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Water Quality and Conservation

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Water is vital to the survival of everything on the planet. The Earth might seem like it has abundant water, but in fact less than 1 percent is available for human use. Managing water is a growing concern in the United States. Communities across the country are starting to face challenges regarding water supply and water infrastructure. By promoting water efficiency and enhancing the market for water-efficient products, programs, and practices, we can help protect the future of our nation's water supply. Areas to focus water conservation activities in a casino can include:

  • Installing low-flow toilets, faucets and showerheads;
  • Installing low-flow kitchen sprayers; and
  • Operating reclaimed water features such as fountains.

EPA’s WaterSense Program was launched in 2006, and seeks to protect the future of our nation’s water supply by promoting water efficiency and enhancing the market for water-efficient products, programs, and practices. WaterSense brings together local water utilities and governments, product manufacturers, retailers, consumers, and other stakeholders to:

  • Decrease indoor and outdoor non-agricultural water use through the adoption of more efficient products and practices;
  • Help consumers make water-efficient choices, including differentiating between products and services in the marketplace and adopting simple daily activities that reduce water use;
  • Encourage innovation in manufacturing; and
  • Establish and standardize rigorous certification criteria that ensure product efficiency, performance, and quality.

For specific ideas on how your casino/resort can save water, please visit EPA’s Water and Energy Efficiency web page designed for businesses, or a presentation given at a Greening Tribal Casinos Workshop titled Protecting Water Quality with Green Infrastructure (PDF) (24 pp, 3.7MB, About PDF). To preserve water quality, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) regulates construction activities (which include soil-disturbing activities such as clearing, grading, excavating, stockpiling, etc.) that disturb one or more acres, or smaller sites that are part of a larger common plan of development or sale. Operators of regulated construction sites are required to develop stormwater pollution prevention plans; to implement sediment, erosion, and pollution prevention control measures; and to obtain coverage under a state or EPA NPDES permit. For information on how this might affect your facility, please visit the EPA Construction General Permit website.

Low Impact Development (LID): LID is an approach to land development (or re-development) that works with nature to manage stormwater as close to its source as possible. LID employs principles such as preserving and recreating natural landscape features, thereby minimizing effective imperviousness to create functional and appealing site drainage that treats stormwater as a resource rather than a waste product.

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