1994 PPIS Grants
Note: This information is provided for reference purposes only. Although the information provided here was accurate and current when first created, it is now outdated.
Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
Region 2 (NJ, NY, PR, VI)
Region 3 (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV)
Region 4 (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN)
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI)
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE)
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY)
Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NV, AS, GU)
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA)
ConnTAP plans to strengthen and expand its successful pollution prevention and assistance services for Connecticut businesses. The services include a Site Visit Program, which provides on-site technical assistance to facilities in various industries; an intern program; and a hotline service, which provides telephone assistance for an average of 600 callers per year,. To manage information, ConnTAP will maintain the Resource Center, which includes a library of over 1,000 documents on pollution prevention and hazardous waste management, and tracking systems, which analyze the types of businesses requesting assistance and measure qualitative and quantitative pollution prevention progress. ConnTAP will also conduct outreach activities, including an annual conference, and publish a newsletter containing case studies, current trends, information on regional workshops and conferences, and other practical pollution prevention information.
The Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) will collaborate with Coastal Enterprises, Inc. (CEI) in a three-year pilot project to help firms prevent pollution and enhance productivity. The PPIS grant will be used to raise money to establish a Green Fund that will provide approximately 50 loans (not to exceed $20,000 each) for small businesses. Firms will use loans to invest in pollution prevention audits, equipment, process changes, or input substitution for pollution prevention purposes.
The Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) designed the Chemical Use Reduction for Improved Indoor Air Quality in Schools (CURIAS) project to inform schools of the risks associated with chemical use, and to aid schools in reducing those risks. The PPIS grant will allow OTA to plan conferences and develop written materials targeted for administrators, department heads, teachers, and facility managers on basic problems with and potential solutions to chemical use. The grant will also provide funds for on-site technical assistance, which will be publicized through the conferences and written materials.
The University of Massachusetts (UMASS) has been widely recognized in the past for its research on integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. These strategies have been identified as a means of reducing the level of hazardous substances released into the environment. With the PPIS grant, UMASS hopes to test IPM guidelines for apple orchards across all environmental media as a pollution prevention methodology, and to better inform the public and the media of the environmental benefits of IPM strategies. UMASS plans to select one farmer from each of the New England states to be a demonstrating grower who will implement an IPM strategy specific to its state. At the end of the demonstration period, a field day will be held at the farm of each demonstrating grower to which the public and the press will be invited.
The goal of the Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) is to achieve over a ten-year period a fifty percent reduction of toxic byproducts generated by industry. PPIS grant money will be used to test a methodology for using the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and TURA data for measuring state-wide progress in meeting this goal. In their current forms, TRI and TURA data have problems (e.g., the chemical list, reporting thresholds, and SIC codes covered for both TURA and TRI have changed over the years). This project will evaluate the seriousness of those problems and will seek to identify ways to solve them.
The New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services strives to use pollution prevention education, outreach, and technical assistance to aid the regulated community in complying with environmental quality standards. The Department hopes to foster a sense of individual, corporate, and public responsibility for maintaining environmental quality through its "lead by example" program. In addition, the Department seeks to address environmental justice concerns in the context of pollution prevention. The Department also hopes to incorporate more pollution prevention in compliance monitoring and enforcement procedures. This year's PPIS grant will be targeted to projects that promote pollution prevention in permitting, leadership, and media grants; multi-media and environmental justice pilot projects; staff training; development of innovative partnerships; and development of measures of success.
The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management (DEM) intends to research, evaluate, and demonstrate toxics use reduction strategies for the auto finishing industry. An estimated 600 auto finishing facilities concentrated in Rhode Island release approximately 1,600 tons of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air each year. The VOCs contribute to ground level ozone and create indoor air pollution problems. The PPIS grant will enable Rhode Island DEM to research alternatives to the high VOC chemicals and equipment currently in use. Rhode Island DEM will locate a model shop to implement the resulting source reduction measures and will develop an accredited curriculum for auto collision technology/refinishing systems for secondary students. Environmental equity issues concerning the individuals at risk from indoor air pollution will also be evaluated and documented.
The University of Vermont (UVM) seeks to provide schools throughout Vermont with information on how to determine if indoor air quality problems exist, and on how to find affordable solutions. With the PPIS grant, UVM will plan a conference addressing indoor air pollution, which will target school board chairs, select board members, superintendents, principals, and school faculty and staff.
The Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation will use PPIS grant money to fund projects and activities related to pollution prevention technical assistance and education, pollution prevention integration, and measurement for pollution prevention activities. The Department will conduct pollution prevention integration activities, including the Vermont Clean State Program and pollution prevention training for agency staff. The Department will also undertake pollution prevention education and outreach efforts, such as workshops and conferences. In addition, the retired engineers and professionals on-site technical assistance program will receive funding to conduct approximately 25 assessments during the fiscal year.
The Vermont Department of Health plans to investigate the sources of indoor air pollution in Vermont schools and work to eliminate these sources when possible. The Vermont Department of Health will use PPIS grant funds to conduct four school inspectionsone in each of four different building age groupsand will develop a report on its findings and recommendations. The University of Vermont also plans to conduct indoor air quality-related activities (see University of Vermont grant summary above) and will organize a conference at which the Department of Health will present its report.
The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians (HBMI) seeks to reduce the amount of household hazardous waste released into wastewater and solid waste streams. To this end, HBMI is planning a workshop to be presented to tribal members on household products that create household hazardous waste. In addition, HBMI will establish a cooperative to sell environmentally friendly products at reduced cost to tribal members. HBMI also aims to reduce indoor air pollution through the tribe's housing improvement program. The tribe will conduct an indoor air quality assessment and develop a strategy for reducing indoor air pollution.
The Mohegan Tribe, recently recognized by the Federal government, hopes to expand economic development of its historic tribal lands in an environmentally responsible manner. Short-term plans include construction of a theme park, a gaming facility and tribal housing. The Tribe has established the Mohegan Prevention Program (M3P) to encourage pollution prevention during the development process through risk assessments and analysis of P2-oriented development plans. The M3P program seeks to coordinate activities of state and federal technical experts in pollution prevention with tribal development planners.
NEWMOA's objective is to support the continuing efforts of the Northeast States Pollution Prevention Roundtable (NE Roundtable). The NE Roundtable was formed to enhance the ability of state and local pollution prevention, air, water, and waste program staff to implement effective source reduction initiatives. The PPIS grant will fund a number of conferences and meetings, including a two-day Roundtable meeting, a workshop on pollution prevention for permit writers, a Pollution Prevention Clearinghouse Network Committee meeting, and a Pollution Prevention Training Committee meeting. In addition, NEWMOA plans to expand the Pollution Prevention clearinghouse and to update the Director of NE State Pollution Prevention programs and the Guide to NE State Pollution Prevention Programs. PPIS funds will also be used in the development of a regional vendor database or a case study database, and for coordinated activities with the Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management (NESCAUM).
The New York State Department of Health plans to reduce pesticide use (and misuse) by promoting statewide use of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies in state-owned and leased facilities. The PPIS grant will aid building managers in minimizing pesticide applications, selecting the least toxic pesticides for use as necessary, and identifying the reasons for pest infestations and practical corrective measures. PPIS funds will be used to implement IPM at eight facilities across the state. The Department will seek additional funding in the future to reach the approximately 200 million square feet of New York State facilities.
The New York State Energy Office is designing a project that will demonstrate cost-effective, environmentally friendly design principles in a Manhattan night school. The school provides a home and education for minority, low-income, and homeless populations in New York City. The proposed design for the building aims to reduce heating and cooling energy through installation of advanced framing and insulation materials; reduce water usage through low-flush toilets and faucet aerators; and reduce construction waste through a construction waste management plan. Project designers hope to transfer the results of the demonstration to the multi-family building design community through seminars, video presentations, and written materials.
With the "Clean Boilers Project," the New York State Energy Office aims to increase the efficiency of approximately 2,000 boiler plants in the New York City multi-family housing sector. The Office plans to establish minimum standards for "Clean Boiler" technicians as well as minimum boiler efficiency thresholds for new boiler installations. In addition, the Office plans to provide training for contractors and service technicians, and to develop a list of contractors and service technicians that meet the new minimum standards. Project developers will encourage use of the list of contractors and service technicians in publicly-funded assistance programs. By restricting boiler-related work in these programs to contractors and service technicians o the list, the efficiency of many boiler installations and operations will be improved.
The Environmental Quality Board (EQB) of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico will use its PPIS grant funds to establish a comprehensive pollution prevention program. EQB plans to develop pollution prevention training and assessment capabilities and to demonstrate to island businesses that pollution prevention techniques save money and boost profitability. EQB hopes to perform between 80 and 90 assessments. EQB will also create a Pollution Prevention Information Center to raise public awareness of pollution prevention concepts.
DNREC's objective is to continue to provide pollution prevention information and assistance to businesses, industrial facilities, the agricultural community, homeowners, and government agencies. In addition, the Department hopes to use PPIS grant funds to integrate pollution prevention into media-specific regulatory programs such as hazardous waste, air and NPDES programs, and to work with other programs and state agencies to incorporate or undertake pollution prevention activities, such as becoming a Green Lights Partner or participating in the Green Industries Initiative.
The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) began a pollution prevention initiative which first received PPIS funding in October 1992. Since then, a number of initial steps have been taken to begin integrating pollution prevention into MDE's daily business, including the hosting of a pollution prevention conference, development of informational workshops, and training of MDE staff. The Department now aims to focus a sustained effort at pollution prevention integration into MDE's existing regulatory programs. This year's PPIS funding will be directed to the development of permits, inspections and enforcement. The Department also plans to emphasize training in pollution prevention for MDE staff, to familiarize them with pollution prevention strategies and to facilitate the implementation of pollution prevention into permitting, inspections and enforcement activities.
In the last year, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources has been actively engaged in the development and implementation of its new Source Reduction Pollution Prevention Program. The Department seeks to implement the following initiatives this year: (1) developing an outreach and technical assistance program for small and medium-sized firms to encourage reduction of waste at the source; (2) implementing a new source reduction planning program requiring companies to develop source reduction strategies for their industrial and hazardous waste streams; (3) incorporating multi-media pollution prevention concepts into the Department's training program, regulatory process and permitting and enforcement actions wherever possible; (4) recognizing outstanding efforts by Pennsylvania companies to institute pollution prevention approaches to environmental compliance; and (5) promoting and recruiting of Pennsylvania businesses to participate in EPA's 33/50 voluntary reductions programs.
Virginia's Office of Pollution Prevention hopes to expand its program to accommodate the rise in requests for pollution prevention assistance. The planned project entails industry outreach activities that provide pollution prevention technical assistance in the form of educational outreach, such as presentations, workshops, and teleconferences, and on-site assessments of selected facilities. The Office also plans to expand regulatory integration efforts to provide increased opportunities for pollution prevention to be employed as alternatives to traditional command and control approaches. Ultimately, the Office seeks to increase the rate at which industry and other organizations implement pollution prevention projects throughout the State, and to increase the general level of awareness of pollution prevention concepts.
The Office of Water Resources (OWR) will use PPIS funds to develop a new program that merges its P2 objectives with those of the Office of Waste Management (OWM). The resulting program will assist municipalities, Public Service Districts, and small businesses in incorporating P2 into their long range plans. Under this project, OWR will conduct facility audits upon request to evaluate needs and assist with preparation of P2 plans. The new program will also compile source reduction information and develop a computer database or a library of literature for use by industry and the public. In addition, program staff will provide training to OWR and OWM permit writers on P2 techniques and incorporation of P2 into permits.
The Schuylkill Center plans to strengthen the pollution prevention component of the current drafts of its Regional Environmental Education Program (REEP) high school curriculum, consisting of five units, one each for teachers of biology, chemistry, physics/technology, environmental science and social studies. In addition to updating the present REEP curriculum, the Schuylkill Center seeks to identify and train facilitators in the new curriculum in EPA Region III by working cooperatively with EPA pollution prevention personnel and statewide environmental education agencies and to provide support for state facilitators in conducting teacher workshops in the REEP high school curriculum.
ADEM plans to expand and continue its pollution prevention program with an increased focus on multimedia concepts. Specifically, Special Projects hopes to identify and evaluate opportunities for expanding existing media-specific projects into multimedia efforts and to strengthen the link between multimedia and media-specific programs to reduce the risk of cross-media transfer. The Department also seeks to develop a departmental pollution prevention strategy. PPIS grant funds will be used to present a department workshop, to conduct interviews with department personnel, and to contact other states to learn about their pollution prevention activities. After identifying the overall need for pollution prevention assistance, Special Projects will draft a preliminary pollution prevention strategy.
Since its formation, ADEM has been actively involved in developing and supporting pollution prevention programs, including the cooperative efforts with the Ombudsman Office, the Auburn University Engineering Cooperative Extension Service, the Waste Reduction and Technology Transfer (WRATT) Foundation, and LEGACY. ADEM will continue its support of these organizations and their pollution prevention programs by attending meetings and conferences and assisting them in offering technical assistance workshops. In addition to supporting the efforts of these other organizations, ADEM will participate in the Region 4 project to evaluate the effectiveness of technical assistance programs.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection focuses efforts on pollution prevention through the Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP). WRAP is a confidential, non-regulatory, free service which is designed to assist Florida individuals, businesses, industries, governments, and educational facilities in reducing their generation of hazardous waste. Based on analysis of TRI data, WRAP will focus its efforts on industries with fiberglass, painting, and cleaning processes. These industries will be targeted with fact sheets, workshops and presentations. The programs also will work in conjunction with trade associations, when possible. In addition, the Department plans to decentralize coordination of technical transfer to five district offices to integrate the pollution prevention approach at all levels of the Department and effectively interface with local trade associations.
To assist in the development of a pollution prevention plan, as required by Senate Bill 200, the Pollution Prevention Assistance Division will prepare a targeting study report that identifies those chemicals released by Georgia manufacturers that pose the greatest threat to human health. This report will help the Division identify and prioritize the manufacturing sectors that generate these chemicals. Using the results of the target study, the Division plans to perform assessments of the selected sectors and work with the industries to report on the current waste generating processes, review existing pollution prevention efforts, and identify new pollution prevention technologies (and potential impediments to implementing them). In addition, the Division will conduct a survey in conjunction with Region 4 initiatives to evaluate the effectiveness of existing pollution prevention technical assistance efforts.
While many pollution prevention technical assistance efforts focus on waste reduction at small firms, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation is currently examining ways to focus technical assistance attention to mid-sized firms. Technology transfer to these mid-sized firms may yield significantly larger reductions in pollution. Previously, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation had conducted a mail survey of 1,500 firms and received response from over 600 firms. To continue with these efforts, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation plans to use the survey results in conjunction with new TRI data and other financial data to develop technology transfer strategies for mid-sized firms. To follow up on responses to the initial survey, the Georgia Tech Research Corporation plans to complete case studies for four in-state firms and four out-of-state firms. The Georgia Tech Research Corporation will also develop a more systematic assessment of the impacts of state programs on corporate decision making in pollution prevention.
The Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet will undertake two separate projects. The objective of their first project is to evaluate the effectiveness of the current pollution prevention technical assistance program in the state. As part of this effort, the state will survey industry. In addition to this evaluation effort, the state will work with the neighboring states of Ohio and West Virginia on a Tri-State Geographic Initiative project to define, remediate, and prevent environmental problems in the region's air, soil, and water. This is a five phase project and the current grant covers phases 1, 2, and 3. The overall project includes industry and community discussions; identification of industries and chemicals of concern (and the preparation of a presentation of these findings); technical assistance for industry in developing source reduction goals; and scheduling of pollution prevention assessments for on-site visits. The Cabinet also is planning a kick-off event for industries in the tri-state area and will prepare a technical assistance-based P2 conference.
The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality will continue its technical assistance/technology transfer program for pollution prevention and expand the scope of its program. MDEQ will assist industry by conducting waste minimization analyses, hosting pollution prevention preassessment meetings, and producing technical assistance materials for waste generators. The Department also will work on developing and implementing a public information campaign which will include an information exchange with a waste exchange component, a regional pollution prevention conference, and a newsletter for general distribution. In addition, MDEQ will develop programs to recognize achievements in the area of pollution prevention, such as a challenge grant program to provide funding for projects demonstrating waste reduction and pollution prevention, and a Governor's award program to honor accomplishments in Pollution Prevention. MDEQ will also participate in Region 4 efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of pollution prevention technical assistance programs.
North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources,
Office of Waste Reduction, Pollution Prevention Program
(Total funding: $160,150)
The North Carolina Pollution Prevention Program has provided technical assistance services since 1984 and has reached over 4,000 businesses. To help effectively expand its outreach efforts, the Pollution Prevention Program is seeking to develop innovative outreach and education programs. It is not possible for the Department to provide one-on-one assistance for each of the tens of thousands of businesses in North Carolina. As a result, the Department plans to develop outreach and education materials for suppliers, trade associations, and regulatory inspectors because research has shown that companies look for assistance from these groups. In addition, the Department plans to focus outreach materials on those industries that will be facing new regulatory requirements. This year, the Department plans to target the furniture industry which will soon face new air emission reduction requirements. The Pollution Prevention Program plans to use PPIS grant funding to develop and distribute outreach materials (videos, case studies, publications, and slides); conduct workshops and training sessions; and improve accessibility of pollution prevention information by interested parties.
North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources,
Office of Waste Reduction, Pollution Prevention Program
(Total funding: $44,450)
This Research Triangle Institute will develop an evaluation systems database for the Pollution Prevention Program. The database will be used to help North Carolina with its pollution prevention technology transfer efforts. The system is intended to fill a number of management needs, including measuring and improving customer satisfaction. As part of the design process, the Research Triangle Institute will conduct a review of the current practice of evaluating the effectiveness of waste reduction technology development and deployment organizations. The Research Triangle Institute will also evaluate the needs of potential users and the possible uses for the system, as well as inventory the available data sources and design survey instruments.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Center
for Waste Minimization
(Total funding: $160,000)
South Carolina plans to establish a program entitled, "Pollution Prevention Intervention Plan," to help industries reduce pollution through interaction with regulatory agencies. The program will provide early intervention by trained technicians from the Center for Waste Minimization, who will help facilities prepare waste minimization programs and will offer them technical assistance to reduce waste. The program will focus on first-time violators, especially of new regulations and statutes. The Center will also target small business entities that may not have individual staffs dedicated to regulatory issues. In addition to these technical assistance services, the Center will conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of technical assistance programs.
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Pollution Prevention/Environmental Awareness (Total funding: $160,000)
The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation plans to continue implementing the pollution prevention initiatives that began during FY 1993-94. In an effort to expand the pollution prevention initiatives, the Department will prepare a report, "Tennessee Corporate Challenge 2000," to chart industrial progress in meeting proposed goals by the year 200 and publicize individual reduction commitments. In addition to the report, the division will sponsor a pollution prevention conference and assist companies in setting and meeting reduction goals.. The division also plans to expand the WRAP Sheet newsletter section dedicated to pollution prevention information and develop a multi-media Governor's Award program. Additionally, the division will participate in the Region 4 initiative to evaluate existing technical assistance efforts and will identify and train a P2 "advocate" in each regulatory division in multi-media P2 methods.
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention
(Total funding: $215,000)
The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency's (IEPA) goal is to continue integrating pollution prevention into its media programs. Some of the activities IEPA will be working on include setting up a hotline, performing on-site technical assistance, developing regulatory proposals, preparing outreach programs, and setting up conferences and workshops.
Purdue University, Indiana Pollution Prevention and Safe Materials
(Total funding: $200,000)
Purdue University will develop reliable pollution prevention measurement methods for several industry sectors (e.g., plastics, metal coatings/plating, wood products). Developing these methods will require cooperation from representatives of the industry sectors and extensive testing of proposed measures. The Indiana Pollution Prevention and Safe Materials Institute initiated this project because neither it nor the Indiana Department of Environmental Management had adequate means of measuring pollution prevention.
Michigan Department of Commerce, Environmental Services Division
(Total funding: $200,000)
The Michigan Department of Commerce will direct technical assistance to the pulp and paper industry. First the Department will develop a formal agreement between the state agency and the pulp and paper trade association that establishes a two-year voluntary, multi-media pollution prevention project. The Department will then identify compounds to be targeted for the duration of the project and develop a mechanism to track and report reductions in releases of targeted compounds. The Department also plans to develop a research and development grant opportunity for a pollution prevention project, and will host open discussions between the state agency and the paper trade association regarding disincentives to pollution prevention and regulatory barriers. The Division hopes to ultimately coordinate the project with similar projects in other states and in Canada.
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
(Total funding: $80,000)
The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe will develop a long-term pollution prevention strategy by integrating pollution prevention provisions into existing federal environmental protection and/or management grants, contracts, and programs. One phase of the project will require the twelve Tribal governing bodies in Minnesota to coordinate a Tribal effort to implement pollution prevention programs. To achieve their goals, Tribal staff members will require substantial training and continued technical assistance.
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA), Environmental Analysis
(Total funding: $200,000)
Funds from the PPIS grant will enable the MPCA to integrate pollution prevention into its regulatory activities and will allow the Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP) to continue non-regulatory reviews and technical assistance. Specific activities will include developing training programs for integrating pollution prevention into regulatory activities. The MPCA will also develop indicators of the level of pollution prevention integration and measures of the impact of pollution prevention integration on releases, emissions, and off-site transfers.
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention
(Total funding: $200,000)
Ohio EPA will use PPIS grant funds to augment existing pollution prevention activities. State EPA and Office of Pollution Prevention staff will receive training and the Agency will implement the Green Lights program. In addition, the Agency will use survey work, literature reviews, and other activities to identify the barriers and incentives for pollution prevention.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Division for Environmental
(Total funding: $200,000)
The PPIS grant money will give southeast Wisconsin communities greater access to pollution prevention implementation practices. The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) is planning to provide on-site pollution prevention opportunity assessments and training in pollution prevention opportunities, practices, and technologies. DNR will target businesses that currently lack information on pollution prevention opportunities.
Louisiana State Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ)
(Total funding: $154,000)
LDEQ's ultimate goal is to ensure that no community or segment of the public is disproportionately impacted by the generation of waste or pollutant discharges into the environment. Environmental justice has become an important issue in Louisiana since many communities are adjacent to existing and proposed industrial waste generators. Through this grant, LDEQ will create an integrated database containing all waste generation and discharge rates. The database can be built on existing information contained in permits and waste generation reports. Identifying communities adjacent to relatively high waste generation and discharge and comparing ratios over increasing larger land areas, the database would quantify "disproportional impact." Equipped with information provided by the database, LDEQ could identify Pollution Prevention opportunities within a specified geographical area and investigate the possibility of incorporating P2 incentives into the resolution of Environmental Justice Issues.
Louisiana State Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ)
(Total funding: $160,150)
This grant is the second phase in the Louisiana Technical Assistance Program (LaTAP). Phase I of the program, begun in 1993, created the LaTAP resource center, which is a non-regulatory, multimedia, information resource center providing technical, scientific, and waste management support to small- and medium-sized businesses and industries throughout the State. The primary function of the Center is to assist in developing economically sound pollution prevention and water minimization approaches for mitigating environmental problems and concerns. As a continuation of Phase I, Phase II is an effort to provide no-fee engineering and technical consultation and assistance for the elimination and reduction of toxic chemical emissions and hazardous waste production. To accomplish this goal, LaTAP will conduct workshops across the state to promote LaTAP; train a core group of engineers and technical personnel to assist businesses with P2 and waste management; distribute a quarterly newsletter; conduct twenty no-fee, on-site waste reduction assessments; and prepare monthly and annual progress reports. Phase II also includes the development of a long range plan for the continued operation of the LaTAP center and the LDEQ Technical Assistance Program.
New Mexico Economic Development Department, Technology Enterprise
(Total funding: $490,800)
This pollution prevention program is a comprehensive plan to integrate environmental management with manufacturing assistance. The program is designed to identify opportunities for small manufacturers to implement advanced pollution prevention technologies. This cooperative program will leverage the many resources under the NM Industry Network Cooperation (NM-INC) and the NM Environmental Alliance. The Department will use PPIS grant funding to identify a target population of small- and medium-sized manufacturers and facilitate their access to existing processes and innovative pollution prevention replacement technology. In addition, the Department plans to develop and coordinate access to databases of pollution prevention needs, solutions and resources; and to develop information and training delivery mechanisms for implementing pollution prevention compliance strategies. The Department also will incorporate pollution prevention strategies into the NM Environmental Department media programs and develop a long-range plan for an integrated, self-sustaining program of manufacturing extension and pollution prevention that includes development of innovative commercial technology.
Austin Environmental and Conservation Services Department
(Total funding: $175,563)
The City of Austin proposes to establish a Waste Reduction Assistance Center, which will act as a locally-focused complement to the Texas Water Commissions OPPC programs, providing technical assistance to area businesses with the goal of reducing both the quantity and toxicity of wastes generated. The Center will develop and maintain a Business Information Clearinghouse, Waste Exchange, and an On-Site Assessment Service to identify the potential for waste reduction will provide information to local businesses regarding waste reduction practices, resources, and applicable regulations. The Waste Exchange will provide an updated list of the types and quantities of waste materials generated by local businesses. The On-Site Waste Reduction and Environmental Audits will be provided to small businesses free of charge.
Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC)
(Total funding: $185,000)
The objectives for this grant are to implement pollution prevention programs, improve intra-agency information and materials transfer, analyze administrative procedures, and communicate the results of the grant. To achieve these goals, the TNRCC plans to hold a CEO meeting of participating agencies; perform six site assessments; hold a half-day workshop; distribute materials to agencies; make written recommendations for waste exchange; analyze procurement policies and make recommendations; and finally, hold a conference for participating agencies.
University of Northern Iowa, Iowa Waste Reduction Center
(Total funding: $180,000)
Due to the current lack of pollution prevention information in community college vocational programs, the Iowa Waste Reduction Center (IWRC) plans to develop a set of curriculum modules to be integrated into vehicle maintenance courses at the community college level. Providing students with information on pollution prevention concepts will encourage them to operate vehicle maintenance shops in an environmentally responsible manner once they graduate. IWRC will solicit input on its curriculum from community colleges within Iowa, throughout Region 7, and across the country. IWRC also hopes that once the curriculum is developed and thoroughly tested, it will be applicable on a national level.
Kansas State Board of Agriculture, Division of Plant Health
(Total funding: $32,733)
The Kansas State Board of Agriculture (KSBA) is planning to control the spread of a weed called purple loosestrife. The weed is spreading throughout several counties in Kansas. When left unchecked, the weed restricts waterways and displaces native species around the shorelines of lakes, streams and irrigation canals. To control purple loosestrife, KSBA plans to release beneficial parasites and predators as an alternative to pesticides. Prior to releasing the insects, KSBA will survey the infested counties for suitable release sites for the insects; order the insects; and inspect the release sites to confirm criteria for release of insects. After the release, KSBA will monitor the release sites to ensure that the insects are established.
Kansas State University, Kansas Industrial Extension Service
(Total funding: $39,490)
Many small businesses are reluctant to make process changes for pollution prevention purposes when they do not know the total costs and benefits of the project. The goal of this PPIS project is to develop a computer program and operator's manual that will allow businesses to assess environmental costs and benefits of pollution prevention alternatives. After the database and manual are completed, the Industrial Extension Service will develop a training session to share its developments with industry and EPA representatives.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Grant summary not available.
Curators of the University of Missouri, University of Missouri - Rolla
(Total funding: $77,365)
The PPIS grant will provide funds for developing an assessment tool for the wood products industry or local government personnel to determine cost-effective pollution prevention techniques. Once the assessment tool is developed, it will be used on a trial basis, evaluated and refined. Finally, a workshop will be held to present the assessment tool to state and local regulatory personnel and industry owners. The University of Missouri targeted the wood products industry because it is the major source of solid waste and non-point source stream pollution in southern Missouri.
Lincoln-Lancaster County Health Department
(Total funding: $471,874)
The Missouri Department of Natural Resources plans to focus less on pollution control and treatment technologies, and more on pollution prevention. The Department has developed a multi-media Technical Assistance Program (TAP), which it will use to enhance pollution prevention efforts in the state. Under this PPIS grant, the program will use TRI and other data to facilitate pollution prevention efforts and plans to assist businesses and others in preventing pollution by providing technical assistance, training, and education. PPIS grant funds will also be used to encourage pollution prevention throughout the Department by training staff and implementing an internal pollution prevention program.
St. Louis Regional Commerce & Growth Association, Energy and the
(Total funding: $35,000)
The St. Louis Regional Commerce and Growth Association is developing a program to provide small businesses with regulatory compliance education and technical expertise to address pollution problems. Approximately 3,500 small- and medium-sized manufacturers exist in the St. Louis metropolitan area. They often lack the resources and expertise to effectively address environmental problems. The Association will use PPIS grant monies to develop a pollution prevention database and to implement two pollution prevention workshops. In addition, the Association plans to develop a liaison program with the small business environmental assistance programs in Illinois and Missouri, and to establish a small business environmental network.
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ)
(Total funding: $35,100)
The Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) believes that the system for communicating pollution prevention regulatory, educational, and technical information to businesses and community members is inadequate. A specific concern is that business owners and community leaders are often reluctant to deal directly with NDEQ or EPA fearing regulatory citations and penalties. To address these issues, NDEQ is proposing a three-phase project; only the first phase will be completed during the current grant period. Phase 1 will involve development of a pilot network to help businesses and communities gain access to and understate state and federal regulations and information on options for pollution prevention. Once the network is completed, NDEQ will develop an outreach program and outreach materials to inform businesses and community members of the new service. Phase 2 of this project will involve the development of a training course for small- and medium-sized businesses and communities, and Phase 3 will involve development of a technical assistance program.
University of Nebraska Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Civil Engineering (Total funding: $99,532)
Several agricultural contaminants have been identified as the most pervasive sources of nonpoint source pollution. They are responsible for contaminating surface and ground water and are causing particular concern among agricultural producers over the safety of farmstead drinking water supplies. The PPIS grant will be used to increase the awareness of producers and later their farm management decisions as they relate to nonpoint source pollution. The grant will allow the University of Nebraska to update and enhance the existing educational program called the Farmstead Assessment System (FAS). The University of Nebraska will coordinate with other states that already use FAS and will modify existing FAS worksheets and guidance to fit Nebraska's needs. Additional FAS worksheets and guidance documents will also be developed during the grant period.
University of Nebraska Board of Regents on Behalf of the University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Civil Engineering (Total funding: $144,151)
The PPIS grant will be used to develop coursework based on multi-media pollution prevention, which will be integrated into the existing coursework in the College of Engineering and Technology at the University of Nebraska. The rationale for this project is that existing environmental engineering courses focus on pollution control and do not emphasize pollution prevention. In order to shift the nation's focus from end-of-pipe treatments to preventative measures, engineers must be trained in pollution prevention technology. Specific tasks for this project include developing a course outline and strategy, writing a textbook, preparing homework problems and solutions, and putting together a compendium of case studies.
Colorado Department of Health (CDH)
(Total funding: $104,000)
The goal of the Colorado Pollution Prevention Program is to instill the ethic of pollution prevention into the Colorado citizens with a societal goal of eventual elimination of emissions and significant reductions of waste. The program promotes pollution prevention as the operating management tool of first choice of state and local governmental entities as well as businesses. The program seeks to integrate P2 philosophies into the regulatory and non-regulatory activities of state and local government, and to provide technical assistance and consumer information on pollution prevention to businesses, government and individuals for integration into their own actions. CDH also wishes to achieve measurable reductions in emissions and waste in target industries. In addition, the program hopes to build an infrastructure for P2 to ensure long term state support for P2 and to lay the foundation for future activity by identifying emerging issues in P2 and integrating them into P2 strategy.
Montana State University Extension Service (MSUES)
(Total funding: not provided)
The goals of this proposal are first to enhance Montana's existing P2 Program by expanding current small business P2 education capabilities through educational P2 modules for three additional small business types: hotel/motel/resort, autobody, and printing/publishing. Second, MSUES wants to maintain and expand its resource library and database capabilities. Coordinating with the existing Water Quality Program, MSUES will provide P2 education to agricultural operations. Finally, MSUES will enhance Montana's existing Native American P2 Program component by piloting, evaluating, and modifying a P2 education demonstration project.
South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR)
(Total funding: not provided)
DENR has been the recipient of two previous PPIS grants. The first centered on developing a sustainable State P2 program and introducing P2 to the public and private sectors of the State's population. The second provided funds to continue P2 development, expand information and education efforts, and continue the development and transfer of the Bootstraps program, a P2 strategy for agriculture. The goals of the current grant are to build upon the previous program accomplishments by continuing the development and institutionalization of a statewide, sustainable, multimedia P2 Program in South Dakota. To accomplish this goal, DENR plans to complete the tasks carried forward from the workplans for 1992-3 PPIS grants; provide a P2 outreach to the agricultural community through continued support for the expansion and transfer of the Bootstraps Program; provide youth with an understanding of applications of P2 in everyday life in the home and community through a P2 training course for teachers; and expand the P2 information and education effort to provide the greatest possibility of introducing P2 to all sectors of the State's population through 30-second P2 television ads and the HOME*A*SYST program.
Texas University at Austin, LBJ School of Public Affairs
(Total funding: $63,488)
The purpose of "Outreach and Training for Pollution Prevention Project" is to promote multi-media P2 among industry, regulatory, and local government professionals involved in environmental decision-making. The project strategy is based on the premise that the most cost-effective method of preventing environmental pollution is to teach professionals who make environmental decision that P2 is in their self-interest. The goal of this project is to develop the curricula for three P2 courses designed for environmental managers from both the public and private sectors. The training will be carried out in a series of three three-day long seminars to cover: inter-media pollution prevention in confined ecological regions; environmental auditing; and ecological risk reductions.
Utah Department of Environmental Quality
(Total funding: $199,921)
There are five major program initiatives outlined in this grant. The first is a small business assistance program which will sponsor both a conference targeting small businesses across the nation and Canada and an air quality courtesy inspection program. The second initiative is an environment and energy management program designed to empower consumers to change their energy use by linking environmental benefits to conservation activities. The third initiative is a P2 training and education program producing a four-day series focused on specific industry groups. The fourth initiative will produce a P2 teleconference hosted by the Sustainable Agriculture project. The final initiative is to develop a curriculum to accompany a P2 video produced with their previous PPIS grant.
Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
(Total funding: $165,789)
The objective of this grant proposal is to develop a strong source-reduction outreach program in Wyoming. DEQ plans to sponsor a number of meetings and workshops including, the Wyoming Pollution Prevention Roundtable meetings, community-level pollution prevention workshops for small businesses, and Department staff meetings. DEQ also will sponsor a series of industry-developed, voluntary waste reduction agreements, a wood waste project, and a public education program. In addition, DEQ will work cooperatively with the Wind River Environmental Commission to produce a waste reduction initiative.
Three Affiliated Tribes, Natural Resources Department Environmental
(Total funding: $78,150)
The Three Affiliated Tribes (TAT) are the tribal administration comprised of members of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Tribes. Through this grant, TAT proposes to develop Project WET (Water Education for Teachers) into a curriculum modified specifically for South Dakota and targeted at K-12 grades. The goal of the program is to educate, train and motivate the youth and general public to "Reduce/Reuse/Recycle" hazardous household waste and learn about Water Pollution Prevention in general. TAT will develop the curriculum and training seminars for teaching staff, produce adult education fliers, radio spots, and periodic newspaper articles, and make presentations to civic clubs, organizations, local boards, and conferences to publicize the benefits of P2.
Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, Waste Programs Division
(Total funding: $360,000)
This year's PPIS grant will be used to build upon the highly successful Arizona P2 Leadership Enhancement (APPLE) program. The Department plans to add two new activities to last year's program: a summer intern program; and a pollution prevention opportunities and priorities program, to be staffed by a full-time intern. In addition, the Department will continue the activities central to the first APPLE program, including: expand current clearinghouse holdings; continue to provide pollution prevention curriculum; provide the Arizona Pollution Prevention Newsletter and other publications; coordinate and host workshops and conferences, provide speakers and other outreach activities, continue to train Department staff; and continue to fund innovative pollution prevention projects. The program hopes to establish and track an incineration reduction program with facility commitments, and establish and track a voluntary incineration reduction program as it works toward its goal of reducing statewide voluntary waste by 20 to 50 percent by the year 2000.
California Department of Toxic Substances Control, Office of Pollution Prevention and Technology Assistance (Total funding: $464,500)
The California Department of Toxic Substances Control will use the PPIS grant to provide ongoing support to local governments to implement P2 programs. The Department plans to provide local governments with P2 program development assistance and support (i.e., participating in committee meetings, helping with conference organization) and will develop pollution prevention outreach materials for distribution. The Department also will target a pollution prevention program in southern California (i.e., performing waste audits and assessments, developing seminars) and plans to organize a government/environmental group source reduction partnership pilot.
UCCSN Regents, on Behalf of the University of Nevada, Reno, College
of Business Administration
(Total funding: $400,000)
The University of Nevada plans to use the PPIS grant to continue funding the efforts of the Business Environmental Program (BEP), which was developed by the Small Business Development Center (SBDC). The program has been highly successful since its inception in 1991, as indicated by the high demand for services. BEP provides free and confidential hazardous waste management and multi-media pollution prevention assistance to businesses throughout Nevada. Activities that will receive funding from the current grant include hotline services, waste assessments, training seminars, and outreach material development.
Chugachmiut Community, Health Services Division
(Total funding: $25,000)
The proposed project is a joint venture between Chugachmiut, the Chugach Regional Resources Commission, the Tatitlek IRA Council, the Chenega Bay IRA Council, the Port Graham Village Council, and the Nanawalek Traditional Council to address point sources of pollution affecting remote and isolated villages in the Chagach Region of Alaska. The group hopes to prevent improperly maintained septic tanks from polluting fresh and marine water resources in the Region, so that they may continue to support successful fisheries projects. The project relies on a matrix, which will assist each village in selecting one of five septic sludge disposal options identified during a Waste Water Treatment meeting that occurred in FY 94.
State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation
(Total funding: $200,931)
The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) seeks to identify the appropriate direction for the State's future efforts in facility planning. Through evaluating Alaska's existing facility planning activities and research the experience of other states in successfully implementing voluntary or mandatory facility planning, ADEC hopes to identify and understand the barriers and incentives to implementing of facility planning. Central to this process will be a work group comprised of business and government representatives that ADEC hopes will build ownership and commitment to facility planning and measurement. In addition, ADEC expects that the work group will develop a guidance or policy on the requirements for a facility plan.
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, Division of Environmental
(Total funding: $360,000)
DEQ plans to institutionalize pollution prevention into Division programs and staff through coordinated pollution prevention activities and training, which will include seven training sessions for DEQ employees. This PPIS grant will also fund numerous outreach activities including pollution prevention promotion and technology transfer in the following five targeted focus industries: agricultural crop production; auto repair; chemicals/chemical production; metal mining; and lumber/wood products.
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
(Total funding: $200,000)
DEQ's 1994 program is divided into three components: community level pollution prevention outreach; industry level pollution prevention outreach; and measuring pollution prevention success. In conducting community level outreach, DEQ will conduct pollution prevention training for Oregon pretreatment coordinators, source control managers, and environmental managers; and develop brochures and a ten-minute video promoting the waste prevention program community model. For industry level pollution prevention outreach, the Department will work with the Printing Imaging Association and a contractor to develop a multi-media regulatory and pollution prevention guide for the printing industry. To measure the effectiveness of pollution prevention efforts, DEQ plans to develop electronic versions of its hazardous waste and TUR annual reporting forms, and pollution prevention indicators for local communities.
Washington Department of Ecology
(Total funding: $207,611)
The Washington Department of Ecology's project is designed to meet the intent of legislation passed by the State legislature that requires the Department to conduct a pilot multimedia pollution prevention program that coordinates its regulatory and technical assistance activities and determine the feasibility of facility-wide permits. The main components of the project are a pilot project that will promote pollution prevention through a coordinated multimedia approach to regulating and assisting a selected industry (perhaps chemical manufacturing), and an investigation of the feasibility of facility-wide permits for a different industry (such as primary aluminum). The Department hopes that this endeavor will lead to a greater degree of pollution prevention and environmental protection at industrial facilities, greater efficiency in its service delivery, reduced regulatory costs and burdens for industry, and will create a platform through which the Department can make decisions about further pollution prevention integration actions.