1993 PPIS Grants
Note: This information is provided for reference purposes only. Although the information provided here was accurate and current when first created, it is now outdated.
Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT)
Region 2 (NJ, NY, PR, VI)
Region 3 (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV)
Region 4 (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN)
Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI)
Region 6 (AR, LA, NM, OK, TX)
Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE)
Region 8 (CO, MT, ND, SD, UT, WY)
Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NV, AS, GU)
Region 10 (AK, ID, OR, WA)
Connecticut Technical Assistance Program1993 (Total funding: $134,000)
Activities under this grant:
- Provide technical assistance on P2 to Connecticut generators of hazardous waste, air emissions and wastewater discharges.
- Provide Matching Challenge Grants for multi-media P2 projects. Information collected from the projects would benefit other companies through technology transfer efforts.
- Develop a P2 project financial analysis service that will assist companies in applying for financial assistance for P2 projects through the state's Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund or other public or private lending institutions.
- Establish the Connecticut Waste Exchange Program which would allow state business to access National Waste Exchange databases.
- Recognize its resource center to ensure current and accurate information is easily accessible to ConnTAP staff to assist businesses in reducing their waste.
- Coordinate with the University of Connecticut's Environmental Research Institute to determine P2 research needs through reviewing and evaluating ConnTAP's technical assistance requests, matching grant projects and site visit reports.
- Continue and expand its management responsibilities under the state's Environmental Assistance Revolving Loan Fund by reviewing applications to ensure applicant and project eligibility.
- Continue to sponsor conferences/seminars on P2.
- Train staff to enhance their professional development in providing technical/financial assistance on P2 to Connecticut generators of hazardous waste, air emissions, and wastewater discharges.
Maine Department of Environmental Protection1993
(Total funding: $119,130)
Activities under this grant will allow DEP to facilitate and encourage interaction of water, air, land and waste programs. The project involves three key elements designed to involve all media and assists businesses with Pollution Prevention (P2) implementation. First, active coordination of technical staff representing DEP's water, land, air and waste bureaus; development of facility-specific Total Cost Assessment with 4-5 small mid-size companies to demonstrate financial impacts of P2 initiative; and third, pilot an engineering internship program in cooperation with the University of Maine.
Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance1993
(Total funding: $260,000)
Activities under this grant will result in the Office of Technical Assistance creating two programs.
Technical Assistance program which is an integrated multi-media, multi-disciplinary pollution prevention/resource conservation (P2/RC) audit team made up of specialists from various agencies and entities in the area toxic use reduction ("TUR"); energy and water use efficiency; solid waste source reduction/recycling; air pollution prevention; and environmental procurement practices.
Agency Planner Training, consists of an in-depth P2/RC curriculum and classroom instruction program with practical field experience components designed to provide all state agencies with long-term P2/RC expertise.
Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection1993
(Total funding: $100,000)
Activities under this grant have two interrelated aspects. The first requires the largest users of toxic chemicals to submit annual toxic use reduction reports and develop biennial toxic use reduction plans. In addition, the law mandates DEP to shift the focus of its environmental regulatory programs from their existing single-media, treatment orientation to a multi-media, prevention orientation.
Assisted by Federal and state funds, projects have been support the design and building of a multi-media/pollution prevention focus into their traditional media programs. Projects include:
Completion of a pilot project that evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of multi-media/pollution prevention biased compliance programs. DEP's initial inspections will be done in accordance with the methodology developed in the pilot.
DEP has designed and will implement a pilot project to evaluate ways to alter our permitting systems so that firms first explore the feasibility of "prevention" techniques rather than treatment to achieve environmental standards.
Finally, they have implemented a "Facility Master File (FMF)" a computerized database that includes basic information on each facilities status in each of the separate media program as well as its compliance and enforcement status in all programs.
DEP, through the development of a regulatory program that imposes pollution prevention planning and reporting requirements on the approximately 800 "Large Quantity Toxics User (LQTUs)," have now received its first toxics user reduction reports. With this compilation of reports received each year, DEP lacks the capacity to examine the information in their database in a meaningful way. This grant will:
Provide DEP with the ability to analyze its data, and to actually complete some analyses. To do this DEP would need to acquire and install Natural Language Software for FMF and the TURA subsystem. The advantage of this software is that it empowers researchers to do iterative reports. Because the nature of the information that is available to DEP is so new, the answers to one set of questions will probably generate another entire line of inquiry. This system will allow for that type of research to be feasible.
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services1993
(Total funding: $171,181)
Activities under this grant will result in:
- Enhancing the existing program and projects already underway at the DES involves presenting to educators and students the concepts of pollution prevention. Such information is essential and will benefit the student, NH business and industry, and the state as a whole, when the student has left the university setting.
- Also, NHPPP's use of retired engineers on-site will provide chemical and engineering expertise of upper classpersons and graduate students who would bring their unique skills to the program. Students would be exposed to "real world" industry settings and situations that will make them more prepared for future employment opportunities. This partnership will also benefit the state by strengthening and broadening the type and breadth of projects that can currently be undertaken. Working together will enhance the credibility of both programs, and will show ND businesses that students are more prepared than ever to integrate into the work environment. Work products will benefit both programs and will come about more efficiently.
- Finally, the state of NH and NH business and industry benefits through a more proactive and informed workforce, improve environmental quality, improved competitiveness and efficiency, and reduced risks and wastes.
Vermont Agency of Natural Resources1993
(Total funding: $156,000)
Activities under this section of the grant will result in:
- Conducting on-site pollution prevention pre-assessment and assessment visits by assembled teams of Retired Engineers and Professionals. These teams will then prepare confidential assessment reports for participating companies.
- Creating a small matching grant program with industry for innovative P2 projects, requiring applicants to match grants through documented spending, in-kind employee time or other indirect costs, with the project results reported to other industries.
- Supporting both Governor's Pollution Prevention Award for Environmental Excellence and the Pollution Prevention Conference. Its purpose will focus on collaborative efforts and public-private partnerships in enhancing environmental quality and economic development through pollution prevention, sustainable development, design for the environment, and non-regulatory approaches to environmental protection.
- Develop an alternative painting and coatings conference and vendor exhibition that will provide a hands-on demonstration of alternative equipment that could be used to reduce emissions from painting and coatings. This event will prove relevant to various industry types including furniture, metal finishing, plastics and automotive.
- Establish a P2 engineering course for manufacturing industries in Vermont, resulting in promoting involvement of state universities and colleges in pollution prevention and toxic use reduction.
- The final activity, scanning documents will improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the current system, especially in the distribution of documents to the industries, better cataloguing, and cross referencing.
Passamaquoddy Tribe - Indian Township Reservation1993
(Total funding: $27,268)
This project will identify present activities which contribute to multi-media environmental pollution and which may be modified to result in source reduction. These activities include:
- Assessing existing community energy and water usage and determining methods to reduce water usage which will result in reduced wastewater discharge.
- Exploring alternatives to chlorination of wastewater, such as ultraviolet treatment systems; studying consumer practices on the reservation to identify solid waste source reduction alternatives (i.e., recognition of excess packaging, purchasing in bulk quantities, using cloth diapers).
- Conducting an assessment of pesticide spraying practices on the Reservation, to include the possible adoption of less environmentally harmful pesticides (both volume and toxicity reductions).
- Assessing the two tribal economic development projects for possible pollution source reduction and providing technical assistance as needed.
- In educating the Indian Township community to recognize ways that individuals can reduce sources of environmental pollution, this project will provide tribal informational brochures and cable TV broadcasts to the tribal community on water conservation methods, improving energy efficiency and conservation, methods of source reduction of solid waste, and providing assessments and technical assistance to the two economic development projects.
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy, Office of Pollution Prevention1993
(Total funding: $533,837)
This project supports the development of a pollution prevention facility-wide permitting pilot project. Facility-wide permitting is defined as a single environmental permit for an industrial facility that combines the facility's air, water, and hazardous waste permits along with its Pollution Prevention Plan. New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy (NJDEPE) will test the benefits and feasibility of facility-wide permitting with 12 volunteering companies. It is NJDEPE's intent to evaluate the facility-wide permit program and provide recommendations to the State legislative body regarding the environmental protection implications of facility-wide permitting as well as the potential for facility-wide permitting to streamline the permitting process and issue more comprehensive multi-media permits in less time than development of conventional permits.
New York Department of Environmental Conservation1993
(Total funding: $400,001)
This project will enhance New York State's pollution prevention capabilities and will allow for a more rapid and extensive implementation of an integrated and comprehensive Multi-Media Pollution Prevention (M2P2) program. The goals and objectives include enhancing the capabilities of the Departmental Conservation in carrying out its M2P2 program by integrating pollution prevention expertise and experience; expanding the Department's hazardous waste reduction program by the integration of the air, water, and solid waste programs into the State's Pollution Prevention efforts, as well as expanding the Department's small business assistance program beyond the existing air focus. The project has three tasks: Pilot the M2P2 Program for small business, provide Multi-Media Pollution Technical Assistance, and develop Waste Prevention options for Grocery Stores.
Cornell University - Center for the Environment1993
(Total funding: $40,586)
This project supports reduction of the amount of waste produced in New York State and Puerto Rico. It will decrease the cost and impacts relating to disposal and will reduce the multi-media point and non-point impacts associated with the whole lifecycle of the production, distribution and use of unnecessary products and packages. Activities under this grant will:
- Enhance the regional local-state, private-public partnerships for technical assistance in waste prevention to municipalities and businesses.
- Provide the tools necessary for local government to implement waste prevention programs.
DC Environmental Regulation Administration1993
(Total funding: $94,276)
Activities under this grant will enhance the environmental quality through Institutionalizing Multi-Media Pollution Prevention as an Environmental Management Priority.
This will be achieved by providing education and training for District government policy, regulatory and environmental staff in order to promote and integrate the P2 ethic and cross media philosophy within government; develop a comprehensive pollution prevention strategic plan for the District of Columbia which will include providing direct technical assistance to businesses and the public, collecting and analyzing data to target outreach and technical assistance opportunities, conducting outreach activities, develop measures to determine and quantify progress in pollution prevention, identify regulatory and non-regulatory barriers and incentives to pollution prevention and develop plans to implement incentives.
Develop Multi-Media Pollution Prevention Activities by providing multi-media training for personnel in the automotive industry in order to facilitate waste minimization, pollution prevention and compliance; and to initiate the inventory of available resources and develop a P2 and waste reduction information management system (WRIMS).
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection1993
(Total funding: $293,094)
Activities under this grant include supporting PADER to establish an on-site multi-media source reduction assessment program for small- and medium-sized businesses; develop outreach, information exchange an a technology transfer program to disseminate current information on pollution prevention techniques; and to incorporate multi-media pollution prevention concepts into PADER's programs wherever and whenever possible.
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $311,600)
This project will expand Virginia's multi-media pollution prevention activities. The project is designed to educate and then foster information sharing among organizations within Virginia (federal/state/local/governments and industry) to forward the concept of pollution prevention.
- Establish a statewide pollution prevention infrastructure involving all levels of government, including completing the integration of pollution prevention into the activities of the regulatory programs of the DEQ such as enforcement, inspections and permitting.
- Multi-media P2 outreach for VA industries via innovative Communications techniques.
- Train DEQ regulatory staff to understand then role in promoting P2 within VA.
- Facilitate the efficient transfer of P2 technology and information.
- Reevaluate regulations and laws to identify existing barriers and potential incentives for P2.
- Measure progress through qualitative and quantitative measures.
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection1993
(Total funding: $298,588)
In a joint effort with the National Institute for Chemical Studies (NICS), the WVDEP strive to increase awareness of P2 opportunities, share technological advances and ultimately cut wastes discharged to the state's environment.
Activities under this grant involve:
- Publication of an annual West Virginia Scorecard which is a catalyst for publicly encouraging P2. It is a credible analysis of industrial releases to the environment which is overseen by a group of environmentalists, industry representatives and air, water and waste divisions of WVDEP.
- Data quality improvements which involve an intensive process of data entry, review and cross-checking of all data after submission.
- Establishing workshops and seminars that will primarily address data quality, timely filing and outreach to non-filers. The program's outreach effort is to seek to actively engage target audiences in promoting P2.
- Continued publication of the quarterly Pollution Prevention newsletter that will continue to recognize success stories from industry at home and across the country and to encourage technology transfer. Readership will be expanded more into small business with tips for P2 in that sector.
Alabama Department of Environmental Management1993
(Total funding: $122,500)
Activities under this grant involve the further development and institutionalization of a voluntary, multimedia pollution prevention program utilizing the combined expertise and resources of existing industrial, governmental and academic programs, to support and implement multimedia pollution prevention activities.
- Expand efforts of the Waste Reduction and Technical Transfer Learning Education and Research (WRATTLER) Foundation to assist in implementing strategies to make technical assistance more relevant and accessible to small businesses, and to conduct post-assessment reviews.
- WRATTLER establishing and expanding working relationships with Tennessee Valley Authority, universities, industry and other organizations to enhance research and development activities, to maximize and optimize accurate technology transfer within industry, and to assure good engineering practices.
- Developing strategies to encourage voluntary participation in P2 by businesses requesting assistance through the newly announced multimedia ombudsman office in ADEM.
- Develop and initiate a campaign within ADEM to increase awareness of P2 concepts.
- Use existing sources of data and request additional information to be provided on a voluntary basis from industry in order to evaluate the current areas of interest and to identify needs.
- Continuing support and promotion of P2 through cooperative efforts with Auburn University Extension Service, WRATTLER, Legacy, Waste Minimization Advisory Committee (WMAC), Capacity Assurance, EPA, and other forums as they arise and to develop strategies to expand the public/private cooperation in existing and future P2 programs.
Florida Department of Environmental Regulation1993
(Total funding: $116,250)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Expanding technical assistance capabilities through the hiring of more people with experience and technical expertise in engineering, science and a variety of other disciplines to Florida's businesses and offices. These people will conduct technical assistance visitscollecting data on current use of chemicals and resources, their costs, utility bills for water and energy, and their solid and hazardous waste disposal costs. As P2 options are analyzed, the potential environmental and economic improvements are quantified and recorded as potential reductions or potential dollar savings. After a project is completed, the staff quantifies the achieved results. The Department plans to expand the current results measuring system to include measuring reductions in human health risks and linking P2 achievements to environmental objectives.
- Planning an outreach effort of forums throughout Florida to discuss Florida's P2 policy outlined in the Florida Pollution Prevention Act and the recommendations of the P2 Council. The goal of these recommendations will be to increase voluntary multi-media P2 efforts.
- Establishing two courses of multimedia P2 training for Department and local government regulatory staff, in an effort to expand the Department's efforts to further institutionalize consideration of P2 alternatives as a part of Florida's environmental regulatory framework.
Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Authority1993
(Total funding: $112,500)
Activities under this grant seek to develop and sponsor a series of workshops to promote successful P2 programs in industry. Objectives include integrating the Authority's P2 philosophy into the industrial sector through workshops facilitated by representative industries across the state that have had significant success in implementing a P2 ethic into their organizations. Reducing not only the quantities of waste they are producing, but instilling a P2 culture into their company. The basic approach is to let "industry help industry."
Kentucky Department of Environmental Protection1993
(Total funding: $112,500)
Activities under this grant involve the continuation of P2 site visit assessments for industries and businesses; publishing the quarterly newsletter "The Waste Line;" maintaining and expanding directory of companies serving the P2 market; convening four annual seminars on P2; conducting industry-specific workshops on P2; assisting the state in expanding program goals and objectives, including tracking 33/50 companies; and developing a Technical Assistance Plan for State government.
Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $1,022,622)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Providing multimedia P2 training seminars/workshops for MDEQ regulatory personnel.
- Conducting waste minimization potential analyses which provide for direct on-site technical assistance to businesses and industries to identify and analyze methods for reducing/minimizing waste.
- Establishing waste minimization reassessment meetings to assist industries in understanding waste minimization and its benefits; facilitate clarification of goals, needs and priorities in waste reduction; provide educational training for employees; and to utilize the functions of an on-site waste minimization management team.
- Design, develop and implement a public information campaign to promote P2 in the State, consisting of newspaper, radio and television public service announcements.
- Continuing P2 demonstration projects with the following groups: hotel/restaurant, school district, community college, university, municipality, and county (rural).
- Continuing to maintain an information exchange with a waste exchange component for all industries, businesses, municipalities, students, and the general public on P2.
- Produce appropriate materials for use by Mississippi generators of wastes to assist in their P2 efforts.
- Conducting regional conferences on P2.
- Producing newsletters on P2 for industry, business, municipalities and the general public.
- Developing a questionnaire that will identify perceived regulatory and non-regulatory barriers and incentives to P2.
Initiative a challenge grants' program to provide funding for projects which demonstrate technologies and techniques for the reduction of waste and the prevention of pollution.
Initiate a Governor's award program to recognize and honor accomplishments of businesses, industries, cities and/or counties in the field of waste reduction/pollution prevention.
North Carolina Department of Environmental Health and Natural Resources1993
(Total funding: $112,500)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Identify small business categories which will be impacted by the CAA.
- Develop a range of technical information packages which can be directly used by the targeted small business to reduce waste from all media.
- Disseminate the information through a range of methods which could include direct mail, workshops, teleconferences, newsletters, and related activities.
- Conduct training courses for the selected business groups on implementing waste reduction programs and available techniques.
- Identify areas for further research and work with the Office of Waste Reduction, USEPA, the University system and similar groups to undertake the needed research.
- Work with the Office of Small Business Ombudsman and the Division of Environmental Management's Air Quality Section to insure that waste reduction is included in all small business technical assistance, regulatory and enforcement efforts undertaken by the state.
- Establish tracking and QA/QC program to insure that the project is meeting the client businesses' needs and has been effective in reducing waste.
South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control1993
(Total funding: $112,500)
Activities under this grant involve small- and medium-sized industries in the development of a Waste Minimization Program in their operation. This grant is important to small operation especially with the oncoming advent of the elimination of key ozone depleting solvents by 1996 as mandated by the Montreal Protocol and ex-President Bush. Small companies using such solvents are the most vulnerable to this mandate since in most cases they lack the personnel, expertise and capital to find and develop suitable substitutes and equipment to replace the banned solvents.
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation1993
(Total funding: $117,618)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Develop a "Toxics 2000 Partnership," a voluntary effort by Tennessee's industries to reduce waste (expanding on EPA's 33/50 Program) and to share information about waste reduction/pollution prevention successes.
- Offer technical assistance to new businesses and assisting existing businesses with pollution prevention and waste reduction.
- Develop the Toxics 2000 Bulletin Board, which will include an inventory of businesses which are interested in selling, trading or buying industrial waste products and schedules for training sessions and seminars.
- Expand the waste reduction assistance newsletter (WRAP SHEET) to include a four-page section devoted to pollution prevention information.
- Establish a technical assistance arm of the newly-created Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Awareness by hiring technical personnel who will focus on multi-media training and assistance for industries not currently involved in existing programs.
- Assist the University of Tennessee Center for Industrial Services by co-sponsoring the 1993 National Pollution Prevention Roundtable.
Illinois Hazardous Waste Research Information Research Center1993
(Total funding: $463,969)
In an effort to expand its pollution prevention efforts with small and medium businesses in Illinois, activities under this grant involve:
- Investigating techniques and technologies designed to reduce or eliminate the use of solvents, particularly those targeted by the Clean Air Act and Pollution Prevention Act of 1990.
- Using TRI data to identify facilities that are reporting emission reductions and will examine the reasons for these reductions and whether they might be applicable to other similar facilities.
Work with DCCA's Small Business Environmental Assistance Program, HWRIC will identify industry participants needing technical evaluations of alternative cleaning products and related technologies designed to reduce the amount of waste.
Indiana Department of Environmental Management1993
(Total funding: $40,000)
The Office of Pollution Prevention and Technical Assistance (OPPTA) incorporates pollution prevention within other program offices, and unites the two geographically separated offices by working on a common project. The proposal includes development of a working relationship with the district waste management offices and facilities, and the IUs (Industrial Users) in those areas. It supports government partnerships from the local to federal level, and uses the existing network of industry database information to work together on pollution prevention initiatives. This proposal addresses a prime cause of this environmental problem by focusing on a list of critical toxic pollutants including mercury, lead, and copper, with the IUs and indirect discharger sources that need reduction or elimination in order to achieve local, State, and Federal toxic reduction goals. In addition, the OPPA is mandated to present pollution prevention as an alternative in department actions with efforts to reach these goals. The multimedia, interagency approach will pilot innovative approaches to toxic pollution prevention in the Lake Michigan ecosystem.
- Accelerate Toxic Pollution Prevention (TPP) through technical assistance to direct and indirect discharges on the Grand Calumet River. The pollution prevention methods aimed at source reduction include:
modifications or new process design
changes in operational procedures
inprocess, closed-loop recycling
- Address topics identified by the EPA in the 33/50 and LaMP programs, the State's own pollution prevention efforts, and local POTW's concerns.
- Objectives of the proposal ensure the 20% toxic reduction in the sanitary district and that goals are met.
Ohio Department of Development1993
(Total funding: $390,000)
The initiative under this grant involves motivating industry to eliminate Ozone Layer Depleting Substances (OLDS) and reduce VOCs through P2 techniques. With this in mind, activities under this grant include:
- Develop six outreach presentations; develop print, press and other communications which will increase P2 awareness and motivate industries to change. This will be based on the number of attendees.
- Provide five pollution prevention opportunity assessments, that will identify site specific cleaning alternatives and encourage change. This result in potential and actual waste and cost reductions and maintain an ongoing P2 program.
- Hold two industry cleaning alternative events that would provide technical information on P2 and cleaning alternatives.
- Demonstrate cleaning alternatives for companies that will show technical feasibility to encourage implementation. This will be based on the number of users; implementation rate; and waste and cost reductions.
University of Wisconsin-Madison1993
(Total funding: $89,500)
Activities under this grant include:
- Determine if an agency and private sector cooperative project that promotes voluntary on-site petroleum will enable farmers to effectively reduce the pollution risks associated with petroleum storage.
- Determine what types of pollution prevention products and services for petroleum storage and handling are applicable to farm petroleum storage systems.
- Develop a plan for providing these products and services at the local level.
- Develop a plan to increase the farm target audience use of these produce and services.
- Pilot test this strategy in three local areas in Wisconsin.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of pilot projects in reducing contamination risks associated with farm petroleum storage and handling and determine the feasibility of this initiative serving as a model for use in other states.
Lower Colorado River Authority1993
(Total funding: $232,672)
This project will result in:
- Conducting pollution prevention audits of LCRA facilities to identify and quantify pollutants generated and to identify the generating processes and operations. The pollutants to be targeted for reduction would be prioritized according to potential environmental impacts, toxicity, regulatory factors, voluntary programs and quantities.
- Current LCRA prevention practices including energy conservation, solvent reduction, and coal combustion byproducts reuse programs being identified and evaluated for success.
- Performance of technical feasibility and cost/benefit studies to determine which options are promising . The studies will include reduction estimates from existing prevention activities and feasible projects.
- LCRA sharing the results with regulatory agencies, other utilities, their customers, and the public.
Some options LCRA would propose to research, evaluate and, if feasible, to implement, may include: improved paint operations and applications; operational improvements to reduce air emissions; development of best management practices to minimize the volume of lead contaminated paints from painting operations; scrap tire recycling and/or reuse; alternative fuels for fleet vehicles; chemical substitution; anti-freeze, waste oil and oil energy efficient lighting retrofit for all LCRA facilities; elimination of chloroflourocarbons throughout LCRA operations; and stormwater runoff pollution prevention strategies and best management practices.
Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $40,765)
Activities under this grant will result in:
- Integrate P2 assessments into the routine field inspections conducted under other regulatory programs. With this the inspection staff can provide a valuable mechanism to introduce and spread the P2 concept within the generator community by identifying potential cost saving opportunities which reduce waste.
- Addition of site or manufacturing specific information to EPA's existing published informative guidance documents, which provide the basis for the training program. Resultenhanced effectiveness of the P2 assessment. Project activities will include P2 assessments as part of routine facility inspections.
- Development of protocols and methodologies previously published in other guidance documents. Results obtained from site specific inspections will be generalized in order to improve the assessment protocols for similar industries.
All Indian Pueblo Council1993 (Total funding: $130,000)
Activities under this grant involve creating a Pollution Prevention Resource Guide for the nineteen Pueblos. This guide will benefit other Indian Tribes within the Region. The guide will cover the following major aspects of a Pollution Prevention program, to include:
- The development of institutional structures within the nineteen Pueblos' governmental entities to ensure that pollution prevention is incorporated into decision making and planning, and the creation of incentives and the elimination of barriers to pollution prevention.
- Development of a multi-media pollution prevention effort for the nineteen Pueblos that works in close coordination with State and Federal programs.
- Development of an outreach program that is targeted at industry, Tribal offices, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Indian Health Service, and consumers, and which emphasizes the benefits of pollution prevention.
- Development of a technical clearinghouse to provide educational and technical information, including the support of research, development, and demonstration projects.
- Collection, dissemination, and analysis of data to evaluate progress in pollution prevention.
New Mexico Environment Department1993 (Total funding: $116,045)
Activities under this grant will result in volume and toxicity reduction at the sourcesmall/light industry and business through waste stream audits. The audits will attempt to:
- Identify process alternatives or operating changes resulting in toxicity and volume reduction at the point of generation.
- Identify options or alternatives to disposal, and identify the resulting benefits to the environment, business and industry.
- Identify environmental risk reduction options.
- Identify the economic potential achieved through the establishment of reusable material exchange networking system.
- Produce "self-help" educational information applicable to each specific business or industry for waste and toxicity reduction measures utilization.
- Explore the multi-media approach to program delivery determining viability and effectiveness and identify problems and possible remedies.
- Produce a database containing waste characterization information on all facilities audited.
- Develop and identify mechanisms business and industry may use to further reduce the potential threat their wastes poses to the environment and resulting economic incentives.
Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $220,000)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Coordinating State Pollution Prevention activities.
Establish a program which will serve to provide multi-media technical assistance to small and medium sized businesses, which will be targeted because the lack of information and capital are barriers to pollution prevention for these facilities.
- Technical assistance will consist of both waste reduction audits and regulatory advice. This integrated approach will serve to help those firms currently outside State and Federal regulatory programs to attain regulatory compliance without fear of reprisal.
- Expand existing clearinghouse capabilities. Data collected through the post audit surveys in the original PPTAP indicates a public desire for this information.
- Continue to cement alliances made with industry affiliated organizations, such as the South Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce and use this alliance as an avenue for dissemination of information on pollution prevention.
- Develop and publish Oklahoma-specific fact sheets on issues of primary importance to industry.
- Promote multi-state education, transfer information and ideas, and network Oklahoma will offer to host a meeting of the Region 6 P2 Roundtable in Oklahoma City or Tulsa.
Texas Water Commission1993 (Total funding: $214,756)
This project will result in:
- Reduce the generation of hazardous waste and/or toxic releases in Texas by 50% by the year 2000. The Office of PP and Recycling has established a strategy to work with industry, Local governments, and citizens to reduce pollution in the states.
- Development of a Pollution Prevention Program along the US/Mexico Border to assist businesses with P2 planning and reporting as required by the Texas Waste Reduction Policy Act of 1991 and TRI Program.
- The local government disseminating workplace recycling information to governmental agencies, community and industry groups, and individual businesses.
- Develop P2 materials which can be used by other states or local programs. TWC will share experience with other programs, through national and regional P2 roundtables, conference, training and on-site technical assistance programs.
Iowa Waste Reduction Center, University of Northern Iowa1993
(Total funding: $49,378)
This project will involve:
- Identifying small community wastewater treatment plants that are deleteriously impacting their receiving streams because of inadequate treatment of industrial influents. The Toxicity Reduction Initiative for Pollution Prevention (TRIPP) identifies a need for targeted assistance to industries in small communities.
- Development of a project strategy that will involve a Selection of Communities that have evidence of instream or effluent toxicity problems; have a good mix of industrial types; are interested in pollution prevention; and are willing to cooperate.
Conducting Community and Industry Education about TRIPP.
- The Institute for Decision-Making (IDM) will be responsible for enlisting involvement and support of the community and business leaders.
- Evaluating Test Data and determining the need for targeted efforts within communities. If a need is recognized, on-site reviews will begin in appropriate industries.
Iowa Department of Natural Resources1993
(Total funding: $200,000)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Provide the means for the Waste Reduction Assistance Program (WRAP) to enhance the integration of pollution prevention into a broader spectrum of delivery mechanism, to improve the integration of pollution prevention into regulatory enforcement programs in Iowa, to provide more pollution prevention training for the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) personnel and Iowa companies, and to foster more widespread industry participation in pollution prevention programs sponsored by state agencies and EPA.
- Enable Iowa businesses and institutions to not only meet but exceed environmental regulatory expectation in a proactive manner. This will improve Iowa's environment in the areas of ground water protection, hazardous waste minimization, toxic pollution reduction and the conservation of energy and resources.
- Support the ongoing interest of INDR in training its regulatory staff, including management, to promote the integration of P2 concepts and initiatives into environmental regulatory programs. Outreach to companies and institutions to get commitment to WRAP and P2 is an ongoing challenge. With improved training, WRAP team members and IDNR regulatory staff will improve the ability of IDNR to reach companies in need of assistance and training. Outreach can be achieved through non-regulatory contacts by WRAP and regulatory inspections by the INDR enforcement personnel.
University of Missouri1993
(Total funding: $49,689)
Waste minimization has long been the strategy of choice for business and government. But dealing with the rising volumes and costs of hazardous waste, pollution prevention goes beyond the hazardous waste arena and recognizes the fact that multimedia contamination, resource conservation and the goal of sustainable development must address all aspect of environmental prevention.
This project involves developing a course titled "Pollution Prevention Technologies and Applications" that will make information relating to pollution prevention technology and applications available to generators and others who are addressing the problem. The course will include policy, regulations updates, economic factors, problem solving mechanisms and materials on available resources, and will address the reduction of pollutants across all environmental media. The goal is to acquire leadership, managerial and technical skills to successfully implement a cost-effective pollution prevention program in any size organization.
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $600,000)
Activities under this grant involve the development of an innovative, multifaceted pollution prevention outreach program that stimulates the transfer of multi-media based pollution prevention technology to a target audience that consists primarily of business and industry. The technology transfer program will be based on an educational foundation that takes advantage of knowledge related to:
- Diffusion of technology into society.
- Packaging of educational programs to maximize information transfer and retention. These will be useful as a model for similar efforts in EPA tools that facilitate the adoption of a pollution prevention ethic, attitude, and program with certain business and industry sectors. The programs will be planned and developed so that they can be used for training by educators at the State and local level, regulatory and other governmental agencies, private enterprise through environmental consultants, and business and industry through self-assessment efforts.
- Use of innovative audio-visual tools to facilitate the learning process through internalization of the information.
- Appropriate techniques and methods in technology transfer that result in changes in behavior and adoption of the P2 ethic.
Colorado Department of Health1993
(Total funding: $150,000)
In order to build and enhance Colorado's existing pollution prevention program, activities under this grant involve:
- Enhance the multi-media technical assistance program through additional assistance to target businesses; on site assessments; focused outreach literature; and development of tools to evaluate success of Technical Assistance efforts using highest risk as the criterion for targeting and focusing efforts.
- Enhance the statewide network of pollution prevention contacts within business, trade associations, non-profit organizations, local and county governments, and tribal governments.
- Continue to institutionalize pollution prevention into the daily business of the Colorado Department of Health.
- Continue to develop a regulatory integration program that addresses regulatory and non-regulatory barriers to pollution prevention within the Colorado Department of Health and to expand to other agencies that have environmental-regulatory responsibilities.
- Provide funds to tribal governments to begin or enhance pollution prevention programs.
- Expand the state program to coordinate with natural resource and rural/pristine area pollution prevention program efforts especially in energy and water efficiency.
- Establish cooperative arrangements among adjacent states to foster cooperation and to share pollution prevention successes and learning experiences.
Montana State University1993 (Total funding: $180,000)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by expanding current on-site small business pollution prevention assessment capabilities.
- Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by establishing a resource library and database in conjunction with the existing Montana State University Extension Service (MSUES) Solid Waste Institute of Montana (SWIM) program.
- Test a new approach to pollution prevention by creating a pollution prevention education demonstration project on the Montana Ft Belknap Reservation. The educational module will be transferrable to other reservations located within Montana and EPA Region 8. Though already established links with reservations in Montana, interagency cooperation between the Extension Service and reservations will incorporate pollution prevention into reservation activities.
- Enhance Montana's existing P2 program by creating a pollution prevention education project aimed at Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQGs) of hazardous waste, integrating efforts with the MSUES SWIM Household Hazardous Waste Program.
- Establish pollution prevention into all levels of governmentstate, Extension, tribal and local.
South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources1993
(Total funding: $125,000)
Activities under this grant involve:
- Development of the "Bootstraps" project entitled "Farming and Ranching in the 90's." This project attempts to address all activities of the farm and ranch operations from crop, soil and stock management to chemical and financial handling. This program is building on information/education-funded initiative for farm and ranch management.
- Expand and enhance pollution prevention efforts in inventory and assessment activities; and training, information and education activities. The goal is to institutionalize the program within South Dakota state government; to establish a task force within state government to assess governmental operations and identify opportunities for pollution prevention within state government; to develop an effective information/education program that will be used to present the P2 philosophy to public and private concerns statewide; and to encourage the private sector to adopt the ideas of P2 as a new way of life and better way to do business.
Utah Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $145,000)
Actively promoting pollution prevention is an integral part of the vision for the Utah Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). To operate as a customer service agency, the Governor said that DEQ must communicate the role of prevention in achieving environmental protection. The activities under this grant include:
- Assisting the Department of Natural Resources in promoting "Green Lights."
- Partnering with Questar Corporation to provide a pilot program in Utah schools that promotes energy conservation.
- Work with the Utah Mining Association and local public owned treatment plants to promote beneficial use of municipal biosolids.
- Partnering with Weber State University Automotive Department to develop pollution prevention curriculum for automotive repair training schools.
- Establish a partnership with Native American tribes to promote pollution prevention.
- Provide waste minimization training for Utah businesses.
- Initiate a public education campaign with educational organizations, government entities and mass media.
Work with the Department of Community and Economic
- Development to encourage market development for recyclable within the state.
American Samoa Environmental Protection Agency1993
(Total funding: $50,000)
This project addresses heavy metals contamination of Pago Pago Bay. It seeks to identify industrial and commercial sources of these contaminants and identify pollution prevention techniques for reducing or eliminating these pollutants. Funds will support on-site pollution prevention assessments at these facilities and will also support American Samoa's efforts to get companies to implement changes through regulatory and non-regulatory means. The project will also establish a Governor's awards program for pollution prevention.
California Trade and Commerce Agency1993
(Total funding: $408,420)
This project will establish pollution prevention assistance programs at three California Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs) to provide direct assistance to small businesses in a non-regulatory setting. The Centers, located in Northern (Solano), Central (Merced) and Southern California (Riverside), will deliver pollution prevention materials to small businesses, operate telephone assistance services, provide training seminars, and conduct on-site pollution prevention assessments for small businesses. The project will also link in environmentally related technical assistance through the southern California Business Environment Assistance Center (BEAC). If successful, this project can be expanded to include the rest of the California SBDC system (29 centers total) and will further support current efforts by the Nevada SBDC to expand this concept to the SBDC system nationwide.
Northern Marina Islands Department of Public Health1993
(Total funding: $20,000)
This project will provide CNMI DEQ with an export to conduct waste audits of targeted facilities, and provide information and advice to targeted industries. The expert will also provide training to CNMI DEQ staff on waste minimization and pollution prevention techniques. Based on this experience, CNMI DEQ will develop long-range plans for their pollution prevention efforts.
Navajo Environmental Protection Agency1993
(Total funding: $406,790)
This project will create a pollution prevention/waste minimization program through the Navajo EPA, in conjunction with the Navajo Division of Economic Development, Mission Research Corporation, and the University of New Mexico. The program will deliver pollution prevention assistance to Navajo businesses. This will be one of the first multi-media pollution prevention programs created specifically for a single indian tribe. The program will:
- Develop institutional structures within the Navajo Nation government to support pollution prevention.
- Develop multi-media pollution prevention activities in coordination with Federal and State agencies.
- Develop a targeted outreach program.
- Establish a pollution prevention information clearinghouse.
- Develop and demonstrate specific pollution prevention techniques.
- Collect and analyze information to monitor program progress.
Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation1993
(Total funding: $42,240)
This project involves designing a statewide Alaskan Materials Exchange that is accessible and of use to all industries and communities throughout Alaska. The plan is to build upon the ongoing cooperative efforts to develop a materials exchange for the oil and gas industry. The emphasis of the program will be on identifying the needs of other major Alaskan industries and communities for materials exchange, and designing and implementing a program that fits the culture, geography, and economic realities of Alaska.
(Total funding: $24,549)
This project involves:
- A joint venture between Chugachmiut and the Chugach Regional Resources Commission to work with each village Environmental Health Committee and council to accompany the water resource planning with a campaign to develop awareness of the need for appropriate septic sludge disposal, to decide which septic sludge disposal alternative best suits each community, and to assist each village council in the design of a maintenance strategy that is as self-supporting as possible. Since the Port Graham Village Council will have chosen their disposal method, work in that village will focus on the specific methods that will be used to maintain the septic sludge disposal system. In particular, occupational training for the individual(s) who will be responsible for operating and maintaining the system will be facilitated.
- Proposed P2 activities designed to build tribal capabilities by providing technical assistance on-site in each village, by supporting an in-depth discussion of sludge disposal issues and planning session during a two-day meeting for village environmental health leaders, and by providing ongoing support and assistance to village councils and Environmental Health Committees as they work to apply the knowledge gained to their own situation. This is essentially the method used successfully during the current fiscal year in support of solid waste management planning.
- A basic infrastructure for environmental protection that is developed by the villages. As they resolve village landfill and septic disposal issues, the program emphasis will shift to facilitating training and support for individuals who are responsible for operating and maintaining the systems; and addressing the impact of consumer behavior on the environment.
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality1993
(Total funding: $361,198)
This project involve the following:
- Improve the quality of Oregon's air, water and land through expansion of the Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) current pollution prevention activities.
Build upon DEQ's successes from previous EPA pollution prevention grants through expanded industry outreach and technical assistance programs including outreach to local governments and state agencies.
- Integrate multi-media pollution prevention activities into Oregon's regulatory programs.
- Initiate programs that encourage pollution prevention through linkages with non-regulatory agencies.
- Ensure that the implementation of Oregon's TURHWR Act complements the Environmental Protection Agency's RCRA Program, Industrial Toxics Project (33/50 Program), and the Federal Facility Compliance Act through close coordination of efforts between the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and EPA.
- Continue to improve the relationship between DEQ and Oregon businesses and to foster a pollution prevention ethic that results in the reduction in or elimination of the use of toxic chemicals and generation of hazardous waste throughout the state.
Washington Department of Ecology1993
(Total funding: $300,000)
- This project involves developing and implementing a multi-media pollution prevention technical assistance campaign for three priority industries.
- The cooperative effort will multiply our efforts and help build the capabilities of the local agencies. Local agencies play a large role in technical assistance efforts. For example, local agencies are responsible for providing hazardous waste reduction technical assistance to conditionally exempt generators; local air pollution control agencies have the authority to provide pollution prevention technical assistance and POTW's work with wastewater dischargers to assist them with their pre-treatment programs.
- Printers and photofinishers have already been identified by all involved agencies as high priorities. A multi-agency workgroup that will be convened as part of this project will choose the third party industry. The workgroup will use the grant criteria when making its choice.
- The project for the third industry will be refined if necessary based on the outcome of the printers/photofinishers project.
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe1993
(Total funding: $135,907)
This project results in establishing an outreach program designed to offer education and technical assistance to landowners, farmers, and businesses to prevention pollution and restor a healthy ecosystem (a pollution prevention field agent program). By providing pollution prevention field agents to work with groups in the community, this will enable them to build upon the other major planning efforts which were previously undertaken.
Kwethluk I.R.A. Council1993
(Total funding: $60,000)
Activities under this grant involve preventing solid waste and sewage pollution of land and waterways, thus reducing environmental and human health risks; build tribal pollution prevention capabilities. The objective is to hire a part-time Local Utility Business Advisor to act as liaison between the public, local administrators and agencies and regional organizations to accomplish the goals of this program. This will be accomplished on three levels: interagency coordination and program development; community education and public relations; and personnel and administrative structuring and management.
(Total funding: $59,500)
Activities under this grant include:
- The process of removing nitrates from drinking water which usually involves a reverse osmosis type remediation approach and is generally done on a small scale well-by well-approach. However, some 30,000 acres of agricultural lands showing elevated levels of nitrates at/or above the EPA limits is 10 parts per million this type of remediation approach is both impractical and cost prohibitive.
- In an identification of community opportunities and volunteer liaisons as a means of generating public involvement and empowerment, development of educational modules and packages for training and distribution, and establishment and evaluation of an ongoing outreach model as a pilot for incorporation into future multi-media funding opportunities.
- In the creation of a Community Local Education and Action Network (CLEAN) to promote effective and ongoing distribution and application of information. This network will give the Tribe a sense of personal involvement and ownership of the issues, and create a tool for ongoing dialogue between the public, the Tribe, and other entities on action which can be implemented at the local level.