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Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment - A Methodology and Resource Guide

Cleaner Technologies Substitute Assessment








CONTENTS

Authors, Notice and Acknowledgments

Acronyms

Executive Summary


PART I: PROCESS OVERVIEW

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
  • What is EPA's Design For the Environment Program?
  • What is a Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment?
  • Who Participates in a Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment?
  • Why Participate in a Cleaner Technologies Substitutes Assessment?
  • What is in This Publication?

CHAPTER 2: PREPARING FOR A CTSA

  • Preparing the Scoping Documents
  • Selecting the Project Focus
  • Identifying Substitutes Within the Use Cluster
  • Selecting a Subset of Substitutes for Evaluation
  • Establishing the Project Baseline
  • Setting the Boundaries of the Evaluation

CHAPTER 3: DEVELOPING A CTSA

  • Overview of the Information Module Approach
  • Flow of Information in a CTSA
  • Identifying Data Analysis Methods and Analyzing Data
  • Developing a CTSA Document

PART II: INFORMATION MODULES


CHAPTER 4: OVERVIEW OF THE MODULE DESCRIPTIONS

  • Format of the Module Descriptions

CHAPTER 5: CHEMICAL & PROCESS INFORMATION

  • Chemical Properties
  • Chemical Manufacturing Process & Product Formulation
  • Environmental Fate Summary
  • Human Health Hazards Summary
  • Environmental Hazards Summary
  • Chemistry of Use & Process Description
  • Process Safety Assessment
  • Market Information
  • International Information

CHAPTER 6: RISK

  • Workplace Practices & Source Release Assessment
  • Exposure Assessment
  • Risk Characterization

CHAPTER 7: COMPETITIVENESS

  • Regulatory Status
  • Performance Assessment
  • Cost Analysis

CHAPTER 8: CONSERVATION

  • Energy Impacts
  • Resource Conservation

CHAPTER 9: ADDITIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT OPPORTUNITIES

  • Pollution Prevention Opportunities Assessment
  • Control Technologies Assessment

CHAPTER 10: CHOOSING AMONG ALTERNATIVES

  • Risk, Competitiveness & Conservation Data Summary
  • Social Benefits/Costs Assessment
  • Decision Information Summary

REFERENCES

List of Appendices

APPENDIX A
Examples of Workplace Practices Questionnaires [1,349K pdf file]

APPENDIX B
Environmental Releases And Occupational Exposure Assessment: Screen Printing CTSA
[91K pdf file]

APPENDIX C
Population Exposure Assessment For Screen Reclamation Processes: Screen Printing CTSA
[19K pdf file]

APPENDIX D
Background on Risk Assessment For Screen Reclamation Processes: Screen Printing CTSA
[18K pdf file]

APPENDIX E
Background And Methodology For Performance Demonstrations: Lithography CTSA
[80K pdf file]

APPENDIX F
Chemical Volume Estimates: Screen Printing CTSA [33K pdf file]

APPENDIX G
Cost Analysis Methodology: Lithographic Blanket Washes CTSA [41K pdf file]

APPENDIX H
Environmental Fate Summary Initial Review Exposure Report [76K pdf file]

APPENDIX I
Risk, Competitiveness & Conservation Data Summary and Social Benefits/Costs Assessment: Lithography CTSA [213K pdf file]

APPENDIX J
Cost of Illness Valuation Methods [8K pdf file]

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