of the 17 targeted chemicals against the 1988 baseline. These pledges totaled 370 million pounds, representing a little less than half of their total 1988 releases and transfers of 778 million pounds. (See Table 2 and Figure 3.)
Other participant companies developed goals tied to changes in their production levels, chose alternative baseline years, or set a reduction target for all their TRI reporting without specifying goals for the 33/50 chemicals. Some made general commitments, without numerical goals. Some companies took a pollution prevention approach, pledging to reduce their use of the targeted chemicals. These pledges did not always specify targeted goals for reducing releases and transfers. As a result, the 370 million pounds of pledged reductions in releases and transfers represented a lower bound on the reductions that companies attempted under the 33/50 Program.
Participants whose commitments could be calculated against the 1988 baseline achieved 507 million pounds of reductions from 1988 to 1995. This greatly exceeded the group's total pledges (370 million pounds) and amounted to 65% of the group's 1988 baseline amount (778 million pounds)-well beyond the 50% national target. (See Table 3 and Figure 4.)
Companies for whom commitments could not be calculated against a 1988 baseline achieved another 90 million pounds of reductions, out of 156 million pounds reported for 1988. This group achieved a 58% reduction from 1988 to 1995. Altogether, program participants in the program accomplished a 64% reduction from 1988 to 1995.
Facilities belonging to companies that did not participate in the program also achieved reductions, totaling 227 million pounds from 1988 to 1995 or 40%.
Introduction and Key Findings
Program Goals Met and Exceeded
33/50 Program Releases and Transfers: Overview
Releases and Transfers by Chemical
Releases and Transfers by Type
Releases and Transfers by State
33/50 Program Chemicals in Waste
Production-related Waste by Chemical
Production-related Waste by Management Method
Source Reduction Activity