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Laws, Regulations, And Policies Pertaining To Underground Storage Tanks


A complete version of the law that governs underground storage tanks (USTs) is available in the U.S. Code, Title 42, Chapter 82, Subchapter IX Exit EPA Disclaimer. This law incorporates amendments to Subtitle I of the Solid Waste Disposal Act as well as the UST provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and gives EPA the authority to regulate USTs.

The LUST provision of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act appropriated $200 million to assess and clean up leaks from underground storage tanks. The vast majority of the money is allocated to states and territories in the form of assistance agreements to address shovel-ready sites within their jurisdictions.


2015 Underground Storage Tank Regulations

EPA revised the underground storage tank regulation and the state approval regulation in June 2015.

EPA's 1988 regulations concerning USTs are contained in 40 CFR Part 280, 40 CFR Part 281 and 40 CFR Parts 282.50-282.105. The regulations are divided into three sections: technical requirements, financial responsibility requirements, and state program approval objectives.

The UST Technical Compendium based on the 1988 regulations contains questions and answers that interpret the 1988 UST regulations.

Policies And Guidance

EPA developed policies and guidance, which are based on the 1988 UST regulations, to help implement the UST program. EPA developed these documents in consultation with states and territorial UST programs. The documents provide additional information on various aspects of the UST program, including federal statutory requirements, technical issues, enforcement, and financial management for grants and cooperative agreements.

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