About Chemicals, Hazardous Substances, and Oil
EPA's emergency management activities and regulations help protect the environment and human health from releases or discharges of oil, chemicals, or other hazardous substances.
Chemicals and Hazardous Substances
Because each hazardous substance has its own properties and behaviors, the potential for exposure and the nature of the effects vary widely.
Regulated Chemicals – Title III List of Lists
Superfund Hazardous Substances
Health and Ecological Hazards
Reactive Chemical Hazards
International Chemical Safety Cards (CDC)
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (CDC)
ATSDR Toxicological Profiles (CDC)
Emergency Response Guidebook (DOT)
Chemical Hazards Response Information System
Because spills of any type of oil may impact the environment, EPA and the regulated community aim to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oils of all types:
- Petroleum-based oils, including crude oils and refined oils
- Non-petroleum-based oils, including animal fats and vegetable oils
In addition to the type of oil, the impact of a spill depends on its location.
Learn more about oil spills: