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Appendix B-1: Table of U.S. EPA Test Methods for Petroleum Hydrocarbons

SW-846 Method Water/
Wastewater Method
Analytes Primary Equipment Sample Preparation1
40302 n/a TPHs Immunoassay Included in kit
40352 n/a PAHs Immunoassay Included in kit
80153 n/a Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons; Nonhalogenated VOCs GC/FID Extraction (SVOCs)4; Purge-and-Trap and Headspace (VOCs)4; Azeotropic Distillation (Nonhalogenated VOCs)3,4
80213,5 502.2/602 Aromatic VOCs (not ethers or alcohols) GC/PID Purge-and-Trap
8100 n/a PAHs GC/FID Extraction4
82606 524.2/624 VOCs GC/MS Purge-and-Trap; Static Headspace; Azeotropic Distillation4
8270 525/625 SVOCs GC/MS Extraction4
8310 610 PAHs High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) Extraction4
84407 418.18 TPH IR Spectro- photometer Supercritical Fluid Extraction from soils4

1These are the standard methods of preparation for the corresponding method. They may vary depending upon specific analytical needs.
2Screening method for soils.
3MTBE can be analyzed for with U.S. EPA SW-846 Method 8015 or 8021, however, 8021 has lower detection limits, is subject to less interference in highly contaminated samples, and tends to be more economical by providing BTEX data in the same analysis. Concerns about co-elution with some alkanes requires at least one confirmatory analysis with SW-846 Method 8260 per site.
4See Chapter 4 of SW-846 for specific appropriate methods.
58021 replaces 8010 and 8020.
68260 replaces 8240.
7This method is similar to 418.1, however, perchlorethane (PCE) is used as an IR solvent instead of Freon-113TM.
8418.1 is used extensively, although it is NOT on the list of promulgated methods.

NOTE: This table appears as Table B-1 in Appendix B of "Expedited Site Assessment Tools for Underground Storage Tank Sites: A Guide for Regulators" (EPA 510-B-97-001).

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