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Vehicular Products

Under the CPG program, EPA designated the following vehicular products and published recycled-content recommendations for each item.

Page Contents:

Product Information:

Database of Manufacturers and Suppliers
This database identifies manufacturers and suppliers of designated products containing recovered materials.

GSA Advantage!
The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) has an online ordering system and publishes various supply catalogs, guides, and schedules for recycled-content products through the Federal Supply Service.

GSA has a Green Products Sustainable Facilities Tool to help federal procurement agents identify products, their environmental attributes, and where to buy them.

DLA Environmental Products 
This is a list of environmental products offered by the U.S. Defense Logistics Agency (2 pp, 395 K, About PDF), including some vehicular products.

For More Information:

2007 Buy-Recycled Series: Vehicular Products (PDF) (8 pp, 129 K, About PDF)
This fact sheet highlights the vehicular products designated in the CPG, including recycled engine coolants, and includes case studies, recommended recovered content levels, and a list of resources. 

Engine Coolants

Recycled engine coolants, also known as antifreeze, might actually be purer than virgin coolant because the recycling process reduces the chlorides that come from hard water. Testing shows that, like new coolant, recycled coolant meets nationally recognized performance specifications established by the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:
Additional Links:

For more information on EPA's product research on recycled engine coolant, please see the Technical Background Document for RMAN I.

Rebuilt Vehicular Parts

Rebuilt vehicular parts are vehicle parts that have been re-manufactured, reusing parts in their original form. Rebuilt parts undergo an extensive re-manufacturing and testing process and must meet the same industry specifications for performance as new parts.

Recommendations:

EPA recommends that procuring agencies whose vehicles (passenger vehicles as well as medium- and heavy-duty equipment, including trucks, cranes, off-road vehicles, and military vehicles) are serviced by a motor pool or vehicle maintenance facility establish a service contract to require the use of rebuilt vehicular parts in the agencies' vehicles or establish a program for vehicular parts rebuilding and reuse consisting of either recovering a used vehicular part and rebuilding it, replacing it with a rebuilt part, or contracting to have the part replaced with a rebuilt part. This designation applies to vehicles served by both on-site and commercial facilities.

Product Specifications:

To be labeled “rebuilt” or “remanufactured,” a part must be processed in accordance with the FTC’s “Guides for the Rebuilt, Reconditioned and Other Used Automotive Parts Industry,” 16 CFR Part 20. Rebuilders must test each part for compliance with FTC specifications and correct defects as necessary.

Additional Links:

For more information on EPA's product research on rebuilt vehicular parts, please see the Technical Background Document for RMAN IV.

Re-Refined Lubricating Oil

Re-refined lubricating oils include engine lubrication oil, hydraulic fluids, and gear oils. EPA's designation specifically excludes marine and aviation oils. The recycling of used oil has evolved from simply removing water, insolubles, and dirt, to the more complicated removal of heavy metals, nitrogen, chlorine, and oxygenated compounds. Today, re-refined lubricating oil is subject to the same stringent refining, compounding, and performance standards as virgin oil for use in automotive, heavy-duty diesel, and other internal combustion engines, hydraulic fluids, and gear oils. In addition, extensive laboratory testing and field studies have concluded that re-refined oil is equivalent to virgin oil, passes all prescribed tests, and can even outperform virgin oil. In fact, the three major U.S. automobile manufacturers now recognize that re-refined oil meets the performance criteria in their warranties.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA recommends that procuring agencies set their minimum re-refined oil content standard at the highest level of re-refined oil that they determine meets the statutory requirements of RCRA section 6002(c)(1), but no lower than 25 percent re-refined oil.

EPA recommends that procuring agencies review their procurement practices and eliminate those which would inhibit or preclude procurement of lubricating oils containing re-refined oil. For example, procuring agencies should review the practices of inviting bids and issuing contracts to do the following:

Product Specifications:

Engine lubricating oils:

Hydraulic fluids

Gear oils

Additional Links:

Technical background information on re-refined oil was published in the Federal Register on February 17, 1989 (54 FR 24699) and codified at 40 CFR 247. This product designation was one of five incorporated in CPG I/RMAN I on May 1, 1995 (60 FR 21370-21386).

Retread Tires

In most situations, retread tires can be driven under the same conditions and at the same speeds as new tires with no loss in safety or comfort. In fact, retread tires have been safely used on school buses, trucks, cars, fire engines, and other emergency vehicles for years. Retreading tires also helps conserve a valuable nonrenewable resource-oil. Every year, retreading saves more than 400 million gallons of oil in North America. Retread tires also help divert thousands of scrap tires from disposal each year.

Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges:

EPA recommends that procuring agencies establish preference programs consisting of two components:

Additional Links:

Technical background information on retread tires was published in the Federal Register on Nov. 17, 1988 (53 FR 46558) and codified at 40 CFR 247. This product designation was one of five incorporated in CPG I/RMAN I on May 1, 1995 (60 FR 21370-21386).

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