TSCA New Chemicals Program P2 Recognition Project, 2006 Awardees
The P2 Recognition Project serves as a means to acknowledge companies for developing innovative chemistry and technologies that further pollution prevention and other environmental goals. EPA's New Chemicals Program, in the Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, hopes that honoring of such innovation by the Agency (and the publicity associated with it) will serve as a stimulus to further innovation both to the company receiving the letter and to other chemical companies.
The New Chemicals Program, which screens up to 2500 chemicals a year, identified the chemicals proposed for P2 recognition through the Premanufacture Notice (PMN) P2 screening process, as well as during more detailed new chemical reviews. The New Chemicals Program also includes the Biotechnology Program, which reviews new (i.e., intergeneric) microorganisms. The P2 Recognition Project relies heavily on information contained in the PMN on P2 aspects of the new chemical or biotech product, although supplemental information has also been considered.
2006 P2 Awardees
Bio Based Technologies (Bio Based Chemicals, LLC) -- Bio Based Chemicals is focused on the development of biobased polyols, derived from renewable vegetable oils. These environmentally friendly products are substitutes for many petroleum based polyols, used in a wide range of polyurethane applications (flexible foams, rigid foams, coatings, adhesives, and elastomers). Unlike petroleum based polyols, Agrol is derived from soybean oil and has a 96% biobased content. In a BEES (Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability) Life Cycle modeling study conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and funded by the United Soybean Board, it was shown that for every pound of soy based polyols (such as Agrol) produced in place of petroleum based polyols, there was a beneficial impact of 5.6 pounds CO2 to the atmosphere. Global warming potential is one of the 12 environmental impacts used in the BEES model.
HALOX -- The HALOX product is a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor for paint and coatings including primers (industrial maintenance, original equipment manufacture, and automotive refinishing) as well as glossy direct-to-metal coatings. This substance does not contain chromium, which is toxic and carcinogenic. This invention meets the demands for a non-toxic corrosion inhibitor without hazardous components such as metal phosphates and nitrites, both of which pose a serious risk when discharged to the environment. In addition to eliminating toxic materials, this substance dissolves in water which reduces the amount of volatile organic compounds emitted by most coatings.
Innospec Fuel Specialties (formerly Octel Starreon) -- Innospec Fuel Specialties has developed additives which reduce the sulfur level in fuels and enable them to comply with EPA's "Final Rule on Heavy-Duty Engine and Vehicle Standards and Highway Diesel Sulfur Control Requirements." The new emission standards for highway diesel vehicles will begin to take effect in 2007. These regulations mandate progressive middle distillate desulfurization and include a requirement for 15ppm Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel fuel (USLD) to be introduced in on-road transport applications from June 1, 2006. This reduced sulfur level will have two major environmental impacts: to directly reduce particulate levels and to also protect emission control devices in exhaust after-treatment systems. This new technology will also benefit non-road diesel engines used in construction, agricultural and industrial operations under new EPA proposed new emission standards. This will entail a more than 99% reduction in the sulfur content in fuel used by on-road and non-road diesel engines and a consequent reduction in particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) levels of more than 90%. These changes are expected to improve the air quality for Americans nationwide.
Solutia Inc. -- Carboxymethyl inulin (CMI), developed by Solutia and Royal Cosun, is an alternative to petrochemical derived polyacrylates used in industrial and oil field water treatment. In 2005, Solutia began importing CMI under the trade name Dequest PB. Based on inulin, an oligosaccharide harvested from the roots of chicory, CMI combines good biodegradability with very low toxicity. CMI can be applied in many applications and can be used to replace or reduce the need for less-favorable alternatives such as poorly biodegradable synthetic acrylic-based polymers and nitrogen or phosphorous compounds. The company hopes that inulin will become the substrate of choice for a whole range of functional chemicals having different performance characteristics, ultimately replacing thousands of tons of compounds that are less biodegradable and more toxic to the earth's environment.