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Park and Recreation Products

Under the CPG program, EPA designated the following park and recreation products and published recycled-content recommendations for each item:

Page Contents:

Product Information:

Database of Manufacturers and Suppliers
This database identifies manufacturers and suppliers of designated products containing recovered materials.

GSA Advantage!
The General Services Administration's (GSA's) Park and Outdoor Recreational Equipment, Federal Supply Schedule Group 78, Part 1, Schedule C, Classes 7830, lists a variety of park and recreation products that contain recovered materials. In addition, GSA publishes various supply catalogues, guides, and schedules for recycled-content products available through the Federal Supply Service.

GSA has a Green Products Sustainable Facilities Tool to help federal procurement agents identify products, their environmental attributes, and where to buy them.

For More Information:

2007 Buy-Recycled Series: Park and Recreation Products (PDF) (6 pp, 100 K, About PDF)
This fact sheet highlights park and recreation products designated in the CPG, including park benches and picnic tables, and includes case studies, recommended recovered-content levels, and a list of resources.

 

Park Benches and Picnic Tables

Park benches and picnic tables are typically found in parks, outdoor recreational facilities, and on the grounds of office buildings. Recycled milk jugs and aluminum and steel cans can be used to manufacture these items.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled content levels for purchasing park benches and picnic tables as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels
for Park Benches and Picnic Tables
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Park Benches and Picnic Tables Plastics1 90-100 100
Plastic composites 50-100 100
Aluminum 25 25
Concrete -- 15-40
Steel 2 16
67
25-30
100

1"Plastics" includes both single and mixed plastic resins. Park benches and picnic tables made with recovered plastics may also contain other recovered materials such as sawdust, wood, or fiberglass. The percentage of these materials contained in the product would also count toward the recovered materials content level of the item.

2The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items can be made from steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100 percent recovered steel, of which 67 percnet is postconsumer.

Product Specifications:

GSA has a Green Products Sustainable Facilities Tool to help federal procurement agents identify products, their environmental attributes, and where to buy them.

Plastic lumber cannot be tested using the same tests already developed for virgin plastic. Tests on virgin plastic are performed on small cross-sections of the material. This is an accurate indicator of how the virgin plastic will perform as it is a homogeneous material. Plastic lumber, however, is not homogeneous in its construction, so tests on a cross-section of this material do not accurately predict how a length of lumber will perform in certain circumstances. For this reason, new test methods have been developed for lengths of lumber. These test methods apply to all types of plastic lumber or equivalent materials that are not homogeneous at the cross-section. For all the test methods listed for plastic lumber Exit EPA see the ASTM website. Specific ASTM test methods are as follows:

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on park benches and picnic tables, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Plastic Fencing

Plastic fencing containing recovered materials can be used to control drifting snow and sand and as a warning or safety barrier at construction sites. Plastic fencing used in these applications goes by many names — snow fencing, temporary fencing, beach or dune fencing, warning barrier, and safety barrier. Such fencing is constructed from recovered and postconsumer HDPE in an open-weave pattern or from wood slats held together with wire strands. EPA's designation specifically covers plastic fencing containing recovered plastic.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing plastic fencing for specified uses as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Fencing Containing Recovered Plastic
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered Materials Content (%)
Plastic Fencing Plastic 60-100 90-100

1Designation includes fencing containing recovered plastic for use in controlling snow or sand drifting and as a warning/safety barrier in construction or other applications.

Product Specifications:
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research for plastic fencing, please see the Technical Background Document for RMAN II.

Playground Equipment

Slides, swings, climbing equipment, merry-go-rounds, and seesaws are all different types of playground equipment. These items can be made with recovered wood, steel, aluminum, HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, and PP. A typical set of playground equipment made with recovered-content plastic lumber can contain plastic recovered from between 31,500 and 63,000 milk and water jugs.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled content levels for purchasing playground equipment as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Playground Equipment
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%) Total Recovered MaterialsContent (%)
Playground Equipment Plastics 1 90-100 100
Plastic composites 50-75 95-100
Steel 2 16
67
25-30
100
Aluminum 25 25

1"Plastics" includes both single and mixed plastic resins. Playground equipment made with recovered plastics may also contain other recovered materials such as wood or fiberglass. The percentage of these materials contained in the product would also count toward the recovered materials content level of the item.

2The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated items can be made from steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100 percent recovered steel, of which 67 percent is postconsumer.

Product Specifications:

GSA has a Green Products Sustainable Facilities Tool to help federal procurement agents identify products, their environmental attributes, and where to buy them.

EPA recommends that procuring agencies use the specifications found in the US Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Publication No. 325 (Handbook for Public Playground Safety) and ASTM standard F-1487-95, Safety Performance Specifications for Playground Equipment for Public Use, when procuring playground equipment. Playground equipment may also be subject to state and local codes and standards as well as Federal child safety laws.

EPA also recommends that procuring agencies use the ASTM specifications listed below for playground equipment made from plastic lumber. For all the test methods listed for plastic lumber Exit EPAsee the ASTM website. Specific ASTM test methods are as follows:

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on recovered-content playground equipment, please see the Technical Background Document for CPG III/RMAN III.

Playground Surfaces

Playground surfaces can contain recovered rubber and PVC materials that are often more desirable than wood chips, sand, or asphalt, because they can provide more cushioning and thereby may be safer for children. You can find playground surfaces made with recovered materials at schools, military bases, and housing developments.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing playground surfaces as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Playground Surfaces ,
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%)
Playground Surfaces Rubber or Plastic 90-100

¹EPA's recommendation does not preclude procuring agencies from purchasing playground surfaces manufactured from another material. It simply recommends that procuring agencies, when purchasing playground surfaces made from rubber or plastic, purchase these items made from recovered materials.

²The recommended recovered materials content levels are based on the dry weight of the raw materials, exclusive of any additives such as adhesives, binders, or coloring agents.

Product Specifications:
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on playground surfaces, please see the Technical Background Document for RMAN I.

Running Tracks

Running tracks can contain both recovered rubber and plastic. Running tracks made with recovered rubber have been constructed at universities, schools, military bases, the U.S. Olympics, and at the White House.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing running tracks as shown in the table below.

EPA's Recommended Recovered Materials Content Levels for Running Tracks ,
Product Material Postconsumer Content (%):
Running Tracks Rubber or Plastic 90-100

¹EPA's recommendation does not preclude procuring agencies from purchasing running tracks manufactured from another material. It simply recommends that procuring agencies, when purchasing running tracks made from rubber or plastic, purchase these items made from recovered materials.

²The recommended recovered materials content levels are based on the dry weight of the raw materials, exclusive of any additives such as adhesives, binders, or coloring agents.

Product Specifications:

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA’s product research on running tracks, please see the Technical Background Document for RMAN I.

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