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Solid Waste and Emergency Response

Superfund - Cleanup of Uncontrolled
Hazardous Waste Sites

Superfund is the federal government’s program to clean up the nation's most serious uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. It is also the name of the fund established by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended. There are several steps involved in cleaning up a hazardous waste site. When citizens, state agencies, or others report a site to EPA, EPA follows a step-by-step process to determine the best way to clean up the site and protect human health and the environment.

The Superfund cleanup process involves steps taken to assess sites, place some on the National Priorities List, and establish and implement appropriate cleanup plans.

In addition, the Agency has the authority to:

  • conduct removal actions where immediate action needs to be taken;
  • enforce against potentially responsible parties;
  • ensure community involvement;
  • involve states; and
  • ensure long-term protectiveness.

Over the past 30+ years, EPA has located and analyzed tens of thousands of hazardous waste sites, protected people and the environment from contamination, held polluters accountable, and involved communities in the cleanup.

Click on each of the steps below to see where you can actively participate in OSWER Superfund processes.

Community Engagement Opportunities
Superfund Process
Community Engagement Initiative (CEI)

EPA encourages communities to be involved in all phases of a site cleanup. Communities can provide input about a site’s history, the community’s concerns about the site, and any plans to redevlop the site.


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