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Office of Strategic Environmental Management

Case Studies, Publications and Other Resources

Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

This page contains up-to-date information on EMS in Permitting and Regulatory Programs. Explore the following sections to learn more.

Case Studies

  • Minnesota IBM EMS Permit Case Study (PDF 40 KB, 4 pg, About PDF)
    The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) issued an experimental EMS permit to IBM-Rochester. The permit contains facility-wide caps that offer operational flexibility, and reduces record keeping and reporting requirements as long as IBM employs an EMS and emissions remain below specified limits.
  • Minnesota Synthetic Minor Air Rule with EMS Provisions Case Study (PDF 36 KB, 7 pg, About PDF)
    A Minnesota synthetic minor air rule provides alternative synthetic minor air permit conditions that offer lower amendment application, reporting, and recordkeeping costs as long as EMS use, third-party EMS auditing, and compliance are maintained.


  • Environmental Policy Tools & Firm-level Management Practices: Results from the U.S.
    Authors: Nicole Darnall and Alexei Pavlichev, North Carolina State University, in cooperation with Nick Johnstone, OECD Environment Directorate
    Date: March 2003
    Discusses why firms introduce environmental management tools and systems, why firms undertake specific types of environmental investments and innovations, and what the links are between firms' financial performance and management practices.
  • Environmental Management Systems: Do They Improve Performance?
    Authors: Richard N.L. Andrews, Deborah Amaral, Nicole Darnall, Deborah Rigling Gallagher, Daniel Edwards Jr., Andrew Hutson, Chiara D'Amore, Lin Sun, and Yihua Zhang, University of North Carolina
    Date: January 2003
    Analysis by researchers at University of North Carolina of data on 80 public and private facilities during and following their EMS implementation over a period of 5 years. This publication includes observations on implications for government policy and assistance programs.
    Executive Summary (PDF, 155 KB, 36 pg, About PDF)
  • Environmental Management Systems and Company Performance: Assessing the Case for Extending Risk-based Regulation - Authors: Kristina Dahlstrom and Jim Skean, UK Policy Studies Institute; Chris Howes and Paul Leinsterz, UK Environment Agency
    Date: July 2003
    Discusses implications of linking environmental regulation with EMS in light of analysis of information on 800 sites regulated under the UK Integrated Pollution Control program.
  • Bolstering Private Sector Environmental Management
    Authors: Cary Coglianese and Jennifer Nash, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government
    Date: April 2001
    Questions whether use of an EMS is an appropriate measure of superior environmental performance and considers what provides suitable incentives for pursuing positive environmental outcomes through EMS.
  • Policy Implications of Environmental Management Systems (PDF, 121 KB, 34 pages, About PDF)
    Author: Cary Coglianese, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government
    Date: November 1999
    Examines what kind of results EMS yield, what policies would best encourage widespread use of EMS, and how (if at all) environmental policy should adapt to widespread implementation of EMS.

Other Resources

  • Multi-state Working Group on Environmental Performance (MSWG) Exit Disclaimer
    The MSWG brings together government, non-government, business, and academic interests to conduct research, promote dialogue, create networks, and establish partnerships that improve the state of the environment, economy, and community through systems-based public and private policy innovation. The MSWG is interested in the interconnection of EMS and public policy.
  • European Union's REMAS
    REMAS was a 3-year project designed to examine EMS currently in place in business and industry across EU Member States. REMAS will collate data from sites throughout Europe with the aim of documenting the evidence to link the presence of an EMS to environmental performance.


Information about Conferences and Events will be provided.

EMS in Permitting | Why Permitting EMS? | EMS Strategy | Initiatives | International Resources | Evaluation Tools | Resources

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