These resources provide information on methanol (synonyms: methyl alcohol, carbinol, methylol, methyl hydroxide, monohydroxy methane, and wood alcohol), including its chemical properties, fate and transport, handling, and health impacts. For information on other oxygenates, return to the oxygenates main page.
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- Methanol Institute - Reformulated Gasolines 2003.
Published by the Methanol Institute, this Web page highlights articles and studies regarding the use of ethanol and methanol in fuels.
Characteristics And Chemical Properties
- Chemical Profile for Methanol (CAS Number: 67-56-1) 2005.
Provided by Scorecard, an online resource for information about pollution problems and toxic chemicals, this Web page provides basic methanol-related information and links to other resources.
- Chemicals in the Environment: Methanol (CAS No. 67-56-1) 1994. EPA 749-F-94-013.
Prepared by EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, this fact sheet provides background information on methanol.
- Envirofacts Warehouse Chemical References: Methanol, CAS #67-56-1 2009.
EPA's Envirofacts Master Chemical Integrator provides links to methanol resources produced by EPA and other organizations.
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Methyl Alcohol 2005.
This pocket guide, prepared by the National Institutes of Health, provides basic safety and handling information related to methanol.
- Robust Summaries & Test Plans: Methanol 2007.
This submission to EPA's High Production Volume (HPV) Challenge Program, which makes information on high production volume chemicals accessible to the public, provides detailed information on methanol.
Handling And Use
- Oxygenate Compatibility and Permeability Report (PDF) (18pp, 61K, About PDF) 1999.
This UST Team 1 report presents the results of a literature review and industry survey to explore the compatibility of oxygenates including methanol, ethanol, MTBE, ETBE, TAME, and DIPE with materials used in underground storage tank systems.
Health And Safety
- Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Inhaled Methanol on Nonhuman Primates and Their Infant Offspring 2009.
This EPA Web page provides information on research on inhalation exposures to methanol in primates. Additional information and links are provided.
- Integrated Risk Information System: Methanol (CASRN 67-56-1) 1988.
EPA's Integrated Risk Information System provides detailed human health-related information on methanol.
- Synopsis, Research Report Number 42: Effects of Methanol Vapor on Human Neurobehavioral Measures 2004.
Prepared by the Health Effects Institute, this report presents a synopsis of a pilot study exploring the affect of methanol vapor exposure on the human nervous system.
- Synopsis, Research Report Number 73: Developmental Neurotoxicity of Inhaled Methanol in Rats 2004.
Prepared by the Health Effects Institute, this report presents a synopsis of research on the effects of prenatal and early postnatal inhalation of methanol on neurobehavior in rats.
- Synopsis, Research Report Number 74: Methanol Distribution in NonPregnant and Pregnant Rodents 2004.
Prepared by the Health Effects Institute, this report presents a synopsis of research conducted to determine the relationship between methanol exposure and its uptake into and elimination from the blood of nonpregnant and pregnant rodents.
- Synopsis, Research Report Number 77: Metabolic Studies in Monkeys Exposed to Methanol Vapors 2004.
Prepared by the Health Effects Institute, this report presents a synopsis of research performed to determine the effects of methanol vapor exposure in monkeys.
Remediation And Treatment
- Relationship Between Subsurface Biodegradation Rates and Microbial Density 1989.
Published in Environmental Science & Technology, this paper presents the results of research on the rates and patterns of biodegradation of methanol, phenol, and tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) in surface and subsurface soils.
Transport And Fate
- Anaerobic Biodegradation of Organic Chemicals in Groundwater: A Summary of Field and Laboratory Studies (PDF) (182 pp, 795K, About PDF) 1997.
In this final report prepared by the Syracuse Research Corporation, the biodegradation of organic chemicals including methanol is discussed.
- Evaluation of the Fate and Transport of Methanol in the Environment (PDF) (69pp, 345K, About PDF) 1999.
Prepared for the Methanol Institute, this report summarizes existing information on methanol, including its fate and transport and human health impacts.