An industrial drum is a cylindrical container used for shipping and storing liquid or solid materials. According to the Plastic Drum Institute (PDI), between 12 and 15 million plastic drums are manufactured annually. Most drums are used to ship chemical and petroleum products. Steel, plastic, and pressed fiberboard drums can be manufactured with recovered steel, HDPE, and paperboard, respectively.
- Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges
- Product Specifications
- Product Information
- Additional Links
EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing industrial drums as shown in the table below.
|Product||Material||Postconsumer Content (%)||Total Recovered Materials Content (%)|
╣EPA's recommendations do
not preclude a procuring agency from purchasing another type
of industrial drum. They require that a procuring agency,
when purchasing industrial drums made from steel, plastic, or
fiber, purchase these items made with recovered materials
when they meet applicable specifications and performance
▓The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items are made from steel manufactured in a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30% total recovered materials, of which 16% is postconsumer steel.
- Industrial drums containing recovered materials can
meet applicable US Department of Transportation
Specifications for packaging hazardous materials.
- The National Motor Freight Traffic Association also develops performance specifications for containers used to transport goods via truck. Their specifications do not specify materials and do not prohibit the use of recovered materials.
of Manufacturers and Suppliers
This database identifies manufacturers and suppliers of industrial drums containing recovered materials.
Buy-Recycled Series: Miscellaneous Products (PDF) (7 pp, 146K, About PDF)
This fact sheet highlights miscellaneous products designated in the CPG, including industrial drums, and includes recommended recovered-content levels and a list of resources.
Background Document (PDF) (215 pp, 381K, About PDF)
This background document includes EPA's product research on recovered-content industrial drums as well as a more detailed overview of the history and regulatory requirements of the CPG process.