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Essential Uses of CFCs for Metered-Dose Inhalers

Each year EPA publishes a notice requesting applications from companies who seek allowances to produce or import CFCs for use as propellant in metered-dose inhalers, which is considered an essential use. The notice is published over a year in advance of when the actual allocations are made, in order to allow time for the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to review the U.S. nomination. Once the Parties have reviewed the U.S. nomination and approved a particular year’s allocations, EPA allocates essential use allowances to individual companies through its notice-and-comment rulemaking process. The total allocation for a particular year may not exceed the amount the Parties have authorized for that year. The allowances permit companies to produce or import newly manufactured CFCs specifically for the essential uses designated in the final rule.

Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs) propelled by ozone-depleting CFCs are being gradually and cautiously phased out. Additional information on the transition to ozone-safe MDIs can be found here.

You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more about PDF, and for a link to the free Acrobat Reader.

Regulations and Federal Register Notices

Essential Use Allocation – 2014

Request for applications (July 22, 2011; 76 FR 44001) (3 pp, 188 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2013

Request for applications (July 22, 2010; 75 FR 42747) (3 pp, 150 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2012

Request for applications (December 22, 2009; 74 FR 68060) (3 pp, 179 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2011

Request for applications (December 1, 2008; 73 FR 72794) (3 pp, 55 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2010

Fact Sheet
Request for applications (December 3, 2007; 72 FR 67930) (3 pp, 181 KB)
Final rule (May 10, 2010) (5 pp, 189 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2009

Fact Sheet
Final rule (June 24, 2009; 74 FR 14862) (6 pp, 192 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2008

Fact sheet
Final rule (June 11, 2008; 73 FR 33007) (7 pp, 200 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2007

Fact sheet
Final rule (June 12, 2007; 72 FR 32212) (7 pp, 199 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2006

Fact sheet
Final rule (October 4, 2006; 71 FR 58504) (11 pp, 219 KB)
Transcript of April 21, 2006, Public Meeting

Essential Use Allocation – 2005

Fact sheet
Final rule (August 24, 2005; 70 FR 49836) (9 pp, 169 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2004

Final Rule (January 28, 2004; 69 FR 4059) (7 pp, 186 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2003

Final rule (December 27, 2002; 67 FR 79508) (5 pp, 170 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2002

Final rule (February 11, 2002; 67 FR 6352) (11 pp, 201 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2001

Final rule (January 8, 2001; 66 FR 1462) (10 pp, 278 KB)

Essential Use Allocation – 2000

Final rule (June 30, 2000; 65 FR 40524)

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